How to Operate a Motor Grader (OLD - see fixed audio version in comments)

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okay again we're in our Texas sandbox

site today we want a big shout-out to

Rustin paving their beautiful blue motor

grader that's their color so we got a

cat 12m out here they actually brought

it out for an event and we really we've

had a lot of people request us to do a

how to operate a motor Braille




so first things first as I tell you guys

with any of our training videos I am NOT

an expert I'm going to show you kind of

what I've learned we've already done a

pre site inspection we know the site we

also done our pre-op inspection on this

motor grader now I'm gonna go through

I'm gonna go through the basic controls

a motor grader is not something that I

am an expert on but I also think it's

valuable for you guys to see me learning

and also see the controls plus comment

below so I'm gonna get in go through the

stuff I've learned show you the very

basics this would be a very entry level

one and hopefully you guys can learn

something from it so let's go ahead and

check this out so first thing is three

points of contact anytime you can get

her out of equipment step in there all

the way up and the graders have a door

lock here swing that door around there

we go now again this is two cat 12m

motor grader so this is a joystick

operated one so I'll go over the

controls here keys right up front one

click over and starting it up so first

thing I'm just checking my display make

sure don't have any warning signs

anything like that parking brake is

probably the most important read Pete

right up there parking brake switch on

this model is right there in front Oh

each one's a little bit different but

it'll have a parking brake or something

to show you that machine is not going to

go anywhere so now with this again motor

graders are probably the most complex

and again you're gonna see today I am

NOT an expert I'm not even really that

good an operator I know other equipment

can run a dozer a lot of it just

operating a blade so a dozer and a motor

grader really similar motor graders just

a little bit faster they have a bigger

blade they're used for longer passes

that's why Rustin paving is they do a

lot of highway work things like that

that's why they use graders you know

dozers are something that'd be on a

could be on a smaller side or doing

angles things like that

I again Rustin paving Jeff from rust and

paving kind of gave me some training

today on this again I've been in a few

different motor graders but Jeff was a

big help so shout out

thank you Jeff and rust in paving

let us shoot a video on it to kind of

show you it so now art machine there's

three foot controls down here the clutch

is the left brake is the center and then

right is your throttle on there so those

are your three different pedals there

and then this one's joystick operated so

again the newer some of the newer

graders have joysticks instead of a

steering wheel I've also been in the

others with a steering wheel and they

got a whole Bank of levers because there

are a lot of different blade angles and

pitches you can do so they're fairly

complex machines as with anything

practice practice practice practice the

only way you get really good at it

so with this left is primarily your

driving and then right is primarily your

blade control that is pretty consistent

on again same thing as a dozer and even

the wheel loaders to an extent left is

kind of always you're driving right as

always your tool control so with this

one with your left you basically got

this one's got a shifter forward neutral

first under my left hand here you can

see I'm on the display it says neutral

and then the top is these yellow buttons

these will basically make me shift its

god I think believe six gears typically

you're always going to be in one for any

kind of grading

only times you be in three four or five

is and you're going any distances to

travel with this thing and then you've

got some disel tilt on the left joystick

here this will angle your wheels left

and angle them right so you'll see the

front wheels will actually pitch so what

they that's primarily used so if you're

you know driving if they're pulling a

grade on this and it's the machines

trying to get pulled one way typically

they're gonna angle in to basically let

it bite in a little bit so it holds that

angle so that's the main reason you

would use those one way or the other the

other piece you have the dough wheel

motor grader will actually articulate

one way or the other so we got left and

right there again if you don't want to

be on your wind row or something like

that they may go off a little bit

sideways there so their back tires

aren't driving on there basically spill

pile what they're pushing off and then

there is kind of a return to center here

on top left here so that's our left

joystick the right is our blade control

and before I move over the only on the

left there is to raise and lower so if I

pull both of these this is the raise and

lower so this one on the right

is this is my right side raisin or and

this is my left side back and forth so

that is the only there is one minor

little blade control and pretty

important on your left joystick so I'll

push both those together the rest that

on this right joystick this will

basically swing the blade one way left

or right so as you turn it I'm turning

this right joystick you've also got your

go left to right with the whole blade

you can kind of slide it left or left or

right like that

you've also got this will slide the

blade kind of laterally like that left

and right depending on where you're

trying to get your material so you'll

see that moving that back and forth and

then you got your blade pitch so you see

you roll it down I can roll it up both

ways typically for a fine grade the more

the fine grade you were kind of having

this blade pitch down but you know if

it's a rougher material you're trying to

get a little bit better bite in you want

to have that blade a little bit more

vertical like that so that's that other

things on this I'm not gonna go over

there's a lot of other controls on these

machines but these are kind of the

basics I just wanna go over the basic

controls so you guys all can kind of

learn how to operate one of these most

important piece here again I'm going to

put in we're gonna take the parking

brake off now I'm gonna put my clutch in

