Excavator Operation for beginners. ISO|SAE controls, parts of a machine.

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six helping hand Neil from Essex here

out today on a caballo to KX Oh 33

mini-excavator gonna walk through here

with you today on some excavator

operations basics you're gonna be

renting a machine or getting Nolan to

one of these for the very first time

I'll run through how the different

controls here work and talk you through

some of the new tips that you might want

to know as a new operator before we

start going through the excavator

controls you should know that there's

really two different control patterns

that you'll find on machines they're

known as ISO controls or SAE controls in

the United States

SAE controls are the more popular

control pattern and what a machine like

this that has pattern selection they're

generally gonna be a pattern a now if

you've run a machine like this before as

you kind of learn how these controls

work and you stop thinking about what

you're doing it's almost like riding a


right you'll stop thinking about what

the controls do and just start operating

the Machine and you'll talk to anybody

who's figured this out that's run these

things before changing patterns is like

learning a different language it's

really really challenging so if you've

never run a machine before and you're

gonna start on this for the first time

generally it's gonna be a better choice

to be in that SAE pattern or pattern a

like I've set this up for currently you

look right down here you'll always find

a sticker denoting where that pattern

selection is sometimes it's underneath

of a safety cover but in the case right

here it's right on this machine over top

of the sticker here from California that

tells us that we're gonna get cancer

from operating this machine so

thankfully we're in Pennsylvania we

should be okay but you'll find that

pattern selection here and you can make

that switch so that you're operating the

machine in the most comfortable and

familiar way for you so I'm gonna start

the machine up here and run you through

what the control layout looks like for

ISO controls so let's start the machine

when you go to start one of these for

the first time and notice that didn't

start that's because this safety lever

has to be in the up position that

disables the controls

push that down and now I'm gonna run

through my control so my left hand side

over here if I take my stick and go left

to right it's gonna rotate the upper

part of the machine the upper part of an

excavator is called the house if I go

front and back I'm going to take the

Dipper in and out and then over my right

hand side if I take this slide left to

right I'm going to rotate my bucket and

if I go in and out here I'm going to

raise my boom up and down so you have

two functions on each one of those

sticks if I want to drive the machine

forward and back every excavator is

going to have two sticks in front of you

and those are always oriented with the

front of the machine being over top of

the blade if they'll remember you can

spin these things in circles so you if

you're facing this direction this is

front right not the direction that my

boom is facing where my blade is is

always the front of the machine so if

you're facing over the front and you

press the two drive sticks front you're

going to go forward or backwards now

these two sticks here are going to

operate much like a zero-turn mower or a

skid loader does where if I rotate them

in opposite directions I Drive my left

and right side independently when you're

driving particularly on turf you

generally don't want to do spins in

place because those tracks are going to

do a lot of turf damage so it's always

best to try to turn left to right by

driving forward and then keeping the

outside track moving a little bit faster

you'll do less turf damage that way you

don't ever really want to be turning

with the tracks still right you always

want to keep them moving

smaller excavators like this will have a

pivot right down here in the boom where

the boom can turn independently left to

right from the house large excavators

generally don't have that the boom will

be situated somewhere back here by your

side but in the case of this I have a

foot pedal down here in the floor that

could swing my boom from left to right

this is generally used if you're going

to get up say against the side of a

house and you need to be in confined

spaces rotating this allows you to be

closer to things

you'll notice that this excavator is

equipped with a thumb the operation of

those boom hydraulics on these machines

is done with a rocker switch up here on

your operation stick once some older

machines sometimes you'll see those

operated with foot pedals down here kind

of where my boom swing is sometimes

you'll have one on your left foot in

this case it's done up here on the

controls you'll notice here if I operate

this right now it doesn't work you need

to turn on your auxilary hydraulics in

order for them to function so if we

press the aux button down here it will

turn on my thumb and now I can rock this

thing back and forth in order to grab


in the Advanced Course here we tell you

that you can dive in and do some

configurations all in these hydraulic

circuits often times that change the

amount of flow that they have or to be

able to toggle them on and off for

different kinds of attachments that you

would put out there so tampers and

hammers and that kind of thing are going

to have different setups for their

hydraulics in the monitor pod down here

than what this thumb would be generally

I'm operating at idle right now but as

you turn up your rpms up here you're

going to have more hydraulic flow now

the faster the engine is going the

faster the hydraulics are going to move

so what you're learning one of these for

the very first time it's often not a bad

idea to have this thing running a little

bit slower

just helps things move a little bit more


but as you do raise that up and your

engine goes faster you're also building

hydraulic pressure and generally you

need that pressure in order to have

digging force so idling one of these

things you're not going to get its full

capacity out of it you can see I have a

front blade here I use that blade to go

up and down with my left hand stick over

here and I also have a green button on

top of it that's because this machine

has two speed track motors so when

you're driving an excavator they

generally are not fun to transport with

they're generally very slow but you can

speed them up by pressing the two-speed

button so if I'm driving along here and

I pop that green button I can go into a

little higher gear and shift those

motors up a little bit faster some of

the more recent models will have

automatic shifting track motors the

sense is shift on their own this machine

doesn't have that equipped but there are

other models that do generally you're

going to need to have that turned off

when you're making tight turns so these

aren't machines that are exactly in high

speed especially known as an attractive

power you can push a little bit with the

blade and get some work done but you're

certainly not going to move mountains

but if you're an asphalt and trying to

turn you need to be in low range in

order to be able to rotate the machine

so if you're coming off of a trailer for

the first time and you can't rotate the

machine it's often probably because

you're in too high of a gear with your

track motors so that's a little bit on

the operation of an excavator getting

one of these for the very first time you

just need to be patient with yourself

and give yourself some time really

ideally what you need to do is know what

the controls do and simply start to work

through them and use them to the point

that you stop thinking about what you're

doing and you start tackling the job at

hands so be patient with yourself when

you jump into one of these for the very

first time you can do some follow-up

videos here as well as showing some of

the technique that you might want to

learn when doing this for the very first

time so follow along in subsequent

videos here we'll see if we can teach

you about running an excavator so if

you're in the market for a piece of

equipment like this or you have parts of

service needs for one that you already

have give us a call at Messick's

800 2 2 2 3 3 7 3 or online at meta okay

Neil from Essex operating this kind of


there's a definite learning curve to

starting to figure out how all this

works they do another follow-up video

here another 7 minutes don't like that