How to operate a forklift

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hi I'm Michael de Parma I'm here at


remember colleagues to show you the

correct way to operate a forklift trucks

today we're going to be covering site

inspections which will include hazard

identification and correct control

methods pre operational checks pre

startup check safe operating procedures

and correct shutdown procedures so let's

get going so prior to operating a

forklift truck asteroid inspection must

be completed to identify hazards that

may be an issue some hazards may include

overhead service line power lines

surrounding buildings doorways

pedestrians uneven surfaces incline and

weather correct measures must be

utilized correct signage once you have

those measures in place you should be

right to go so it's really important

that we carry out a complete site

assessment and identify hazards where

we're necessary and take the right

measures to control them because if we

don't we could miss things which could

result in serious injury or even death

to yourself and other people prior to

operating a forklift truck the correct

PPE must be worn today we only require

the minimum PPE which includes a

high-vis vest and spill cat boots

other sites may require you to wear

other PPE which could include a hot

hands safety glasses here in protection

maybe even gloves so be sure to

understand which PPE you require to

utilize on the site that you're on we

now need to conduct a pre operational

check on the forklift truck I preferably

like to start on the on the front of the

machine and it's commonly known as the

once walk around where you walk all the

way around the machine and check all

parts as you go

end up back in one spot and you know

that you have again you're not going to

miss anything so starting at the front

of the Machine all I can check the fork

arm spoon firstly the security make sure

that they're locked in and they're not

going to slide along the bridge check

the condition of the fork arms check

that there's no cracks on the hills also

the condition

make sure there's no burrs and also

they're not dependent have a good look

under the underneath the front of the

machine check for any oil leaks we can

fetters check that once we get on and

conduct a 3-star checks where we get on

move the Machine backwards checking our

break we can have a setter on with them

check the side shift cylinder check the

fuels for no leaks the connection points

and no no legs on the on the on the

hoses we then check the load guard some

people call this a back rest we check

the security on all four bolts and the

structure all the world

no damage we then check the tension on

the chains make sure that it's got even

tension and there's not one that's too

loose check the hoses the hydraulic

hoses print oil leaking down them or any

damage where the chains come up over the

pulleys make sure that they come down

and it and that there's arm locking nuts

on each side with the main lifting

cylinder check for no oil leaks coming

out of the field moving up to the mast

check warning decals check down inside

where the rollers are there's no debris

and that those rollers are going to

travel freely up inside the hoses inside

the mask that they go over the pulleys

and the condition of the hoses there's

no snow oil leaks coming down those

moving around to come to the outside of

the mask we check the welds the

structure there's no birth no cracks in

them we check the lifting cylinders the

secondary lifting cylinders there's no

oil legs coming out of the fields also

it's security and the hose is coming

down over these pulleys down to these

connection points and right down in

behind the mask whilst we're here we

check the tilt cylinder again no leaks

around any of the seals the security and

also the key the keeper plates they are

well greased moving down to the front

wheel these are pneumatic tires so we're

checking the correct pressure on all

four tires we also check the wheel nuts

the nun or loose one other machines you

will find solid rubber tires on those

tires you're checking for big chunk

split uneven wear but with these one

it's the pressure with the foot step

make sure it's free from debris not

going to flip on it

nice and clean with the overhead guard

checking the structure no cracks in the

worlds all the way down on the overhead

garden on both sides we have mirrors

checking there they're nice and clean

it's not cracked the condition of the

blinkers and the headlights moving down

inside the machine here we check the

tilt Rams where they come through so

there's no oil leaks on the connection

points the keeper plates are there will

grease no damage on all pedals we check

that the rubber the rubbers are on the

pedals moving up to the seat we check

the security of the season

and also the seatbelt that it actually

locks coming over the top of the

overhead guard here we've got the dust

filter we've got the brake line we've

got our flashing light and also the

other light on this side for any damage

no cracks we then check the back wheel

again check into condition good pressure

will nuts are all secure slice even

we're staying at the back of the machine

we can have a good look underneath the

machine for any oil leaks we check down

up up inside here the counterweight bolt

that it's nice and secure with the gas


we checked firstly that it's secure that

it's in date we then turn the gas on one

and a half turns only we can smell or

listen for any little any gas leaks we

also check the disk at in the bottles

another important thing is to check the

hoses and the connection points upon

that gas on that gas system coming back

down to the stance of the rear tire

exactly like the other side we check

even where check the wheel nuts those

big chunks out of the toil of cracks

with our solid rubber checking the

overhead guard on this line for its

structure checking the controls there's

no major movement in them and also the

controls decals on tops which controlled

this one

very importantly check the data plate

firstly it needs to be attached and it

needs to be legible if we have a look

down inside this area we'll find the

installation for the gas system on this

machine and it's been installed properly

one of the last things we check is the

tire again just like the other side we

