Juniper Bonsai tree

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The Juniper is a very popular tree species used  for Bonsai, for both beginners and experts.

Juniper Bonsai trees sold at large  stores, including Walmart and Home Depot,  

are often Japanese Garden  Junipers, or Green Mound Junipers.

Other popular species are the Chinese juniper  (Juniperus chinensis) and the Japanese Shimpaku.

The green foliage, reddish-brown bark and  silvery white deadwood is very appealing.

So how do you care for your Juniper bonsai? 

The Juniper is a coniferous tree species, which  means it needs to be placed outdoors, year round.

It prefers a sunny position.

The Juniper is frost hardy  but should be protected from  

strong frosts of around 15 degrees  Fahrenheit, or -10 degrees celsius.

Water the Juniper generously  whenever the soil gets slightly dry.

Best is to water your bonsai, then wait a minute  

and water it again, to make sure  the entire root mass is watered.

Observe the tree closely and make  sure it never dries out completely.

On the other hand, the Juniper  does not like to be wet constantly,  

so wait with watering until  the soil gets slightly dry.

Daily misting will help raise  the humidity around your Bonsai,  

though for most outdoor trees  this is not really important.

Misting a few days when the tree  has been repotted is recommended.

Fertilize your Juniper once a month  during the entire growth season,  

from early spring till fall, using  a solid and organic fertilizer.

Regular pruning is required to  maintain the shape of your Juniper.

To develop the foliage pads, long  shoots which stick out of the silhouette  

can be cut at the base with sharp  scissors throughout the growth season.

Bonsai are kept in small pots, and therefore we  repot the trees every two years, in early spring.

If you see the roots circling around the root  system, your Bonsai needs to be repotted.

If the roots are still contained within soil,  leave it and check again the following spring.

You can propagate the Juniper  using cuttings, seeds,  

or buy them online as these are  widely available at bonsai retailers.

If the foliage of your Juniper turns yellow,  

this is often the result of not  enough light or improper watering.

Again, make sure you place your  Bonsai outside with enough sunlight.

And water it generously as soon  as the soil gets slightly dry.

Learn how to create your own Bonsai trees, by  enrolling in one of our online Bonsai courses.

We explain techniques like  pruning wiring and repotting, 

and you can ask questions to the teachers.

For the curriculums and free lessons, go to: bonsaiempire.com/courses