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Nikon D3200 Users Guide



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jared polin froknowsphoto.com and this

is your free users guide for the nikon

d3200 camera setup that most of you guys

may have picked up if you are watching

this video so if you did pick up a nikon

d3200 or you are thinking of picking one

up shortly this is a great free guide

for you to figure out the ins and outs

the basics how you should set not how

you should set the camera but

suggestions for how you could set the

camera based off of how I use the camera

myself so when you get this camera it's

going to be the body and the lens and so

we should start with the basics and then

we're going to run through the menu

settings what to do for still images

what to do for video images and we're

going to have all the menus popping up

on the screen so it makes it easier for

you to visualize and go through your

camera at the same time that we're going

through the camera right here so from

the very onset you're going to take the

camera out of its box and just the

basics of putting a lens on I know it

may sound simple for some people but the

very first time you try to put a lens on

it can be confusing I know I had trouble

with it at the very beginning because

you just don't know what you're doing so

basically you have your lens you have

your camera right on the side of the

camera you have a white dot on the lens

you have a white dot

so you gently put the two together you

line up the dots then you turn it

towards you or towards the center of the

camera and you were here hear this click

listen again there's that click to take

the lens off if you have multiple lenses

you hold the release button right here

and then you twist the opposite

direction and then remove the lenses

just like that you never want to touch

anything inside this camera you always

want to turn the camera off when it

comes to taking lenses on and off that

just saves your camera for having dust

go in there because there is a sensor in

the back and what happens is it

statically charged and power basically

control in some dust so it's a good

practice to turn off the camera

before you change lenses so we put the

lens back on

click boom down on the bottom on the

underneath portion you have where your

battery is going to go always make sure

that you have your battery fully charged

when you're going to shoot even if you

you don't think you're going to go shoot

try to charge it up because you never

know when you're going to grab your

camera and you're going to need to take

video of the kids or video of whatever

you're doing or stills and you want to

have the most juice in this thing for

whenever you go shoot it's also a good

recommendation to pick up a second one

because if you're traveling and

something happens to the first battery

you actually have a backup which is a

good thing to put it in you've got this

orange clip you just slide it right in

boom you hear the click shut the door

and there you go it's simple like that a

little further around the camera you

have the door for your SD card you just

press it pull it towards you and the

door flips open just like that you have

your SD card there is only one way to

put it in there and I believe there

should be a picture on here somewhere

which I can't see but goes in there one

way you hear the click it's in you'll

see a green light go on in the back

never force anything with cameras you

know it's not good to force it just in

case something breaks but the card goes

in there some good card recommendations

you want to look for a class a faster

class card you've got class two four six

you have eight I don't even know if

there's an eight but there's a ten so

they're faster cards the reason you

would want a faster card is because if

you're doing 1080 video which is high

quality video it's it's a larger file

and it basically writes to the camera

writes to the card quicker and if you

have a slower card you may not be able

to utilize the full potential of the

camera also when you're transferring

files to the computer it's going to

transfer much quicker

I do recommend using a card reader

opposed to plugging the camera into the

computer to go ahead and transfer the

files so that's some basic information

right there also to turn it on it's

pretty simple you flick the switch you

go from off to on everything lights up

it like powers on not like a not like a

DeLorean but it's still it's still there

that's that's the very basics what else

do we have here with the basics not much

more really batteries card

and putting the lens on there so coming

up right after I take a quick second

we're going to go through the basics set

up or just the basics of the dial what

do all of these things mean and what do

all of these buttons mean and there were

going to have it so now we've gone

through the basics of just how to put

the lens on and turn it on and all that

good basic information what do these

things mean on the dial many of you will

get the camera and you'll see the guide

mode

you've got auto mode these are the two

modes that basically you put your camera

on there if you want the camera to do

all of the work for you you don't want

to think about what you're doing other

than point shoot and let the camera do

the work that's what the auto mode is

and that's what the guide mode is if

you're looking to further yourself and

go beyond those you start to break into

the other end of the dial which we'll

get into in a second you've got a very

important function right here you've got

the lightning bolt with a no sign

through it that is for when you do not

want the flash to pop up say you're in a

environment where they take no flash and

what's happening in the green mode the

let's see I got to turn it on you see

how the flash pops up automatically well

let's go into that flash mode with the

no sign press the button again it's not

popping up so that's something simple to

keep in mind that if you do not want to

use flash you're not allowed to use

flash just go into that mode the camera

is still going to be in full auto and do

all of the work for you

but the flash won't pop up next on there

you've got the lady with the hat on

that's like a portrait you're doing it

you're going to do that's portrait mode

so basically in these preset modes the

camera is going to do all the work for

you it's going to set the autofocus it's

going to set the shutter speed aperture

and ISO it's pretty much doing

everything for you

- the presets that the camera has so if

you're not comfortable to get out of the

auto modes then by all means stay in

them and just utilize the pictures for

whatever you're going to shoot it's

going to be a good starting point and

you're going to get pretty good pictures

out of it because the camera knows

pretty much what it's going to do for

you so right there we've got the lady

then after that you have the mountains

so that's for landscapes if you're

shooting something the Rocky Mountains

things at a distance the

is gonna set everything for a landscape

landscape type photo then you've got the

kid with the Hat it's like we I'm a kid

and I have a hat on and then that's if

you want to shoot the kids then you got

the running man mode obviously that's

sports so if you're shooting sports

moving subjects powerboats car races

people running around the sports mode

the Running Man that's a good mode to be

in for that followed by that you've got

the little flower that's good for taking

macro shots now when I say macro shots

that doesn't mean that it's going to

turn your lens into a macro lens that

gets into more detail in other videos

but you know it's just meant to say look

this is if you're going to shoot

close-up shots it's going to work with

