How To Paint A Room • Nifty 101

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a quality paint job is one of the least

expensive ways to judge up your space

and really transform your home but

there's a lot of intimidation when it

comes to painting a room what if I hate

the color what if I spill it

what if it takes all weekend painting

may seem like a lot of work but just

follow these simple steps and the next

time you paint might not seem so

daunting in this video I'm going to walk

you through everything you need to know

to achieve the perfect paint job we're

going to cover how to shop for paint and

design your space the brushes and

supplies that you'll need prepping your

space before you paint the detailed

step-by-step painting process and easy

cleanup and caring for your new walls

check out the time codes in the

description of this video if you want to

skip around to different topics and with

that let's get to it the first step is

to pick a color that fits your space

first choose your color family next once

you've picked a color family pick light

or dark if it's a large room you can

work pretty freely with either and maybe

play around with an accent wall but if

it's a small space you want to stick to

light colors or shades of white dark

colors will always add shadows and make

a room appear smaller whereas light

colors will make a room appear larger

next decide if you want the colors to be

bright or muted bright colors will have

more pop and energy whereas muted colors

are soft and homey so this is the room

that I'm gonna paint it's like my living

room dining room hybrid and for some

reason it's this awful blue color and

just looks like a very confused dorm

room I just can't live like this

so before you choose a color take into

account what is already inside of the

room what color is the furniture what

color is the floor can you see any other

rooms from this room in the case of my

room we can see the walls of the

adjacent room so we have to pick a color

that complements that wall color I'm

gonna go with a monochromatic theme here

and the best rule of thumb for that is

to pick one color and experiment with

different shades

since my adjacent room is pretty light

gray I'm gonna go with a dark grey for

this room it's gonna give it a nice

contrast and it's good to stick to the

same color family like all cool tones or

are all warm tones if you're mixing up

cool tones and warm tones it's gonna

look kind of weird paint stores will

often categorize these color families

for you into little pamphlets so you

don't have to do the dirty work I would

definitely suggest picking up a few

sample paints of some colors that you're

toying with because the worst thing is

when you paint half a wall and you stand

back and you look at it and you're like

I hate this

now that you've picked your color it's

time to pick a finish it can seem kind

of difficult to know which finish to

pick but they're actually all designed

for pretty specific things so paint

comes in six finishes flat matte

eggshell satin semi-gloss and high-gloss

flat and high gloss aren't super common

as they're both pretty extreme flat is

what you'll find in like a crappy

low-rent apartment I would only ever

recommend using flat if you're painting

a ceiling and high gloss is only going

to be found on a few embellishments like

doors or fences so let's stick to our

four common finishes for right now matte

eggshell satin and semi-gloss matte

paint will have no Sheen at all which

makes it durable against scuffs and dirt

however its rough finish makes it

difficult to clean and it isn't great

for high-traffic areas like hallways or

cabinets this one is also probably the

easiest to apply you'll notice shinier

enamels are much harder to work with and

a matte paint will just go on super

smoothly and no matter how messy you are

it's gonna dry and look perfect eggshell

is a nice flat look that's perfect for

walls but I wouldn't recommend using it

on anything else in your home it resists

dirt and grime a lot better than a matte

finish which makes it great for active

households and high-traffic areas like

hallways and kids rooms a satin enamel

is an all surface finish with durable

protection from dirt and grime it's got

very minimal shine and is great for

kitchen cabinets and bathrooms but

probably not quite durable enough for

something like a trim semi-gloss is what

you're going to use for things like

doors cabinets window shutters and trim

it's extremely durable and resist stains

moisture and we're making it a great

exterior finish as well it is more

likely to pick up hand grease and oils

but its shine also makes it very easy to


like a flat or a mat wait since I'm

painting a living room I would normally

go with either a mat or an eggshell

finish but I'm gonna go with matte

because I like the look of it and I

don't have a very active household when

you're buying paint the general rule is

