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Fiddle Leaf Fig Success in 8 Steps! | The Basics of Ficus Lyrata Care



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[Music]

how are you guys doing

welcome back i am going to talk about

fiddly figs today

because i feel like it and because i've

been noticing a couple of issues with

mine so i really wanted to talk to you

guys

about how to successfully

raise a fiddly fig i mean you're not

raising it

you're growing it you're encouraging it

to be healthy and strong and big

so there's a few things that you should

think about if you're going to get a

fiddly fig

and i just want to discuss them along

with some of the problems and

troubleshooting some of the problems i

have done a video before about it but

i'm just going to make this a little

bit shorter and more concise so let me

just

begin i know i'm wearing this this this

jacket

that i think i wore when i was two and i

found a bigger version of it

it's just a little i don't know why i'm

wearing this jacket

i thought it looked good on the model oh

anyway

so let's talk about uh let's talk about

water the watering water ring of a

little leaf

little leaf fig fiddly fig

hello what's happening up there so

they do actually need more water than

you think

they like to dry out they absolutely do

and when they dry out um you know

prevents

root rot a little bit because i think

most people have a tendency

to over water their plants and fiddly

figs

need a fair amount of water but they

don't want to be sitting in water and i

think a big

problem sometimes with it is the soil

your soil might be

really dense and if it's dense and the

water is retaining

in the pot for too long then it

has bad effects bad things happen which

i'll get to in a little bit

but when you're watering it water water

thoroughly

until about like 15 of the water comes

out of the bottom of the pot

and while you're doing that just you're

also flushing out

salts and minerals that affect the

foliage of fiddly figs

so you're doing it good some good by

watering it thoroughly

and then wait until the water has really

evaporated and been used up by the plant

and you can feel it like this one's

pretty dry

and this is a ripe for watering for sure

because i get my finger down deep in

there

you can feel it it's pretty dry so

you're going to get watered after this

video

just letting you know and you know the

other thing is when

you are keeping your plant in an area

that gets a lot of bright indirect light

which

you should for these guys they really

like it and there's a fungus knot

there it goes when you're doing that

they're going to require more water

and they're going to require more water

in the growing season like when it's

warm out

so you'll be finding depending on the

size of the plant you have if it's a

smaller

plant i don't really have a small one

but if you have a small one

you're going to be watering it more

often and the more soil you have in your

pot

it's going to be a little bit less

because that's just the way it works

and also if you have it in a lower light

spot which maybe you shouldn't but you

can

they will not grow as fast and you'll

probably have some lower leaf drop if

you have it in an

area that has low light but definitely

water it less in that case because

it's not going to absorb the water as

quickly as it would

in a brightly lit room okay so there's

that about the watering now let's talk

about the light since i

already talked about the light they love

bright indirect light and i would say

about six

hours a day plus you can

you can actually grow them in full sun i

know i've seen them

but if they're coming from a greenhouse

that has a covering like a shade cloth

uh that and it probably grew in that

environment you will be shocking it

if you put it right in the sun okay so

most of us have them indoors

uh because we have a lot of house plants

or we want house plants so you don't

have to worry so much about that but if

you have a south facing window

and it's very hot you might scorch the

leaf leaves

so be careful of that so bright indirect

light six hours a day at least

if you can and you also want to rotate

them

every time you water it because then

you'll have a nice full this is a little

flat

because this was just shipped to me and

it got squished in the box

but you'll have a nice full fiddly fig

if you rotate it

okay they really benefit from that so

let's talk about humidity

the humidity level is kind of important

for these guys when i first

had my first fiddly fig uh it died

it died and i just did everything wrong

and a part of it was a lack of humidity

so if you increase the humidity in your

homes you don't necessarily have to but

if you have between like 40 percent

and 60 percent that's good for them

you can go higher too if you want you

can have a

a a humidifier you can put

water in a pebble tray and let the water

evaporate up to the plant that's good

too

misting doesn't help that much it really

doesn't someone just knocked on the door

but you can try it if you missed all the

time

if you become like a permanent mister

you could try that

but that's that's very time consuming

you want you don't want to do that

so it's like average household humidity

maybe a higher okay i think the most

important thing though is really kind of

figuring out the watering because if it

gets too dry you have issues with the

leaves if it gets too wet you have other

issues and i'll talk about that at the

end of the video

so another thing to consider okay we

want to fertilize them they're pretty

fast growers when they're happy

so we want to give them a fertilizer

that's a npk ratio of three

one two it has more nitrogen because

there's so much foliage

it's a lot of foliage on this plant and

they use the nitrogen so

you can wat you can fertilize it twice a

month depending on how often you're

watering it during the growing season

and then back off when it's not growing

just because you can cause

problems like fertilizer burn on the

leaf tips

air circulation is really important it

helps prevent pests

it keeps them healthy and it just keeps

the bacteria away

it's a good thing and also you know if

you just shake them a little bit too

just

i mean this is a little bit beyond air

circulation unless you have like a

tornado in your house but shake them a

little bit because it'll help strengthen

the plant they just it's outside in the

wind

it helps them it just helps them to have

secure roots and it helps them

a little to be a little more sturdy it

does

it's a proven fact

you also want to clean their leaves you

really really want to clean their leaves

because if you don't

things happen like dirt gets all over

the place

on their leaves and then you get bugs

i'm gonna just do this because

this one has mealy bugs on it and i have

it by the window

and i i have because i was going to

clean it and i still haven't gotten

around to it but i'm going to do it now

because i'm embarrassed

it has mealy bugs and it has little

cobwebs on it and

um you know and i just wasn't paying