your aperture it's going to change your

aperture and your shutter speed to where

it should be to shoot these type of

files it may even make your images more

vibrant because there are picture

settings that are changing in these

scenarios then we've got another

important mode that's the person with

the it looks like a star in the

background that's nighttime portrait

what's going to happen there is you may

use the flash and if you shoot a picture

at night with there some other light

being around and you pop the flash it's

going to balance the light forward and

back and you may get some nice-looking

shots in that mode now we get to the the

manual setting modes you've got the PS a

and M P stands for program pretty much

program doesn't stand for professional

but it stands for program it's basically

Auto all over again but now when you put

it in the P even though the camera

setting just about everything for you in

terms of shutter speed aperture you now

have independent control over ISO you're

also unlocking different menu settings

that you now have control of that when

you're in auto you don't have control of

those menu settings so that's what P

lets you do it lets you access those

menu settings it's kind of like Zelda

when you find a hidden place and you put

that bomb on that second Rock in and

then it opens up and you get like hearts

and stuff it's kind of like that you

unlock some mystery in the menu going

through we've got s what is s s is

shutter priority what this means is you

set the shutter speed and the camera is

going to set the aperture so if you want

to say I want to shoot everything at one

500th of us

second you lock it on that the camera is

going to constantly change to determine

what the aperture should be to keep that

same shutter speed then on the other end

you've got aperture priority you set the

aperture to where you want it to be and

the cameras going to set everything else

if you want to set everything

independently your manual said you have

manual settings you're going to set your

aperture you're going to set your

shutter speed and that's how you're

going to get your images for when you

take them

so really the PSA and M modes they are

great modes to be in when you want full

control of your camera and full control

of all the settings and menu options

that's where I live most of the time

well actually I live there all the time

I don't use any of the auto modes in

these cameras but again it's ok if you

just want to shoot and get great

pictures and you use the auto modes

there's nothing wrong with doing that if

you want to take that next step and go

beyond the auto modes don't forget you

can check out the beginner's guide that

I do offer the froknowsphoto beginner's

guide that will help you get out of auto

and take that next step to learning all

of your auto sorry learning all of your

manual settings so that runs us around

the top dial that should make sense

really if you're just looking to let the

camera do all the work leave it in the

green auto mode if you want to get out

of that try seeing what happens in

aperture priority and shutter priority

you're going to get the same options but

later on we're going to go through the

menu system to explain all of the

different menu options coming up right

now we're going to talk about the

different buttons inputs and what they

do on your camera I'm sure some of you

are sitting there wondering what does I

shoot raw mean well camera shoot raw and

there's a lot more information on that

in a whole bunch of different places as

you'll see I have a ton of different

shirts that say I shoot raw if you would

like to pick up a nice you roll yourself

a nice URL shirt or fro gear or lens

cloths

don't forget to check out store dot

froknowsphoto.com for all of the

offerings in the fro store so here we go

buttons on the camera there's a lot of

them it may be scary but it's really not

that scary first things first we talked

about the on and off switch you flick it

on it's on what is this silver button

right here

well this

button right here is how you take a

picture you press it fully it's going to

take a picture and this is how you

autofocus and get your focus to change

you hold it halfway down it becomes a

feel type of thing if you hold it

halfway down you'll see that the cameras

focusing inside when your focus is on

you press the button boom it takes a

picture so that is your shutter release

it focuses and it allows you to take the

picture next to there you've got a

plus/minus button really that that's

going to change what they call exposure

compensation that is not something that

I use too often but it is something that

comes in handy when you get out of auto

mode when you get into something like

manual mode by holding down this button

you're going to be able to change your

aperture we'll probably talk about that

more that's a little more advanced so

while we just move through all these

different buttons

you've got the info button when you

press the info button what happens is it

turns on the back of the camera and it

shows you all of the settings that your

camera currently has so that's the info

button next to that you see a red dot

that is record that is what you use when

you're recording video that's how you

start the video and that's how you stop

the video moving across the front of the

camera again you see something that's a

little light this is a focus assist lamp

what that means is in low-light

situations the cameras have trouble

focusing so if you want to get be able

to focus in low-light situations you

leave the focus lamp on and what happens

is it becomes bright and it lights up

that person so that the focusing system

can focus on the person or subject that

you're shooting I personally turn this

off because it becomes a distraction in

low-light situations everybody knows

that you're shooting pictures and it

becomes a distraction to the subject so

you may want to turn that off and I will

show you how to do that in the menu

system coming across to the other side

of the camera you see something that

looks like a lightning bolt what that's

going to do is pop up the flash that

pops it up it's an electronic flash so

it pops up when you press that button

there's also a secondary function here

you see a plus/minus there if you hold

that

button in you're going to see in the

future that you can control flash

compensation you can make the flash be

more powerful or you can pull back on it

and have it have less light again a

little more complicated we're going to

get to that somewhere down the road on

the very top of the camera you have a

hot shoe it's a hot shoe because that is

where your and external flash goes or in

this day and age a microphone can sit up

here but the flash shoe all those

different silver dots right there that's

how it connects to your flash and then

the flash talks to your camera to give

you the right exposures and all of the

good stuff like that right under that

flash button you've got it f n button

that's function it comes preset that

when you hold the function button it

allows you to change your ISO now you

have different options where you can

change that and we're going to get to

that in the menu we have that white dot

again that's how we put the light we

lined up the white dots to put the lens

on the camera moving to the top of the

camera here you see what looks like a

speaker I believe that is that yep

that's the speaker and in front of there

those three dots that is the microphone

right above the D 3200 so that's where

the audio is going to be picked up when

you are shooting video we've talked

about the lens release button that's

what you press when you're switching

lenses take it on take it off line the

white dots up boom click the button

you're good to go let's go through the