that one gallon will roughly cover 400

square feet so just multiply the length

and height to get the square footage of

each wall and for the trim you usually

can get away with one quart for any

regularly sized room before you're ready

to paint make sure you have all the

right materials the first question to

ask is do you need primer the answer to

that most of the time is probably not

primer is only really needed when you're

painting over bare drywall stained or

repaired areas high gloss finishes or

like drastic color changes so unless

you're going from midnight black to

pearly white skip the primer

you'll also need painters tape there are

a million different kinds but I stick to

the basics honestly they're all the same

a 3.5 inch angled latex brush it's about

12 to 15 dollars but it's well worth it

and will do a much better job than any

cheap brush which tends to be streaky

and make weird textures it will also

hold more paint than a cheap brush and

it makes it easier to cut straight lines

which is super super important when

you're painting a wall a roller with a

nap cover depending on the texture you

want there are different types of nap

covers use 3/8 inch for smooth surfaces

1/2 inch for semi smooth surfaces 3/4 of

an inch for rough surfaces and a 1 and

1/4 inch for very rough textured

surfaces a 1/2 inch is the most commonly

used nap cover and pretty standard for a

basic wall so that's what we're gonna go

with today a two to four-foot extendable

roller pole trust me this will make your

life so much easier you will also need a

stepladder a drop cloth a cutting bucket

you should never work directly out of a

paint can you're more likely to spill it

and if something falls in like dust or

dirt you've pretty much ruined the whole


it's also just easier to carry around

you'll need a paint tray and some

disposable paint tray fillers the

fillers aren't necessary but they

definitely help with easy cleanup

because when you're done you can just

throw them away

spackle pry

sandpaper and a putty knife I know I

just said you probably don't need primer

but we're gonna get to that in a second

now that you've purchased your paint and

supplies it's time to prep the space

sometimes this part takes longer than

actually painting the room which can be

annoying but trust me it is worth it

first wear an outfit that you really

don't care about it's going to get messy

then take everything out Furniture wall

art carpets take it all no matter how

careful you are paint tends to splatter

and get on nearby things and that's sex

so don't do that you'll want to remove

any outlet covers and switch plates and

cover them up with some painters tape

give your space of good cleaning vacuum

the corners dust off the trim get rid of

any cobwebs realize how much of a slob

you truly are this is always an

eye-opening moment for me then lay down

a drop cloth then spackle up any holes

in your wall from nails or screws or

scuffs whatever something that I like to

do is scoop a tiny bit of spackle into a

plastic bag and then poke a hole in it

this makes kind of a handy little

dispenser and it makes it much easier to

get this Bakkal out all you have to do

is squeeze it plop a little dab on your

finger and push it into the hole on the

wall generally that will be like the

perfect amount that you need and then

you can just glide on over it with a

putty knife easy peasy

once this tackle is dry sand it down I

recommend using one of these little

sanding sponges they're pretty neat seal

the spot with primer to ensure the

finished coat goes on nice and smooth

primer is necessary to make sure the

paint will adhere to the surface instead

of soaking into the wall now for the fun


it's time to paint pop open your paint

can with a flathead screwdriver and

let's get started if you're working with

more than one can of paint the best

practice is to mix it all together in a

five-gallon bucket this process is

called boxing sometimes the color

mixtures can be slightly inconsistent

and you don't want to end up with two

different colored walls if you're

painting an entire room work from the

outside in ceiling first then trim walls

last since today I'm just painting the

walls let's cover up the baseboards with

painters tape a big misconception is

that you have to cover the entire room

with tape the windows the corners the

ceiling but it's honestly a waste of

time and it ends up looking sloppy the

pros don't use tape so neither should

you unless you really need it it's okay

we'll just cover up the baseboards to

avoid any drips and if you really feel

the need to use tape everywhere I won't

judge just press the tape down with a

plastic putty knife to make sure none of

the paint seeps through because that

always happens and it's just the worst

you want to work from the outside in

starting with the ceiling cut then the

corners then the baseboards and then

fill in the walls with a roller at last

