Immigrants vs. Refugees: How are people getting into Canada?

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in 2017 Canada aimed to accept 300,000

new permanent residents to the country

but who are these new permanent

residents and how do they come in so

here's how immigrants and refugees are

admitted into Canada first it's

important to note that immigrants and

refugees are not the same an immigrant

is someone who chooses to settle

permanently in another country for

Canada it's mostly economic immigrants

like skilled foreign workers then its

family class applicants who are

sponsored by spouses or relatives who

are already here now a refugee on the

other hand is someone seeking protection

outside their home country some may be

escaping war zones others might be in

danger because of their religious or

political beliefs or because of their

sexual orientation so how does Canada

screen all these new permanent residents

well Canada's Immigration and Refugee

Protection Act says all foreign

nationals must be screened to protect

the health safety and security of

Canadian society for immigrants that

starts with a visa application to

Canadian consular officials abroad

officers will scrutinize their documents

histories and personal relationships and

police checks make sure that the

applicants haven't committed any serious

crimes or violated international laws

and if at any point someone seems like

they might pose a security threat but

you have to go through interviews with

either CSIS or the CBSA and they even

undergo health screening to make sure

they won't pose a burden on the health

care system by the time it all checks

out it could be years before they're

offered a permanent resident visa for

Refugees the process is similar but more


Canada's refugee screening process is

divided into two categories resettle

refugees and asylum-seekers resettled

refugees start their applications abroad

asylum seekers like people who walk

across the border from the United States

into Canada usually start their process

here either at a CBSA office or at a

screening station all resettled refugees

must be referred to Canada by a

designated organization like the UN's

refugee agency before that can happen

applicants are scrutinized during

in-depth face-to-face interviews all

refugees to Canada go through at least

two of these interviews identities are

confirmed using biometrics like

fingerprinting and facial recognition

travel histories are cross-checked with


national partners and the names are run

against databases of known or suspected

terrorist spies and war criminals then

CSIS the CBSA and the RCMP can screen

even further only after all of that can

a person be granted refugee status to

come to Canada and remember many

applicants won't find a permanent home

in Canada even if they are granted

temporary asylum of the 15,000

in-country refugee applications

processed in 2016 about a third were

rejected and that's not counting the

hundreds of applications that were

already terminated because the

applicants either had criminal records

or they abandoned their claims whether

someone comes here as an immigrant or

refugee the process is thorough one

security source tells us if there are

any remaining concerns about an

applicant they'd sooner reject them or

turn them aside then take a risk and

remember for every applicant there are

thousands more in the queue want to

learn more about immigration in Canada

check out our coverage at CBC News dot