## How To Calculate Chess Tactics | 5 Step Thinking Method | Day 1

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good day and welcome to this first day

of the 10-day chess challenge I am

excited to present this course to you

because I believe you can improve your

game significantly by doing it and the

reason I'm so confident that you're

going to improve your game is because

I'm going to focus on the two most

important thinking methods in chess that

is your calculation thinking method and

your evaluation thinking method now in

this video I'm going to first not focus

on the first one the calculation method

this is summary of the method just below

the video if you want to have a quick

look at that and I'm going to explain

how this method works by using this

example the thinking method is a five

step method and the first step is to

find your opponents threats now they say

in war the first principle is that you

must know your enemy

so in calculation it's the same before

you can start calculating moves you have

to know what your opponent is

threatening

there's no point calculating some deep

variation if your opponent is

threatening a checkmate against you so

that's why it's important to first of

all focus on your opponent's threats

once you know the threats then you will

have Liberty to start calculating some

tactics of your own so let's see and

it's but in this position black is

threatening to capture a pawn and he's

also threatening to possibly exchange

his queen for two rooks for example

you'll take our rook and then if we take

his queen then with that reveal capture

our rook and it gets two rooks for each

Queen okay at least it's not a checkmate

threat but we have to be a way that

Black has these kind of resources in the

position okay now that way at least we

know that the black is not threatening

some kind of checkmate against us or to

capture our queen or something like that

we can move on to the next step which is

identifying all the targets and the

motives now a target is a piece or a

pawn that we are already attacking or

can easily attack so for example this

rook is a target because we already

attacking in putting pressure on him the

King is definitely a target because we

can easily check

the screen is not really a target

because there's no way to attack us if

we attack it with the porn then we

simply lose the pawn we didn't deal with

that threat thing so there's no other

way to effectively attack the Queen and

there's also no way to effectively

attack this rook so that's the two

targets we'll have to work with

okay let's go on by calculating all the

checks first of all okay here's the only

check that makes any sense but after the

King moves out of check it seems that we

don't achieve much more because now

after this there's not much more we can

do maybe we can take check but if he

takes back it seems like we didn't

achieve much okay so the check move

didn't work now we look at captures if

we capture the rook and he captures us

back well there aren't any other checks

or captures oh this is user capture and

after it takes we see we can win a pawn

so that's not too bad we have to keep in

mind that we can win that bone but let's

see if we can do even better okay so

when the obvious checks and the obvious

captures don't lead to anything special

then you should have a deeper look at

the motives and a motive in this

position is the spin why don't play the

Queen to h4 and pin the black rook to

the king now the pin is a very effective

tactical motive as a matter of fact you

might even hear the quote chess players

say that the pin is mightier than the

sword

okay and this move is actually the

solution we've because white is winning

the rook

there's nothing black and do to prevent

us from capturing if black tries to hang

on with a move like Queen to b4 then

we've got another tactical motive called

attacking the defender see this simple

move puts pressure on the defender and

the Queen wants to protect the rook but

she's forced to abandon this diagonal

because all the squares are covered for

example after Queen takes d4 we win the

rook okay so that was the first example

of how the calculation process works in

action I'm going to show you one more

example on purpose I chose a position

that seems to rather complicated with a

lot of pieces on the board here to show

you how the calculation process can work

now the first step is to identify our

opponent's threats now luckily it seems

that the black doesn't have any serious

threats against us by the way

identifying your opponent's threats is

essentially doing the calculation

process from your opponent's point of

view in other words you're trying to see

where can my opponent check me where can

you capture me and weigh can he threaten

me and in this position it doesn't seem

to be any serious threats that black

Gibbs has against us so that gives us

Liberty to move on to the next step

which is identifying all the targets and

motives here's an obvious target because

we're already taking the knight and the

Queen is also a target because we can

put the knight on d5 and attack the

Queens and the Queen is a possible

target this Knight is not really a

target because we can't attack him if we

push the pawn up then black and just

capture us and we didn't achieve

anything okay so this seems to be the

two targets that we'll have to focus on

next we look at the motives and the

first motive you should notice here is

with the rook being on the same file as

the Queen there's going to be possible

discovered attacks on this file for

example if these three pieces are

removed then white will discover attack

on black screen this leads us to see

another motive which is if we play the

Knight to d5 black can't really capture

us because if we does we capture with

this pawn and suddenly this motive shows

itself clearly because this Knight is

not bent and we're going to win the

knight on the next move

okay another motive we are to see here

is if we play the Knight to d5 there's a

possibility of checking the King on e7

which will create a fork between the

king and the c6 square all right so

that's the motive that we have to keep

in mind when we go to our third step

which is calculating all the checks now

since there aren't any checks we go on

to the next step which is to calculate

all the captures the only capture in

this position is to play Knight takes c6

but off the Queen takes c6 we don't have

any more captures we don't have any more

checks we don't have any more serious

threats so it seems like we only helped

black to release some pressure on its

position so the capture move can't be

good next we look at the threats or

tempo moves a tempo move is a move that

makes a serious threat against your

opponent and this is a temper move

because we are attacking black screen

and as we've already seen black can't

capture also we are going to capture the

pawn and when the knight on the next

move so that means black is forced to

move the Queen however black will want

to put the Queen on a square you still

protects tonight because we're

threatening the knight as well so the

Queen would go either to d7 or to b7

let's say the Queen go to b7 and now you

can see the other might have come into

play again because often Knight takes

Knight Queen takes Knight Knight to e7

check once the Queen the King has to

move out of check and we get the Queen

okay so this was another example of how

the calculation thinking method works in

practice now in order to become better

at this calculation method you will have

to practice it and that's why I added

some exercises and during the course of

this challenge I'm going to give you

numerous exercises whereby you can

practice this tactical thinking method

and let me just say if you are serious

should take these exercises seriously

because they were specifically designed