side of the camera and see what the

inputs are we have a microphone input if

you were doing audio recording and you

want to get solid audio not from the

built-in microphone which mate which

mostly sounds like you're in a tin can

then you will get an external microphone

you can pick up wired ones or wireless

ones plug it into here and now your

camera is going to pick up great crisp

and clean audio that is one of my

recommendations if you are going to

shoot a lot of video and do interviews

and want to pick up better audio then

you should consider picking up an

external microphone then you have

a this is the oh I should look inside

here oh I should look on there that is

your USB and your AV out so your camera

comes with two cables in there one is

for USB you connect it to the computer

you can offload images that way or it

also comes with a video cable which

allows you to plug it into a TV so you

can see everything that is happening on

your camera on your TV below that you

have an HDMI I believe that's a mini

HDMI that's if you want to pre show your

footage and photos back on a TV and

below at the very bottom there is a GPS

place you can put a GPS device in here

nikon makes it it will basically every

time you take a picture and as long as

you're connected to the satellite will

record that information the GPS location

information in your file so you can see

it pop up on Google Maps it's a pretty

cool function right there you have on

the back here and IR detector that's for

a remote so that you can trigger the

camera with a remote let's go down the

back so we have the triangle sideways

looking triangle that's a play button

you press that to preview your images

and the images pop up on screen below

there you've got the menu system that's

the menu button that's how you get into

all the different functions and you can

make all the changes then you have a

magnifying glass you use that to zoom in

on the images when after you've taken

them or - during video before you start

recording you can zoom in to help you

focus below that you have a minus button

sorry a magnifying glass with a minus in

it instead of a plus obviously that

means you can go the other way and then

tied in with that as a sub option you

see a question mark there if you aren't

sure about something in your camera you

can press that question mark and it's

not going to tell you what to do audibly

but if you are in the menu system and

something and you see a question mark

come up on the bottom of the screen when

you press that when you press the

magnifying glass minus button it's going

to bring up basically the menu what the

function of whatever you're looking at

in the menu and it's going to define it

for you that's a great function it's not

just about all Nikon camera

it's a great thing below there you've

got the info button that's the second

info button you have one on the back of

the camera one on the top of the camera

and the info button is a very powerful

tool when you select it it allows you to

independently change a lot of the

functions without having to go into the

menu system we're going to get into that

in a video in the next segment and one

of the next segments coming up so that

you can see what the options are that

you have to change this is your screen

it's protected by a piece of plastic you

can buy you know plastic screen

protectors that's up to you I personally

don't use one I just keep it clean use a

lens cloth and you're good to go moving

across the side of the camera you now

have a trash can button that's how you

delete your pictures you will have to

press it once and it will ask you are

you sure you want to delete this picture

then you hit either the trash can again

which deletes it or you hit any other

button which will get you out of the

option of deleting your files because if

you're a good recommendation is don't

delete pictures in the camera just in

case you accidentally delete everything

or one of the greatest shots you ever

took be careful with that then you have

what looks like three try three squares

lined up that is a button that you're

going to press to give you the option to

change from single frame multiple frame

that's how you can shoot the boom

boom-boom-boom the four frames a second

you can press the button and then go to

those different options it also gives

you the ability to set a timer and a

remote timer and we'll get into those

when we get into the menu then you've

got your up up down down left right left

right B a B a start menu

those are your jog dials that's how you

get around the camera that's how you

change your focusing points it has an OK

button in the middle which is like an

enter button then moving up to the top

you have a live View button that is how

you turn on that flips the mirror out of

the way that's how you get into video

mode and it's auto focusing in my hand

right now and I'm going to turn that off

because it's moving around but that's

how you get into Live View mode to shoot

video some people will use live view to

shoot photos I definitely don't

recommend that for multiple reasons one

the camera will become shaky when you

hold it out here like this

and really the best thing to do is to

look through the view

and shoot your pictures that way moving

up to the back top of the camera you

have a dial that you turn this is the

command dial that's going to change your

shutter speed it's going to give you the

ability to change your aperture it's

going to give you the ability to change

just about anything you're looking to do

that is tied in with turning this dial

next to that you see a button that says

AEL and AFL one is auto focus lock and

one is auto exposure lock you can also

set this button to do a bunch of

different things and also for those who

wear glasses there is a diopter you can

turn this diopter while you're looking

through I'm holding the camera properly

by the way I didn't say that earlier

proper way to hold the camera put the

hand right here put the other hand

underneath don't go like this this is

not a good way to hold the camera it's

not sturdy it's not stable and it also

doesn't look good you want to look good

when shooting pictures so this is how

you do it just like that

so that's the button that's yeah you've

got your diopter right there if you wear

glasses then it's good to look through

here make sure you're looking at

something focused turn the diopter until

everything looks clear to you moving to

the front of the lens the side of the

lens you see something that says a and M

when it's in a that's autofocus with you

want to ever manually focus you switch

it to M and the camera will no longer do

the auto focusing for you you will have

to do all of the focusing yourself

switch that back then you have on and

off for VR that's vibration reduction

that's going to allow you to hand hold

your camera at slower shutter speeds

allowing you to basically get a sharp

subject now keep in mind it's not going

to freeze a subject that is running at

slow shutter speeds it's going to keep

everything else nice and sharp so it's

great for shooting inanimate objects if

you have a little bit of hand shake and

a little bit of stuttering of just going

like this then the vibration reduction

may come in handy for you and then the

simple thing how do we zoom a camera you

just turn the zoom ring and again this

is how you should hold it just rotate

the thumb and the forefinger and that's

going to zoom

your camera for you now I know that this

is a lot of information to put through

the mind the first time you pick up the

camera but don't forget you can come

back to this any time it's a free users

guide on the D 3200 just for you guys

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forget to go and do that so you can get

