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How To Read Sheet Music On Cello | Basics of Cello



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welcome to part one of how to read music

on your cello first let's begin by

downloading the file linked in the

description below you will open it up

and see the most famous piece ever

written for the cello the sweet one by

Johann Sebastian Bach Prelude this

beginning of this wonderful suite is by

far the most recognized song and if you

continue on cello hopefully one day you

will play this for your family and

friends and I guarantee you by the end

of this 18 minute video series you will

be able to at least play the beginning

of this song so let's get into what

music is music is a combination of sound

and silence music is any sound that

begins and ends all music exists

temporally and is measured by time it is

very important to remember that as we go

into understanding the symbols we use to

read and process music when you look at

music you're gonna see some symbols

you're gonna see this sort of squiggly

line and some numbers and you're gonna

have to see my hashtags or maybe little

flat B's you're gonna see notes that

look like circles notes that have stems

on them and notes even connected that's

all ok and they're gonna be they're

gonna be up and down all over those five

lines across and so I'm going to just

get into the basics of what those things

all mean now let's first start at the

very left of every single piece that

you're gonna play the top left corner

where music starts those five lines that

go across that's called the staff for

stave depending on what part of the

english-speaking world you are living in

but because I now live in France I have

understood that that is called a ball

Tay as in the door and every door must

be opened by a key a clip and so that

little squiggle with the two dots is

called a clarify it is literally the key

that opens the door we call the bass

clef in American English so remember

that you pay the bass cleft you play the

clarify the next I would like to move

over to

the the staff and the lines it's super

easy on chela because the top line the

highest line on the stave the highest

line on the ponte is your highest string

which is the a string or love the middle

line is the D string and the bottom line

is the g string it's super symmetrical

and super to remember anything that

exists like for instance on that line

that g line and up to that space right

below that middle line is played on the

g string anything exists on that middle

line the D and goes up to the space

right below the top line is played on

the D string and anything that exists on

that top line and happens above that is

played on the a string super simple

super symmetrical easy to remember now

those notes can occur on the lines or

the spaces just remember that and they

can have different shapes and remember

because all music is temporal and

measured by time we can understand that

these notes regardless of their shape

will have a sort of measurement by time

at the very top of our tree we have the

whole note and then we have the half

note the quarter note and the eighth

note is as if I'm dividing here I have a

dollar and every dollar divided in half

I have what two half dollars and when I

take one single half dollar and divide

that into half I have two quarters

that's the way it happens and so if I

were to think well how many quarters is

equal into a dollar well I have one to

four quarters right here sorry you can't

see it very well that's as simple as it

is and if you look at the french

definitions it's quite interesting you

have Haunt as in round four the whole

note Blanc as in white for the half note

noir for the quarter note and crush for

the eighth note quite interesting when

you add a dot next to any note you

increase it by half of its value if you

look at the second equation

have in the bottom-left corner you have

a half note which is I'll be

representing by this half dollar and

that half note is increased by half of

its value what is half of fifty a

quarter and so instead of writing this

all the time as you know a half note

plus a quarter note half note plus a

quarter note we can combine those two by

having it next to each other and simply

half note with a dot that's all that dot

means it increases the value of a note

by half of its value moving on over to

the seedless the time signatures every

one of those those boxes those squares

those are called measures those measures

have a value of time to them now how do

we know how long each of those measures

are and how to divide them up equally

we use the time signature we use the

Shifa the top number the three that you

see there is how many pulses are in the

measure and as you see that number is

three and the bottom number is what type

of note what quality of note equal that

pulse in this case it is a quarter note

so three pulses in the measure and

quarter notes equal it hence you have

three coordinates in the next example we

have a 2 in the numerator the 2 in the

top and that is how many pulses 2 pulses

per measure and the bottom again is the

quarter note so that is going to be 2

pulses and two quarter notes per measure

stay tuned for video number two and

we're going to get into a little bit

more about how to read music on the

cello thanks for watching