pour some paint into your cutting bucket

and dip your paintbrush about a third of

the way in generally two fingers with

tap it on the sides to get any excess

paint off and do not scrape it the best

way to hold the brush is kind of like a

pencil like this that allows you to have

nice Swift movements and hopefully keep

a steady hand paint with smooth strokes

and feather out the edges to prevent

runs it's good to brush about four

inches down from the ceiling before

going in to cut because you don't want

it to go on too thick you want to cut a

hair into the ceiling because if you

leave a tiny line unpainted it's going

to be very visible from down below but

if you go slightly over it it's very

hard to notice

fun fact and you also don't need to

obsess over making it perfectly

unbelievably straight because up close

you'll definitely notice but as soon as

you step down those tiny imperfections

are going to be very very hard to see

there definitely are parts of this

process that do require close attention

to detail but this is just not one of

them continue cutting all around the

rest of the edges only do one wall at a

time or even half a wall if it's a

biggie because it needs to be slightly

wet when you apply the roller so that

they seamlessly fit together

generally the texture of a paintbrush is

going to be different from the texture

of a roller so you want them to kind of

gradient into each other and that's not

really gonna happen if one of them is

dry for the coronaries use more paint

than you think

coroner's tend to be thirsty if you

really feel the need to use tape you're

like I can't do this my hands are shaky

I don't trust myself it's cool

I get it just

use the tape as more of a guideline

don't like paint all over it like a

madman cuz I guarantee you that is going

to leak everywhere once the edges are

painted it's time to break out the

roller dip just a little bit into the

paint and roll it across the pan to even

it out resist the urge to submerge the

entire roller so the general role is

that you lay it on and then you lay it

off what this means is paint the entire

wall and just get it all on there you

don't really need to be super precise

because once it's completely covered

you're gonna go over it one more time to

spread it all out evenly which is called

laying it off you don't need to dip the

roller in paint again to lay it off just

to use whatever paint is left over on

the roller so here I'm laying it off the

paint is still wet there's some paint

residue on my roller but it is an

entirely soaked and I'm just going up

and down in straight lines side by side

slightly overlapping each time and don't

worry about these lines as the paint

dries they will disappear try to go slow

to avoid paint splatters take your time

to get the best results this is the

sound that you want to hear


it's not too saturated and not too bad

reloads the paint frequently instead of

pressing harder to get more paint out of

it this can cause drips and give it a

weird texture which we don't want after

reloading start painting again about

half a rollers with the way then spread

it out in either direction this will

make sure you aren't overlapping too

much paint at a time turn the roller

sideways to get tough spots like under

the windows or a half wall like this one

most of the time you will need two coats

but it really depends on the paint once

you're totally done let it dry and make

sure you remove the tape within one or

two hours to prevent it from adhering to

the wall if you need to take a break in

the middle of your painting session

don't freak out and feel the need to

clean everything just cover your bucket

hammer shut your paint cans and don't

waste time cleaning your roller because

it honestly takes forever instead just

cover it up in plastic wrap or shove it

in a tight plastic bag and it will be

perfectly fine in there for several days

to clean your brushes run the brush

under warm water and thoroughly scrub it

out use a slop sink if you have one

because it's gonna get messy you can use

dish soap to help get the paint out and

you can get a cleaning brush tool to

really clean the paint from the bristles

but make sure you reshape the brush

before you let it dry otherwise it's

gonna dry all weird and wonky to clean

the roller just run it under water and

squeeze out any excess paint this may

take up to like 10 to 20 minutes but you

really want to get all the paint out of

there you could also get a 5 in 1 tool

from the hardware store which is just

this weird hook thing and it will scrape

all the paint off honestly a lot of

people just throw away their rollers

instead of dealing with the extra work

but it is possible I swear to you once

they're clean store them upright to dry

once your walls are completely clean put

the room back together again

get some new decorations maybe a throw

pillow that matches your new wall and

enjoy your new space