all the latest information and that free

book so let's get into the menu system

this is a good stuff we're going to

start at the very top of the playback

menu that's the first menu at the very

top and what I'm going to go through now

is the settings that I think you know

well the settings that I would use in a

camera and I'm going to try to explain

them and you can determine if they're

the right settings for you so we've got

the playback menu to move in the menu I

just hit over it's pretty intuitive you

just you just do it it kind of feels

right and what you'll notice is from

camera to camera to camera they all work

about the same so if you've ever worked

the menu systems and in any kind of

devices they kind of work the same

you're not going to really mess up

anything by playing around so you see

something that says delete it says

delete and what does it really mean

delete all selected or delete all or

select an image protect images protected

images will not be deleted so basically

what this is telling us that you can

delete selected images from the camera

or you can select certain images from a

date and delete them or delete all I

personally don't even delete anything in

the camera so again I wouldn't delete

anything in the camera it's important

that after you do a photo shoot you

offload your pictures to the computer

you save them on CDs you save them on

external hard drives you want to have at

least two copies of everything and not

on the same hard drive it's a great

thing to do right off the bat to get

into the habit

of having multiple backups one on a

computer one on an external hard drive

maybe even one in the cloud somewhere so

keep those things in mind so moving down

we've got the playback folder that's

another thing you're not going to touch

you just leave that alone

playback display options additional

photo input says additional photo info

this is good this what this means is

when you're going to play back your

images there's different information

that can pop up on the screen and we're

going to look at that right now

we've got none image only this is good

if you want to just see the image

without any obstruction you don't want

it and this is when your playback when

you're previewing the image you don't

want to see any of the other information

like the time it was taken the lenses

that were used any blink emic blink

ursins and we'll see about those in a

second but that just shows the picture

itself on the screen if you want to

change these you just hit you hit OK or

you hit over and that allows you to

select the X or select the box and then

what you can do up top is you can click

done and that locks in the changes

you've got highlights what this means is

if a picture doesn't have any data

there's loss of data in the in a certain

area you're going to see blinky blinkers

they're going to blink at you on the

back of the camera that means there's no

data in that highlight area it's

considered to be blown out it may not be

a bad thing but if you see that it's too

bright across the whole image or the

entire image you may want to consult a

professional or just go back into the P

mode or auto mode and it's going to help

you figure out what to do next RGB

histogram not something I look at I

would leave it off all the time

shooting data this is important I like

to see how the picture was shot what was

the shutter speed what was the aperture

what was the ISO it's a great way to

learn how to get out of auto is by

seeing what the settings are in the

camera that were taken to make that

specific image overview I have to hit

the question mark cuz I don't remember

what overview means let me hit overview

images are shown with shooting down at

data and histogram that's one I leave on

that's not a bad one I'm not going to

get into what the histogram does but

it's good to see the image it will come

up smaller you probably see a picture of

it on the screen it comes up smaller and

and you've got all that other data there

for you

then we've got transition effects back

in the menu I leave these off it's kind

of there's no reason to have a slideshow

where it slides like you're sliding

across because you can't touch and move

it because it's not a touchscreen

I don't want Suman fade because it's not

a show I just want to preview the images

when you use these slide and zoom in it

takes longer to load the cameras because

it's got to run a transition load the

images that you're trying to look at so

I just leave that off I hit OK that's no

longer on now moving into the shooting

menu which looks like a camera

you've got reset shooting menu that's

going to reset all of the settings that

you've prior set or if you think you've

messed it up it's going to set it back

to the default setting so you may not

want to do that unless you are sure you

want to do that then we have what's

called picture control when you go into

picture control you've got standard

neutral vivid monochrome portrait and

landscape these picture controls are

different options different settings for

your images if you're shooting in the

JPEG mode meaning if it says it's going

to be neutral that means the colors and

the tones are going to be pretty flat

when you get into vivid that means

they're going to pop if you're shooting

landscapes the greens are going to pop

the Blues are going to pop the sky is

going to pop well that would be blues

unless it's Purple's or oranges but the

things are going to pop you get the

point

monochrome if you want to shoot black

and white in the camera that's going to

throw out all the color detail and if

you're shooting in JPEG you'll never be

able to get that color information back

once you take the picture I personally

shoot in RAW and when you shoot in R all

you have all of the color information

all of the data to go back and work with

later so that's why I shoot everything

in RAW portraits it's just another

preset for basically it's going to set

your sharpening your contrast your

brightness your saturation and your hue

so that's something to keep in mind if

you don't really know how you want to

set it you could set it to standard

another function of the picture control

is that it this also affects your video

when you're shooting video you can

change the picture control to tell it if

you want it to be vibrant

if it's people so you can choose all

that because that's going to going to

affect your video below there you've got

image quality the options you have are

Neph which is raw nikon electronic

format i believe is what they call it

and are aw you can shoot raw plus JPEG

which is going to take up more space on

your card because it's going to shoot a

raw plus JPEG fine

that's the highest resolution JPEG as

well as a raw file

I personally leave it in RAW myself just

raw only no JPEGs but when you're just

starting out it may be a good option to

