Low Sperm Count: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Hi, I am Dr Sweta Gupta, Clinical Director, Medicover Fertility.

Today we are going to discuss about Low Sperm Count or Oligospermia, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

available, and how Medicover Fertility can help you with Low Sperm Count?

What is Low Sperm Count?

• Low Sperm Count also called Oligospermia means that the number of sperm in

semen is below average.

• The World Health Organisation (WHO) classifies sperm count less than 15

million sperm/mL as low.

What are the different types of Oligospermia? - Mild Oligospermia is a condition in which

10 to 15 million sperms are found per millilitre of semen.

- Moderate Oligospermia is a condition in which 5 to 10 million sperms are found per

millilitre of semen.

- Severe Oligospermia is a condition in which 1 to 5 million sperms are found per millilitre

of semen.

- Cryptospermia is a condition in which 0 to rare sperm are found per millilitre of


In this condition, sample is centrifuged and analysed again to look for rare sperms

What are the symptoms of low sperm count?

The primary symptom of low sperm count is the inability to conceive.

There are no other noticeable symptoms.

But in some cases of chromosomal abnormality or hormonal imbalance there may be symptoms

like: 1) Problem with sexual function,

2) Low sex drive or difficulty in maintaining an erection,

3) Swelling in the testicle area.

How is it diagnosed?

A low sperm count can be diagnosed by a Semen Analysis Test.

What are the causes of low sperm count?

There may be medical issues, environmental exposure and lifestyle choices that can hamper

sperm production.

The medical issues are • A presence of a varicocele, ejaculation

problems, infections of the reproductive tract, surgery, radiation or chemotherapy, hormonal

imbalance, and sometimes chromosomal abnormalities.

The environmental causes are • Exposure to industrial toxins, heavy metals.

radiation or X-rays

The lifestyle choices that can affect sperm count are

• Addiction to alcohol, drugs, smoking.


a long term psychological stress may cause low sperm count.

what is the treatment of low sperm count?

It is treatable area in the field of infertility and treatment depends upon the cause of the


A man who is suffering from varicocele, surgery may be recommended after examination by urologists.

Low sperm count due to infections in the reproductive tract can be treated with antibiotics.

Low sperm count due to hormonal imbalance can be treated with medicines or hormone replacement


In case sperm count does not increase and it is causing difficulty in conceiving then

Assisted Reproductive Technology is useful.

• In very mild cases IUI or Intra-Uterine Inesemination is recommended, and when IUI fails, IVF is recommended.

• In severe oligospermia and cryptospermia where there are very few limited number of sperms.

IVF with ICSI is recommended i.e. Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection is recommended where only one healthy sperm is injected inside the cytoplasm

of egg.

In cases where no sperms or very few sperms are found in the ejaculate, Testicular Sperm

Aspiration procedure is recommended

How can Medicover Fertility help men with Low Sperm Count or Oligospermia?

Medicover Fertility is a renowned International Brand.

We have a team of highly skilled and experienced doctors who help couple deal with infertility.

Medicover Fertility has a high fertility success rate as we use the latest technology

in fertility treatments.

Low sperm count is very much treatable.

Best is to consult us, and we will recommend a treatment plan for you.

Depending on the type of oligospermia a treatment plan is chalked out.

With IUI, IVF, ICSI, Testicular Sperm Aspiration we are regularly treating patients with low

sperm counts.

Thank you for watching this video, if you have any questions or concerns regarding low

sperm count.

You can drop your questions in comment section or call us on 7862800700.

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