- So you have just bought a house,
or you're walking through a house,
and you wanna make it open-concept.
But can you actually take those walls out?
Are they load-bearing or non load-bearing?
How do you even know?
By the end of this video,
you will know exactly how to tell
if a wall is load bearing or non load-bearing.
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I'm Dan Nagy, founder of Emmett Leo Homes,
a luxury home building company
and your insider into the world
of building and re-designing luxury homes.
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Okay, so here we are onsite
at another luxury flip that we're doin'.
One of the things that a lot of people do
is tearing out walls.
So you get in there and you say,
"You know what, let's just tear out all these walls."
But how do you really know if that wall
can be taken out,
and if you need to take it out,
what do you have to do?
So we're gonna take a walk through
and we'll see exactly how structure comes
from the bottom up,
and I'll explain all of the concepts
behind walls, load-bearing walls,
and taking 'em out, let's go.
You gotta know the difference
between what actually a load-bearing wall
and a non load-bearing wall is.
A load-bearing wall is a wall
that supports the weight of a floor or a roof above.
They support the weight of floor joists or roof trusses
that are typically running in the opposite direction above.
These are the walls that are holding the house up
and if you take them out,
you have to find a way to support the weight
that they are holding with something else, often a beam.
A non load-bearing wall is a wall that separates rooms
without supporting any of the load or weight
of the roof or floor above it.
If you take these walls out, the house will not be effected.
Most walls that run parallel to the floor joist above
are rarely bearing weight.
The tough part is differentiating between walls
that run at a 90 degree angle to the floor joists,
because some may be bearing and others may not.
I'll give you three quick ways to figure out
whether your wall is load-bearing or not.
After that, we'll dive into a little deeper stuff
about foundations and why this stuff actually matters.
Okay so one of the easiest ways to figure out
if a wall is load-bearing or non-load-bearing
is to look up at the ceiling above
and see which way the joist runs.
So when we look up a bit, we can see this wall
has joists running perpendicular.
That means that it's coming in at 90 degrees.
If they're running parallel,
that means that the wall is definitely non-load-bearing.
Now, you might not be able to see.
You might drywall up, you might have a ceiling up.
You may have something impeding your ability
to see the joists above you.
If that's the case, we can really look at the structure
or the dimensions of the house.
Like in this one, we are shorter this way
than we are this way.
Typically, that means that our joists
are gonna run the shortest span.
Now the third way to tell whether a wall is load-bearing
or non-load-bearing is to go outside
and look at your roof.
Now, if we have gable roof, which means that you have a peak
and your wall goes all the way up,
that means your joists run perpendicular to that.
So on a gable roof, we know now which way
the roof trusses go, and typically the structural beam
will run perpendicular to that.
Now we have to understand a little more about
the structure of a house and the foundation
and actually what supports it.
So homes are typically built on piles or footings.
Most of the time, we have large spans in the basement
which means we're gonna have beams in the middle.
Under those beams, we'll see posts.
That's a great indication and a starting point for us
if we need to dive deeper because those quick ways
to analyze aren't working.
So we have to start in the basement, so let's go.
Okay so here we are in the basement.
Right now you can see we have a ripped apart basement
so it's quite easy for us.
You can see the span of the room.
Now, the room is wider this way than it is this way
so we kind of look right in the middle
and we can see that our main beam, our structural beam
for the house, is right above us here.
Now another easy way to tell that is we have posts.
We actually have three posts.
Now, you might see posts like this.
You can't see them, but they're covered up by drywall.
So chances are this is a post.
If you have one like this in your basement,
and you don't really have to guess anymore what it is.
You may also have open posts
if your basement isn't finished.
These teleposts sit underneath and support the structure.
Underneath here, you'll find that there is a footing
that's supporting the weight of that structure,
that's holding it up.
So you can't just put teleposts anywhere.
You need to actually pour
a foundational support underneath these teleposts.
The third telepost is actually hidden inside that wall.
So that might actually happen in your house
where you're looking for the teleposts
and you can't find them.
Typically, a good home-builder will hide those posts
either next to stairs or in walls
so that they don't stick out like a sore thumb.
So we found our beam, and we're lookin' right at it here.
We can see the joists right above here.
So maybe you might have to cut open to see,
but here it is.
So we know which way our joists run.
Now we're gonna measure how far we are
from one wall or the other so that when we go upstairs,
we can figure out where the beam is right underneath us.
So I'm gonna measure from the outside of this beam
all the way to my exterior wall.
So that when we go upstairs,
we can take the exterior wall upstairs, measure back,
and we'll know what the exact position of our beam.
Okay so we've come back upstairs
and we look at our exterior wall.
This is the one that we measured from.
We're gonna take that measurement from the basement
and stretch it all the way back over here
and we'll find that the beam is directly below this wall.
That means that this wall is structural, or load-bearing.
We might be confused because this wall runs the same way
and the joists run this way, perpendicular to it.
See, you might think that that would be structural,
but it's not.
Okay, so let's say that you got a little ahead of yourself
and you ripped the drywall off of a wall
that you wanted to rip out.
Somebody said hey is that structural or not?
Your drywall above--
The easiest way for you to figure out which way
the joists are running is to rip that drywall off.
If you don't want to cut a hole, you can use a stud-finder.
If you don't want to use a stud-finder,
you may actually be able to just press on the drywall
and see if you can get any of the screws to pop out.
That'll show you kinda where the joists run.
A third way to find out is actually
to go down to the city archive.
Now, every city's different.
Every town is different.
I don't actually know where your plans for your house are.
Starting about a century ago,
we started registering house plans with cities.
Your plans may actually be in the city archive
that you can get a copy of.
Or maybe you called a builder, and it was a track home,
and they can provide a plan for you.
On those plans it'll say exactly which way the joists run.
And now I'm gonna show you exactly what it looks like
when you take out a structural wall
and what you have to replace it with.
So we have this nice, open-concept dining room now.
When we first bought the house,
there was a wall all the way across here.
That beam that you saw downstairs
is actually underneath my feet.
We wanted to take this wall out.
What we had to do, was we needed an engineer
to design us a beam that would hold the weight
of that structural wall.
So this beam is actually holding up everything above it
and this is two stories and a roof system above
so it had to be pretty big.
And it spans about 20 feet.
So that's why we have this four-ply LBL beam.
Now, one thing you'll notice,
when you do take out the wall,
and you put the beam up, there's two points
that actually hold the load.
One is on that side, and one is on this side.
These beams are gonna hold the entire weight of that load.
That's why we load them up, hammer them together,
and create this super strong post
that's underneath the beam.
So you can see we have this beautiful
open-concept dining room behind us now,
and now you know how to figure out if a wall is load-bearing
or non-load-bearing so that you can take out a wall
and also have that open-concept house
that you always wanted.
If you found this video helpful, make sure to like, comment,
or share it with someone that you know needs it.
For more information, go to my website at EmmettLeoHomes.com
where you can find pictures of our luxury projects
as well as download our luxury home planning guide.
Thanks for watching.
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