Federal Elections

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Every few years, Canadians go to the polls to elect Members of Parliament to make decisions

about Canada’s future.

Under Canada’s election law, federal elections are scheduled every four years, and take place

in October.

However, a prime minister can request that a federal election be held at any time as

long as it is no later than five years after the previous election.

So, how does the election process work?

On the request of the prime minister, the governor general ends parliament and directs

that the writs of election be issued.

This means that a federal election is called.

Canada is divided into smaller geographic areas called ridings, or electoral districts.

An election race is held in each riding to represent the people living in that area.

Political parties choose individuals to stand for their party and compete for the job of

Member of Parliament.

These individuals are called candidates.

Most candidates belong to a political party, but some candidates also run as independents.

It is the job of parties and candidates to share their ideas and vision for Canada, and

convince voters they are the best choice.

When it’s time to vote, voters are given a ballot with the names of the candidates

running for election in their riding and asked to mark their choice for one of the candidates.

After the election, the ballots are counted and the candidate with the most votes in each