have my foot on the brake up front there

parking brake now came off so now I'm

good so I'm gonna go ahead and with my

shifter over here if I pull down on this

left trigger I'm now in 1f it'll usually

tell you a speed right up on the display

and that if I let go you see I'll start

rolling right away and then on my left

I'm steering left and right you'll see

the tires will move one way or the other

now always start your grading generally

you want to be flat to the ground or

stopped so I'm gonna bring both I'm

pushing both joysticks forward here to

bring them down and we don't want to get

to so I'll start it with a little bit

more flattened and then I can roll it

right about there

now man I'm gonna go ahead let my foot

off I'm starting really slow and I'm

gonna pitch it a little bit to the left

now this is the end you've seen if you

haven't seen we have a how to operate a

dozer which again dozers I really

encourage new operas

counting the horizon don't get buried in

the blade the challenge of the motor

grader and the blade is you're almost

sitting on top of it so you're really

watching down but I'm also glancing up

and I'm biting going down a little bit

with both joysticks if it gets stuck or

a little bit harder I can roll that

blade back a little bit and you'll see

it's a really a seat-of-the-pants kind

of feel for a grade you'll see I'm

rolling some of that material we're at

our texas site it is extremely muddy out

here so this is definitely not the

easiest but I'm looking out off my nose

here I'm kind of seeing where my

materials and you always want to try and

carry a load in front of that blade

that's all it's same thing with a dozer

is if you're not carrying material it's

really difficult to fill in and hit a

low spot and then I'm gonna slowly start

pulling it back pitch it down there so I

can try and roll this again we are so

muddy here today that I'm not gonna get

this to come out smooth so we almost

really have to see I'm gonna leave it

spoil it kind of a dump pile here always

gonna stop you don't want to take it out

of here you always use your left foot

pedal bring that clutch in

raise it up got the brake on and I'm

gonna click it into reverse reversing

means you got mirrors on both sides

looking over shoulder I do have a backup

camera which you may or may not be able

to see in this but and then we're gonna

start backing up shifter here again with

my left I'm in one r41 reverse if I just

click up on it Hill goes to two looking

in my mirrors obviously anytime you're

backing out making sure you're safe

where you're going

and then after you push that again I've

got my blade set to the left so I'm

pulling all that material again that's

really knowing your site where you're

trying to fill low spots but eventually

I'm gonna try and cross over here you

can kind of see my grade out in front of

me there and then again always stopping

with my clutch back in neutral put it

back in the forward okay now I'm back

dropping that blade down again both

joysticks again if one where and each

one of those controls I'm gonna roll

that blade back a little bit bring it

down it's kind of getting in a little

bit there

we're in forward gear and there we go

and again I can twist right now I'm kind

of doing the same angle here and I'm

watching most importantly off my nose

left joystick is steering me

if I see I see I'm rolling some material

on the left so that's I can see a my

rights again it's this those little

seat-of-the-pants feel it's really tough

to explain

the best thing to do is get seed time

shouldn't ever get out I'm in one they

do have a lock on the rear differentials

too that's sometimes so all four there's

a trigger on this on the right joystick

that I can that'll help with traction

control you don't generally want to have

that on when you're turning at all

but you'll see on this one I get a

little light on there each machines a

little bit but as I'm going I'm gonna

try again the more flattened out you

have that blade that's really more for a

finished grade I'm gonna pull that up a

little bit again at this point our

material is not going to flow off so I'm

kind of just creating a dump pile this

would not again the conditions out out

here are not ideal because generally

you'd want to let this go off to a plane

where it's kind of nice and even so I

stopped it again with my foot and I'm

putting in a reverse

again there's so many controls this

could be several videos here you see my

left joystick that's all I'm doing this

- turning left and right

the biggest thing I'll tell you as again

I think I've told you I am NOT an expert

on this machine stick time that's the

best way you can get good on one of

these machines is stick time stopping it

there put it back

blade back and again if I did need to

shift over my back again depending on

where my back end is you know that's

what you can see how I'm kind of going

sideways a little bit there this can

keep my rear tires out of you know if I

have a windrow here you can try and keep

out of that a little bit so your rear

tires aren't driving over it that's

typically why and then again if my

machines getting pulled if I feel the

machine getting pulled that's where I

can actually angle my tires so you swing

those tires and oh really pull you in

again there's a lot of different moves

you can do here but I can kind of look

off and see and then I can bring it back

to straight and bring my wheels back

okay bring that up stop it you're right

here set the blade down flat

parking brake always make sure you've

got that read parking indicator on there

foots off right there

shut that machine off okay folks so that

is our motor grader again I think I said

it repeatedly just because it's one of

those things that I don't even have I'm

not an experienced operand a motor

grader but I think what I've shown you

there is the basics is really if you

want to know how to operate it those

were the basic controls on it

I would encourage I'm sure we've got

several viewers of this episode that can

comment below let us know if you're an

operator any tips or tricks to how to

get started with it and again big thanks

to Rustin paving especially Jeff there

they kind of showed me some today you

know Rustin paving came out for a group

event hopefully will show a quick video

here of that too but thanks to Rustin

pavement for coming out and letting us

use this grater for a training and yeah

thanks a lot

make sure you subscribe to our channel

thanks for watching see ya