attention if i were to have cleaned

cleaned the leaves that make sense i

would have found it sooner and i

wouldn't have had this

this pest problem i have a pest problem

because i was being lazy

but you know it still has its leaves

it's doing well there's not a lot of

damage from the pests so it is

completely salvageable

if you find pests on your plants right

away

you can get rid of them don't throw your

plant out just get rid of the pests you

can

use neem oil you can use horticultural

oil

and insectalcital soaps and things like

that

all natural ways of treating pests

okay so let's talk about let's talk

about

like bacteria talk about fungus first

fungus happens when

uh you water your plants too much and

you'll have leaf drop you'll have yellow

leaves you'll have

indications that you have rot and it's

usually

you'll start out having lower leaf drop

first and then it just keeps going so

check your soil pull the plant out if

it's not too heavy and look at the soil

and if it's a little stinky

and in the wet you're not a problem so

you need to

water it less and probably change the

soil the other thing that can happen too

is you can get bacterial issues

bacterial issues are a problem and it's

actually very difficult to rectify those

problems and you'll see these

kind of brown spots this is more black

because i just i think i left it too

long

on the plant but you'll get these black

spots on the leaves

and the best thing to do is to remove

the leaves and again check the soil

because bacteria

happens also from poor soil

quality okay if it's too wet it's

usually too wet

and you might want to change the soil

just want to get rid of them okay

and guess what the leaf isn't going to

grow back you'll have to do this whole

thing about notching and

pruning and stuff but i won't get into

that with this video because this is

about the basics

it's a lot of basics and then this this

happened because it got very dry you see

this kind of crunchy

tip of the leaf here the edges of the

leaf get crunchy and that's because

i was watering too inconsistently and

this

this is very very normal when that

happens i mean it's not normal this is

what happens

when you're lazy with a watering your

plant yells at you like that

and then here's another really dry leaf

it's very dry there's something else

that happens which is

kind of a common thing on your fiddle

leaf figs let me see if i can find an

example of one

it is called edema and it sounds really

bad but it's not that bad

it's when it usually happens on the

newer leaves

you'll see these red spots that start

forming all over the leaf and you think

oh no

this leaf's not going to make it and

then it does

and so what edema is it's it's when the

cells

absorb too much moisture and they burst

and then it leaves this kind of redness

all over the leaf but over time it'll go

away

and the leaf will become green again

like this had edema

and it's better it's better so just

don't toss your plant away if you think

there's a little bit of a problem

because they'll come back okay sometimes

sometimes they won't

like i have one in my living room that

is not gonna it's not gonna make it

it's not gonna make it sad let me just

finish with the other

pests that they get they get scale

scale's gross

scale's disgusting i hate scale and then

they also get spider mites too

you'll see lots of little webbing and

you'll just want to start treating it

right away okay and you usually get

spider mites from

like a hot like dry air in your home and

poor air circulation

so keep those fans on if you can near

your plants

it helps the other thing you can do too

if you're having problems with your

fiddly fig you can start propagating

them

i stuck this in this water like three

weeks ago there's still no roots

but it's still alive and i have one in

florida that is

rooting like crazy it was just a leaf

and a petiole

and i hopefully i have a picture i can

show you but you can definitely

propagate them very very easily because

i don't know why you just can it wants

to live

when you cut it they really want to live

uh what else about these guys that you

should

that you should know i think that's it

that's really there's

there's a couple of things you need to

do and i think the most important one is

bright light don't over water it make

sure you clean the leaves and you rotate

it

and one more thing that you should if

your plant is doing well where it is

like if you found the right spot resist

moving it to a different spot

i did that with the one in the living

room i had it outside it was doing so

great i brought it back inside to a

different spot than it was in the year

before

and i hated it it hated me for it so

keep if it's working don't break it okay

don't break it it was the expression uh

if it ain't broke don't fix it that

makes sense

so that's it they can be

easy once you know how to take care of

them and they're worth it because they

just look so beautiful when they get

older and they get

big and they become trees or their shrub

forms

there is a smaller version called

bambino which doesn't get that big maybe

three feet or so

and then the standard ficus lorata can

get really big depending on how much

space and how much light you have

i am rambling on about fiddly figs but

they're just kind of

they're this good conversation when was

the last time you had a conversation

about a fiddly fig

probably not that long ago i think i

covered most of it

let me think as anything else um

there is one more thing there is one

more thing

when do you repot them when do you take

them out of the pot

and bump them up to a bigger pot i tend

to do it

when the roots are coming out of the

drainage holes and

they just start feeling a little tight

and you can tell i mean you can tell

this one definitely is not ready for it

but in about a year probably i'll

consider repotting it

and then at a certain point in time when

you get to that big size pot and you

can't find

any pots that are bigger than the one

you have the best thing to do is leave

it in the pot

top dress which means put soil in the

top of the plant

and you can remove my dogs are going

crazy out there you can remove

any roots that are coming out from the

bottom you can root prune it

because if you can't find a pot big

enough you just that's you have to do

that there's no alternative

unless you want i just spit at the

camera sorry unless you want

to dig a hole in your floor and and make

a giant garden bed in your house

that's another option but i don't think

you want to do that and that's

that's it that is absolutely it i'm

finished i

finished talking about fiddly figs i

think i'm gonna go

get my dogs and and scold them

because i think they're harassing

somebody walking by and i really hate

that

leave them alone you're just taking a

walk

have a great weekend i hope you guys

just just have a good one okay stay cool

that's like obsessed stay cool

all right i'm done i'm done talking see

ya next week

i'm thinking about this movie but i

can't i just can't go there

bye