shoot in JPEG raw raw plus JPEG so that

you have the raw files for when you feel

more comfortable with them in the future

you may not know why you shoot RAW now

but it would be a great thing to have

those files for when you fully

understand how it works to go back to

them later and not just have the JPEG

I'll do a quick explanation of raw verse

JPEG consider think of baking a cake if

you burn a cake you've mixed the eggs

you've mixed the flour the oil and

you've stirred it and you mixed it and

you cooked it what happens if you burn

the cake can you start back over with

the raw ingredients no because you've

already cooked them they're gone if you

have a raw file and you over process it

and and something goes wrong and you did

something wrong can you go back yes

because you have the raw file you can

start at zero again start fresh and

rebake it so one's a baked file and one

is raw ingredients so there's that I

wouldn't shoot in JPEG basic normal if

you're going to shoot JPEG and JPEG

alone shoot in the highest resolution

JPEG because you can't go up in

resolution but you can always go down in

resolution moving on image size if we

were just to shoot RAW sorry JPEG you

now have the option of shooting large

medium or small I would leave it in

large that's the you're going to use the

full power of the 24 millimeter 24

megapixel sensor in the camera that's

going to give you the largest JPEG file

which is a 24 point 1 megabyte file

that's a lot of data but I'll I like I

said you can always go down

in size you can't go back up once you

shoot at a lower resolution then you

have white balance

I personally leave this in Auto this is

one thing that the camera does really

well is select the white balance you

don't really want to bother with it and

another good thing about shooting raw is

that you can change the white balance

after the fact determining based on what

the scene is you don't have to worry

about it now

ISO sensitivity you can set your ISO the

lower the number think of the brighter

the situation if there's a ton of light

could be the lower the number if there's

not a lot of light you're going to bump

it up to the higher ISO s like 6400 and

3200 again the froknowsphoto beginner

guide will explain all of the ISO s you

can click on the screen where you see

that box at any time to see more

information about picking that up

you can also set auto ISO which if you

put that on the camera is going to

automatically set select your ISO based

on whatever setting you're in so that's

okay if you want the camera to do all

the work that's braised basically what

it's going to do in full auto for you

anyway is select the ISO for you active

d-lighting that's something that I turn

off personally you can see what I'll

just read it to you what it says

improves the level of detail in the

highlights and shadowy Riyaz under high

contrast conditions it's something that

I personally leave off Auto distortion

control is another thing that I leave

off a lot of this stuff you can either

correct later or it's just not worth

worrying about color space you've got

srgb and Adobe RGB again I personally

leave it in srgb and when you shoot RAW

it doesn't matter what mode you're

shooting because it has all of the color

data noise reduction when you're

shooting slow shutter speeds or at high

ISO s you're going to see noise and

grain basically noise reduction is going

to try to negate that it's going to

nullify it it's going to make it seem

less so that's a function that I have on

AF area mode selection you've got single

point we're going to get into more

detail about that when we get into the

different settings for the camera built

in AF assist illuminator I leave that

off if you don't this is what happened

let's see will it work for me let's see

can I get it to come on wait let me let

me see if I did this right

I have built-in AF assist illuminator

it's on let me change this real quick

nope I can't cheat it to get it to come

on right now oh well so it's not going

to come on it's not listening to me I

leave it off anyway metering you've got

matrix metering you've got

center-weighted metering and you have

spot metering again the froknowsphoto

beginner guide will explain each one of

those but for the time being the one of

the best modes to leave it in is matrix

because that's how your camera is going

to meter the scene it's going to read

the brightest and the darkest and give

you the average setting for your meter

movie settings so different options for

movie settings you've got 1920 by 1080

30 frames a second then you've got the

same thing 24 frames a second which is

very cinematic it's a good mode to use

if you don't want it to well it looks

like movies it looks really good then if

you're shooting something that's moving

fast and you want to then use it in slow

motion later then you can use something

like 12 1280 by 720 at 60 frames a

second that is a mode that you want to

use if you want to do slow motion in the

computer then you've got the 640 by 4 24

that's a really low resolution mode I

probably would never use that one myself

movie quality I shoot it in high why

shouldn't anything other than the best

quality you can again you can always go

down in quality after you've got the

highest but you can't go from low

quality to high quality after that then

we have movie quality I got to put it

back to high quality I don't want it on

that microphone I leave the microphone

sensitivity on the auto for most of the

time because the camera is pretty good

at doing that but you do have the

options of selecting it manually and you

can even turn the microphone fully off

move and then you have the option of

setting manual settings for movies you

can control the shutter speed and

mature independently a lot of people are

just going to shoot it with auto modes

so this is a function that you're going

to want to learn and practice with a

little more then coming up on the end of

this menu we've got flash control for

built-in flash TTL and manual really a

lot of information is needed to explain

all that I will just leave it in TTL

myself so now we're going to get into

the setup menu this is an important menu

there's a lot of options in here so

let's run through it

reset setup options obviously resets the

options format memory card this is an

important one if you want to reformat

your card what that means it's going to

delete everything it's going to wipe

your card clean even if you haven't

backed up your files you're going to

reformat it and what happens is it

deletes everything from your card

excuse me so you only do that here's my

recommendation after you're done taking

photos and videos you back it up to the

computer make sure that you have

multiple backups before you put the card

back in the camera but every time you go

and start a new photo shoot you should

wipe the card clean that and every time

