LDC driving lesson 1 - Getting Moving - key learning points

Sharing buttons:

getting moving

during this first lesson you'll learn

all about the main hand and foot

controls of the car how to complete a

cockpit drill how to move away safely

from the side of the road and then pull

up safely again

hand controls the steering wheel

the steering wheel is used to turn the

front wheels of the car when changing

direction if you imagine the steering

wheel to be a clock face with the 12 at

the top you normally place your hands at

the 10:00 to 2:00 position or if you

find it more comfortable the quarter to

3:00 position when using the steering

wheel pull and push the wheel through

your hands without crossing them over


the indicator stork is usually located

to the left of the steering wheel it can

be identified by this symbol

keep your hand on the steering wheel and

use your fingertips to operate this

control to signal move the stork in the

same direction you'll turn the steering

wheel for the maneuver

the indicators will usually cancel

themselves after maneuvering however

always check by looking for the flashing

green arrow on the dashboard and

listening for the clicking sound don't

leave a signal on when not needed as

this can be misleading and dangerous

gear lever

the gear lever is usually located

towards the front of the car between the

front seats it's used in combination

with the clutch to select the gears

there are usually five forward gears and

one reverse gear each gear controls the

amount of power transmitted to the

driving wheels of the vehicle the

location of each gear is displayed on

the top of the gear lever make yourself

familiar with this in each car that you

drive between the gears is a central

position known as neutral when the gear

lever is in this position there's no

gear selected neutral can be identified

by moving the gear lever freely from

side to side


the handbrake is usually found behind

the gear lever and between the two front

seats it's used to keep the car secure

once stationary because the handbrake

only operates on two wheels it shouldn't

be used when the car is moving

to release the handbrake hold it with

your left hand and pull up slightly now

press the button on the end of the

handbrake with your thumb and lower the

lever to the floor to apply the

handbrake hold it with your left hand

press the button in using your thumb and

then pull the lever up as far as it'll

go then release the button and the

handbrake itself if the handbrake hasn't

been released correctly you'll see this

warning light on the dashboard never

drive with this light illuminated

foot controls

there are three pedals located in the

drivers footwell these are the

accelerator the brake

the clutch a b c


the accelerator or gas pedal is will

refer to it from now on is used with the

right foot it controls the speed of the

car by increasing or decreasing the flow

of fuel to the engine the gas pedal

should be pressed down smoothly and



the foot brake or brake pedal as we'll

refer to it from now on is also used

with the right foot it's used to control

the speed of the car slow the car down

or bring the car to a halt and operates

the brakes on all four wheels of the car

when this pedal is pressed the brake

lights at the back of the car come on

warning following drivers that you're

slowing down or stopping

the pedal should be pressed

progressively firmer then as you reach

the required speed smoothly released

because you use your right foot to

control both the gas and the brake

pedals it's recommended that you place

your heel midway between the two this

will allow you to pivot your foot from

one pedal to the other trying to keep

your heel on the floor when operating

both these pedals you should use the

ball of your foot


the clutch pedal is used with the left

foot if possible keep your heel on the

floor and use the ball of your foot to

operate the pedal press the pedal down

firmly as far as it will go

then release it slowly and smoothly

when pressed down the clutch pedal

breaks the link between the engine and

the driving wheels of the car by

separating the clutch plates when

released the clutch pedal brings the

plates back together and links the

engine to the wheels of the car so that

it can move this only works if the

engine is switched on and a gear is


if the pedal is brought up too quickly

the car may stall

when you're not using the clutch pedal

place your left foot on the floor

alongside the pedal

don't drive along with your foot resting

on the pedal as this can cause

unnecessary wear and tear to the clutch

mechanism itself

the cockpit drill

entering the car safely

before entering a car you must check

that it's safe to do so

approach the car from behind wherever

possible then look up and down the road

for traffic before opening the door

as soon as you're seated check that the

handbrake is applied by pulling up on it

like this

leaving the car safely it's just as

important to check for safety before you

leave the car

check the driver's door mirror and look

over your right shoulder before opening

the door to make sure you're not going

to inconvenience anyone

the cockpit drill

once you're safely in the car you must

go through what's commonly known as the

cockpit drill this must be carried out

every time you get in the car regardless

of whether you were the last person to

drive or not the cockpit drill ensures

that you can locate and use all the

controls of the car and get the best

view possible of the road ahead and in