check each wheel nut for security the

toy for its condition and as we checked

on the other side we do check the fuel

cylinder again puts any leaks the

connection points keeper plates all the

hoses and connection points on this side

security of this cylinder no leaks the

condition of the mask and that brings us

round back to the front of the machine

where we started and it completes the

pre-operational checks the next thing we

need to move on to is we need to open up

the hood actually check the liquid

levels on this machine and oil levels

okay now we've completed our walk-around

we've now opened up the hood of the

machine and I'm going to now identify

whether liquid levels are and they're

all oils okay so underneath the foot

plate here we have our transmission

fluid right on some other machine types

you'll have brake fluid but that's not

on this machine down here we have our

hydraulic oil - the nice high level okay

here we have our dust filter

just over the side of the school here we

have our engine oil fine lace so good

good level this machine also has two two

water levels I will just go around the

other side of the machine to show you

those here we have our coolant overflow

bottle and the battery generally

batteries have Auto levels in them this

is a maintenance-free battery with the

battery also it's very important to

check the security not going to pull

over and also the terminals are nice and

clean and there the oil levels for the

pork with drug now that we've completed

our pre operational checks and our walk

around we now need to conduct a

pre-start checks this is where we get

onto the machine check all the

electrical components and all the moving

parts I'm going to demonstrate that to

you now first up we need to use our

three points of contact very important

not not to hold on to the steering

handle use a footstep mounting handle

handle on the seat public line first

thing we do you must put on our


once we've done that get some ignition

will check all all our electrical

components so I'll start with the light

blinkers and flow side I'm now going to

start the machine to check the brake

lights and other warning devices


flashing white

e horn

and also check the gauges

before we actually start moving off on

this machine we need to check all

Lifting components I'll demonstrate that


pull back you


and it's very important to bring the

mask back to a vertical position they

need to do full side to five direction

and back those it up

now we're going to rise the mop so it's

full expense

all the wild checking that patanè hoses

are running over those pulleys freely


and for any unusual noises

as you can see I've selected the correct

travel position with the fall gun there

below the front axle point and close to

the ground I'm now going to engage the

forward D if I put on the brake and I'm

going to check the handbrake by simply

releasing the foot on the pedal it holds

that fine relief my handbrake I'm going

to check over both shoulders it's a good

or like you can check your back wheels

are straight we know the area is clear

around us we're going to proceed forward

to check the brake front brakes are good

we're now going to do the same thing

reverse checking over five shoulders

always watching your travel directing

rear brake straight

the last thing we need to check is our

steering on this machine we need to do


what utilizing the thermal expose

directions to it schools of reef once

again always checking over your

shoulders for any pedestrians


that brings us to the completion of

pre-start checks so now I'm going to

select the correct travel position with

a ball cam prior to moving off relief my

handbrake puts the machine into forward

gear and travel as squarely as I can up

to the racking system all involve giving

assistance away from the rack so as you

raise the forks up we're not going to

collect other pellets in the racket now

that I have my position I'm collecting a

neutral gear applying the handbrake

making sure that the mark is in a

vertical position quite waving now all

those things are in place I'm now going

to raise support requirement right now

I'm at the required height I'm going to

release my handbrake applies the

machining to forward gear and travels

into the palace now that we're all the

way into the pallet I'm going to raise

the pallet and and apply a slight back

till now that we have the pallet in the

correct position to reverse we have to

danger points we need to be aware of try

to reverse in that is that the pallet is

going to be coming back with you as

you're reverting and not getting caught

in the racking system release our

handbrake apply the reverse gear

checking over both shoulders and

directions and the loader that's all at

the same time and slowly reverse a way

out of the rack now that we're in the

right position and clear from the rack

we've applied our handbrake the machines

in a neutral gear we're going to now

lower the load down to prescribed travel

position now that we were in the correct

travel position which is just off the

ground surface and no higher than

halfway up the front axle we can release

our handbrake apply reverse gear and

commence traveling so prior to reversing

off we need to ensure that we check over

both shoulders to make sure that no

pedestrians have approached the machine

whilst traveling and a forklift truck

very important it's always checked over

both your shoulders and to visual check

all around ensuring that no other

vehicles are entering your fight no

other pedestrians are approaching your

machine all in while keeping the load of

the night low levels to the ground

so at the end of the day once you've

finished operating your forklift trucks

must ensure that it's harked in a secure

location that you've removed the key

applied the handbrake selected a neutral

gear make sure the forks are on the

ground the fast wheels are stripes and

the gas bottle is switched off the

location where these machines should not

be parked in front of firefighting

equipment first aid station access ways

walkways emergency exit doors and on

blind corners so that brings us to the

end of our training today we've covered

off on-site inspections all safe

operating procedures for a forklift

truck as well as shutdown procedures

I hope these videos assists you in

becoming safe and competent operators