you have a new card you should have it

reformat it in the camera so that the

camera talks to the card and they're

basically synced together it goes hey

card you're in my camera and it goes hey

camera I'm in your card stuff like that

so basically they're talking to each

other so every time you've backed

everything up it's already saved then

you should reformat the card every time

you go and start shooting again because

that's going to basically give you the

cleanest card and you won't have to

worry about old files just clogging up

space on the card monitor brightness you

can brighten it up to three stops and

you can make it darker up to three I

would leave it right in the middle to

give you a more accurate representation

of what the scene is going to look like

info display format I leave it in what's

called classic I like the classic blue

you've got blue you can see that you've

got black and you've got orange I find

the best one is the blue it's more easy

on the eyes personally and then you

graph the graphic mode I don't like the

graphic mode because it's kind of more

like a video game it's hard to tell what

each thing really is and that's why I

don't use that I stick with the classic

mode then we've got Auto info display I

turn this off because if you don't turn

it off what what this means is when you

press the shutter button the info screen

doesn't pop up so if it's on and you

press the shutter button what's

happening is the screen comes on it

shows you all the info but I find that

very distracting that the basically I'm

trying to look through the viewfinder

and the info is popping up on the screen

which is putting light back into my face

which is distracting when I'm trying to

shoot I don't like that so I don't use

that I turn that off that's a good

function I think to leave off clean

image sensor this is what's going to

happen when you think you have dust on

your sensor you go to clean you hit

clean now it cleans the camera I

wouldn't leave it on the option that is

below it that says clean at startup I

don't like that I don't want that on all

the time because it doesn't have to work

every time that's one more thing that

can fail in a camera from working way

too much I don't do that personally lock

mirror up for cleaning if you ever had

to get into the center this is something

that you want to take it to a store or

send it back the Nikon to do you want to

have them clean it so stay away from

locking up the mirror video mode

you've got pal and NTSC that's depending

on where you are in the world you select

that function for yourself HDMI output

resolution is on auto I leave it on auto

so it can figure it out and device

control on or off let's see flicker

reduction that's something I leave on

auto as well time zone and date very

important to set your time zone set the

date set the date format daylight saving

time on or off that's up to you but it's

important to get the proper date and

time because that saves the information

into every picture that you take it's

not going to be on it it's not going to

be burned into it but it's going to be

in the file so that you know when

everything was taken that's a great

thing to have language obviously you can

select any language you would like image

comment is good too so I'm going to go

through image calm comment and I'm going

to input my name and the reason I would

do this

I'll just put Jared for the time being

the reason you want to do this is you

could put copyright information so there

it is if you want to delete everything

you just turn the cursor dial and you

just select the trashcan a bunch of

times and that deletes it and you can

see as you move the cursor as you turn

it the square moves across the screen

and that's where the input goes so I

leave it I put my name in there jared

polin copyright and then my phone number

my email whatever I would like so then

for image comment if you want it to be

on you've got to go to attach comment

hit over scroll back up to done hit ok

now image comment will be on that will

be written into every single file auto

image rotation it may be off in the

camera I turn it on because what happens

is if it auto rotates and you shoot a

vertical they then it's going to take

the vertical and it's going to show it

to you on the screen smaller that's why

I like to have it auto rotation on so

that it automatically rotates my

vertical so I have to turn the camera to

look but it's using more screen real

estate to show me the full image so you

get a better idea of what it actually

looks like image Dustoff reference we're

going to skip it

auto off timers I leave it on normal you

can go in there and independently set

that if you would like self timer you

can set it to 2 seconds 5 seconds 10

seconds 20 seconds and the number of

shots you can set it between 1 and 9 so

if it's set to 1 and you take a shot

with the timer it then goes back to

regular mode but if you take one shot

and you set it to say 2 then you're

going to get one shot where the timer

goes off boom and then you can press the

button again and take the timer it's

going to go off again after the lot of

time that you selected remote duration

basically what this means and I'll read

it right from the camera is I select the

length of time the camera will wait for

a signal

from the remote before canceling remote

mode it's pretty self-explanatory you

have the beep I like having the focus

beep on when I'm in single focus and I

lock on something listen I have to get

into single focus not continuous listen

to this seriously I don't know why

that's oh maybe I turned it off see

these things do happen hear that beep

that's high beep that's low beep I like

leaving the beep on personally because

that allows me to that that allows me to

hear when I'm in focus and that's what I

prefer to have moving on range finder

skip that that's how you can focus if

you wanted to focus like a rangefinder

it will tell you to move the focus to

the right to the left until you have the

proper focus I leave that off file

number sequence I leave on this means

that you take ten pictures it's going to

give you the 1 through 10 then if you

were to take the cap that the card out

and put it back in to shoot again it

would start over at 1 again that's not

good because your images will overlap

each other so I like it to basically

always keep count so 1 through whatever

start again it's going to pick up right

where it left off buttons this is how

you can assign different function

buttons so right now I have the assigned

function button set to ISO you can have

it set to quality ISO white balance or

active d-lighting then assign the AEL or

AFL buttons

you've got AF I have it set to AF on but

you could do a e AF lock AE lock only AF

lock only AE lock hold there's lots of

options what this means is when you

press the AE button the AEL button on