the mirrors the drill also ensures that

you've fastened your seat belt and

advised any passengers accordingly


check that the doors are securely closed

use the door mirrors to help you they

should look like this

or you may see a warning sign like this


move the base of the seat into a

position where you can press the clutch

pedal that's the one on the left all the

way to the floor with a slight bend in

your knee like this

if the base of the seed can be raised up

and down adjusted to give yourself a

good view of the road ahead

now adjust the backrest or rake of the

seat you should be able to hold your

steering wheel with your hands in the

10:00 to 2:00 position with your elbows

slightly bent slide your hands around

the steering wheel making sure your arms

are not restricted

you may also be able to adjust the

position of the steering wheel like this

finally adjust the head restraint to

give you maximum protection in the event

of collision the thickest part of the

head restraint should be in line with

the top of your ears like this


when you're in the correct seating

position adjust your driving mirrors so

that you have a clear view of the road

behind and to the sides of your vehicle

some mirrors are electric

operated and may require you to turn the

ignition key adjust the interior mirror

using your left hand place your thumb

and forefinger around the edge of the

mirror and move it until the rear window

is framed in the mirror be careful not

to touch the mirror when doing this as

fingerprints on the glass can distort

the image adjust the door mirrors so

that you can see some of the side of

your car and directly back along the

road or footpath like this

you may notice that objects seen in the

door mirror appear smaller and so seemed

further away this is because the glass

in the door mirrors is convex which

gives a wider field of vision but is not

a true reflection of distance and size

take this into consideration when using

the door mirrors

seat belt

put your seatbelt on and ensure that the

belt lies flat against your body without

any twisting make sure the buckle clips

securely into the fastening point

when removing your seat belt press the

button to release the buckle then keep

hold of it don't allow the buckle to

recoil on its own as this may cause

damage to the car's window


before setting off check that you have

sufficient fuel for your journey some

fuel gauges register when the ignition

is switched off others however will only

register when the ignition is switched


moving off

moving away safely is easy provided you

follow the prepare observe and maneuver

routine or pom for short

P make sure the car is ready to move

Oh make sure it is safe to move

em move the car forward into the correct

driving position


first of all press the clutch pedal down

to the floor then select first gear rest

your left hand on the handbrake set the

gas by gently pressing the accelerator

pedal so that you can hear a lightly

humming sound

bring the clutch pedal up slowly and

smoothly until you hear the engine tone

drop slightly you might also feel the

car start to pull against the handbrake

keep both feet still this is called the

biting point


the car is now ready to move so make

sure that it's safe to move by taking

effective observations around the car

start by checking the left door mirror

then the interior mirror

look ahead and then check the right door

mirror finally check your right blind

spot by turning to look over your right

shoulder through the rear side window

The Blind Spot is an area to the sides

of your vehicle that can't be seen in

any of your mirrors

you must always check your blind spot

for hazards such as cyclists or vehicles

emerging from junctions or driveways

before you move away next ask yourself

is it safe to go will another road user

benefit from a signal

remember that pedestrians are also road

users then signal if necessary


when you're sure it's safe to move away

release the handbrake and return your

left hand to the steering wheel

start to bring the clutch pedal up

slowly and smoothly as you gently press

the gas pedal

as the car starts to move check your

interior mirror and right door mirror


once the clutch is up fully place your

left foot on the floor alongside the

pedal or on the footrest if there is one

steer gradually to your normal driving

position one meter from the curb cancel

your signal if you applied one gently

press the accelerator pedal to increase

speed if needed and look well ahead



you'll learn how to stop safely on the

left-hand side of the road using the

mirrors signal maneuver routine or MSM

for short

check your interior mirror and left door

mirror consider if anyone would benefit

from a signal and signal if required

steer gradually closer and parallel to

the curb gently press the foot brake to

bring the car to a halt remember to use

the brake progressively and just before

the car stops press the clutch fully

down to the floor and start to ease off

the brake slightly you may find that if

your car is traveling very slowly in

first gear you have to press the clutch

down before applying the foot brake this

is perfectly acceptable otherwise the

car will stall

keep your feet still while you make the

car safe by applying the handbrake and

selecting neutral

cancel your signal if you applied one

then take your feet off the pedals and


practice moving off and stopping several

times in first gear until you're feeling

quite confident with the procedures and

you have good control of the car