What are the Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer? | Cancer Research UK

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as the most common cancer in men

understanding prostate cancer is vital

so I've come to Cambridge University

Hospital to speak with dr. Vincent's

Nana pro kasam to find out how they go

about diagnosing this common cancer

well Vincent's prostate cancer is

notoriously difficult to diagnose isn't

it indeed and in fact prostate cancer

most often has no symptoms a man might

go to his GP because he has noticed a

change in his urinary symptoms getting

up at night maybe or having difficulty

passing water and most often that's due

to a normal enlargement of the prostate

as he gets older

in fact prostate cancer doesn't cause

any symptoms unless is very advanced in

which case it might mimic some of those

symptoms of an obstructed or large

prostate but if there are any concerns

the first step is to go and see your GP

who can then investigate further so what

would you GP do most often what they'll

do is take a history from you do a

examination of the prostate and do a PSA

blood test what is a PSA test

so PSA stands for prostate specific

antigen it's produced by the prostate

gland and it's a marker for the presence

of prostate cancer however it can also

be raised in other conditions so it's

not a very specific marker but it's the

first test that we can do to say whether

we should proceed to further

investigations so what happens if you

get sent to the hospital for an

examination the specialist will see you

again take a history in an examination

and then most often what they will do is

arrange a prostate biopsy increasingly

they might recommend a scan to be done

first an MRI scan and then discuss with

you what the best way to do biopsies and

if it is cancer tell us what happens

then tell us about some of the tests

well the discussion then starts the

first step is to make sure that we know

exactly what kind of cancer it is and

that might involve other types of scans

for example a CT scan or a bone scan the

kind of cancer is determined by the size

of it or the stage of a cancer and once

these precious puts all that information

together with what the biopsy has shown

then they start to discuss with you what

treatments are so now we know more about

the tests and the good news is that the

majority of men diagnosed with prostate

cancer survive for ten or more years for

further information visit the

research UK websites or see the other

videos in this series