the back I have it set to AF on that the

button is going to it's going to control

my auto focus slot empty release lock

what this means is if you don't have a

card in the camera it's not going to

shoot so you

can't make that mistake where you put

the card in and you chart shooting

pictures and it keeps shooting shooting

shooting and then you realize that you

never put a card in the camera so why

they even have this option here other

than for demo modes I don't know

I leave that on lock so let's show you

take the card out turn the camera on it

doesn't shoot a picture put the card

back in turn the camera on it takes a

picture because the card is in there

that's a function I would always leave

on lock then you've got print date print

date I leave on/off the reason I leave

on/off is I do not want to imprint any

information on to my file I don't knock

my file but the image you know when you

used to see those pictures and they have

that burn date on the bottom corner you

knew when it was taken that's not a good

thing you don't want that turned on in

your camera because you already have

your camera set to the right date you

can go back into the file in the

computer and see when it was taken don't

put that across the front unless you

really really want it or you need it I

wouldn't do that

storage folder leave that on D 3200 GPS

options then the firmware version not

much to worry about there and then the

last to set up you've got a retouch menu

I will say about that is don't use the

retouch menu you don't really want to be

doing Corrections on a three-inch screen

you want to do that in a computer so you

can make all of your changes there so

definitely I would stay out of there I

wouldn't retouch things in there and

then you've got the recent settings menu

will just show you the recent settings

that you have used so now let's take a

look at the info screen and how you can

control just about everything in the

camera without going into the menu

systems all from the info screen so here

we go we've got the info screen up

currently by hitting the info button and

the bottom of the camera and as you see

it is blue because that's how I've said

it so now we're going to take a look at

the info screen I'm going to show you

that you can control almost every aspect

of the camera or its functions its men

functions from the info screen without

having to go into the menu so first the

first thing I do is I hit the info

button and that pops up the info screen

now by hitting the button one more time

it creates this instead of the screen

being all blue it goes to gray and

highlights a different area so in this

case you can see that the yellow box is

at the top right under image quality so

if I want to change image quality I just

hit the ok button then I have my options

raw plus raw plus fine raw fine normal

and basic in this case I'm going to

leave it on raw fine which means I don't

change the large it's going to skip the

one other quality to auto to white

balance so now that we have white

balance we can see the other type of

white balance is that you can choose but

my recommendation is to leave it in auto

because that if you're shooting raw you

can make all those changes later now

another very important button here is

the ISO button so you can see there's

100 200 400 800 1600 3200 6400 and then

high one which is for extreme low light

situations that is to what 12,800 ISO

equivalent now it's not always

recommended that you go there it's going

to look very noisy and very very grainy

but as a quick tip you can see that the

pictures next to it are a good

representation of what you should be

shooting or what ISO you could be using

just use those pictures as an example of

that then we get to where you can see

the S this is release mode are you going

to shoot one frame which is this one

frame or are we going to change that to

the multiple frames which is going to

shoot like this that was four shots

right there also along with that you

have a timer so you we can set it to 10

seconds you hear it beeping what's going

to happen at the very end it's going to

be quicker and the flashing lights going

to you can see it you're ready

and it takes the picture so then we go

back in there and you've got the delayed

remote setting quick response remote and

then quiet hears quiet mode it turned

off the beep it's not very quiet but

that's quiet mode for you so I would

leave it in either single frame if

you're shooting objects that aren't

moving or something where you don't want

to motor drive or you can go into

continuous mode where as long as you

hold the button down you are going to

shoot continuous pictures now a

recommendation is that you don't spray

and pray which is taking a ton of

pictures and hoping that you get

something good don't hope no that you're

going to get something good so moving

down the list we've got where you can

see AF a AF s AF C and M F so AF a is

considered what do they call this they

call it Auto servo AF camera select

single servo AF basically the cameras

going to determine whether it should be

in continuous focus or single focus it's

an auto mode I don't recommend being in

there because I think it's better if you

select the setting yourself so that's

why you have the option for AF S which

is single meaning I'm going to lock in

on the camera you hear the beep and if I

move the focus is not shifting it's

locked in as long as I hold my finger

halfway down on the button the opposite

of that is continuous is I'm going to

lock in on the camera but as I move it

it's going to track it to the background

it's going to track the focus is going

to keep changing on whatever I'm

focusing on as long as my finger is held

halfway down so single focus is great

for objects that aren't moving and

people that aren't moving continuous

focus is for when you're shooting things

that are always moving you want to

continuously track it and focus it

holding the button halfway down the

shutter button and then pressing it when

you're ready to take the picture then

we've got the AF area mode you can do

single point AF you can do dynamic AF 3d

AF and Auto area

af I would recommend leaving it in

dynamic dynamic area AF now this is only

going to come into play when you are in

continuous focus what the dynamic area

AF is going to do is if you focus on

something in the middle and the subject

runs across the frame and jumps to the

left-hand side

the camera is going to use data

information from the other focusing

points to shift the focus to make sure

that it's still tracking the subject

that you would like and then the last

thing down here we have metering so you

have matrix metering which is going to

read the entire scene everything from

the brightest to the darkest and give

you an average reading then you've got

under that you have center-weighted

metering which is going to give you a

small center-weighted exposure this is

for when you're doing manual exposures

so if you wanted to focus on something

meter on something dark or something

bright something very small like for

example if I'm standing here and the Sun

is behind me and I want I don't want the

Sun to overpower the exposure

I would meter on my face which would

give me the exposure for what my face is

not for the entire scene that's what

matrix does the entire scene is matrix

spot metering is going to give you a

spot so wherever you put that dot is

where you're going to get your meter

reading what other important ones are

there and that's it and I'm not going to

go around the bottom anymore but looking

at the screen you can see you have your

shutter speed

you've got your f-stop you have your

meter you have the SDK what type of mode

you are in for picture mode you've got

that the audio is on you have your

focusing points and you have your

countdown as well as the battery power

that is for your camera so that is going

through the info settings and how you

can use the info button in the back to

pretty much get access to all of the

important information for changing

metering focusing shooting speeds and

different things along that line so now

let's take a look at the movie settings

and what you're going to look for in

Live View and what everything means

there how we do autofocus how we don't

do autofocus so let's

start here in the movie settings menu

and we've gone over this once before the

different options for how to shoot video

the different settings 1080 at 30 frames

a second you have 1080 at 24 you have

720 at 60 frames a second and then one

that's even lower than that that I don't

ever touch now if you're shooting some

sport where you want to slow something

down or you're doing some testing of

objects moving and you want to do slow

motion you're going to want to use

something like the 720 mode let's see

720 at 60 frames a second which is 1280

by 720 60 frames a second because the

more frames you have the cleaner it's

going to look when you slow it down in

the computer to give you slow motion

when I am shooting videos like this I am

shooting the current one that you're

watching at 1080 at 24 frames a second

it gives it more of a cinematic feel so

let's get into live view by hitting the

live view button when you hit the live

view button the screen is going to come

on and then you're going to basically

see the scene that you're looking at so

we're looking at the scene and as you

can see if you hit the info button you

have different options to choose from

you can change your ISO you can do your

image quality but we're shooting video

so you don't have to worry about that

auto white balance ISO release mode

doesn't matter and then you've got AF s

AF F and M F so in this case in video a

lot of times you want to manually focus

but if you want to do AF F that's the

basically all auto focus it's going to

determine what kind of focusing mode it

should use but you have AF single also

so in AF sorry it's AF follow focus by

the way we're going to go into AF follow

focus and as you can see on the screen

I've scrolled down to there's face

priority which is going to find the

person's face and it's constantly going

to track them on the screen

you've got wide area AF which is going

to select from a wider area and is

constantly auto focus normal area focus

which is going to norm just find a

smaller portion and then you have

subject tracking AF if you are looking

to track a subject what you're going to

see is that the camera as you move it is

going to have a box and it's constantly

going to search and find the subject

that is moving across the screen like if

I put my hand out here it's going to

find my hand and it's going to focus on

it and that's continuous autofocus now

it's not the greatest focus ever in the

world but it's an option that you can

use if you want to try it out some

things to be careful of you're going to

hear your microphone in the camera is

going to pick up the audio from the

autofocus which is going to not sound

too great unless you're going to dub

over other sound

that's why external microphones are

better because they don't pick up the

focus motors in the lenses that are

going to make the noise and kind of

interrupt the video that you're shooting

so that's pretty much it you get in the

Live View mode to shoot video you press

the record button you get 20 minutes of

video recording that's a lot of video

that's a lot of time so if you're done

shooting you can it excuse me you can

turn off recording to save battery power

because the more video shoot you shoot

the more battery life it's going to

change you can shoot this in aperture

priority shutter priority program you

can even shoot it in full-on auto mode

and it's going to select everything for

you a new feature that they added for

the camera that some of you may get into

is manually changing your exposure now

you know when we're changing the f-stop

using the the plus minus button when

we're shooting photos that will not

change your aperture when you're in Live

View mode shooting video or getting

ready to shoot video you can only change

your shutter speed so how do you change

your aperture you have to get out of

Live View mode then change your aperture

which I am doing right now and then you

go back in the Live View mode and it has

the corresponding aperture that you

selected so I know it's a little more

complicated the best recommendation is

to just constantly play with video

practice all the different settings that

are

offered for you just run through the

camera try each one out and get a better

understanding of how it works so there

you have it I think that's a pretty

comprehensive free users guide that I've

created on the Nikon d3200 we've gone

through the menus how to set up your

camera what each button does and walk

you straight through that I think it's a

great starting point but the best thing

that you can do is go out and shoot and

practice with your camera that is going

to be the best way that you are going to

get the most out of what your camera

offers so if you would like to pick up

the froknowsphoto beginner guide you can

click on the screen right now to get

more information to see what that user's

guide is all about but it's going to be

it's it's three hours worth of video

education in a user's guide that is very

very informative that's going to get you

out of auto and get you to start making

really really good images so if you are

interested in shooting raw and picking

up an ice shoot raw t-shirt check out

store dot froknowsphoto.com

and you can use code d 3201 word use

code D 3200 to get some extra special

goodies with your t-shirt order so

that's where we're going to leave it

that's the Nikon d3200 user's guide

jared polin froknowsphoto.com

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