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How to Grow Cherry Trees - Complete Growing Guide



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well hello everyone and welcome to

another very exciting episode here on

the mi girder channel hopefully you are

going to enjoy this complete growing

guide because we're going to be doing a

bunch of complete growing guides on

fruit trees now we are going to be doing

this kind of in succession with the

fruit trees fruit trees that we've

planted so we will be doing a lot of

them and one thing that I want to start

off by saying is that they will a lot of

them will have very similar information

so you probably will if you watch more

than one you'll probably start thinking

yourself hey I've heard this information

before the reason why is because it is

like all of our growing guides names

specific so cherry trees peach trees

apple trees so you're going to see all

those but it's because not every search

is for you know that same thing so we're

going to be making one on cherries today

we're going to be having one on apples

one on peaches one on pears so there

will be slight differences between them

but very slight making you have to pay

attention to catch those little tidbits

of different information but for the

most part they will be the same so I'm

just only preparing you guys guy know

that I'll come up as well but um with

that being out with that being said and

out of the way I want to talk about

cherry trees now cherry trees are super

super rewarding

they are definitely something that I

think everyone enjoys growing because

there's so many uses for cherries and

one of the things that that I enjoy

using cherries for is since I can't have

them raw I will bake them I'll turn them

into preserves but they yield a ton one

tree is enough for one whole family they

will produce anywhere from 150 to 300

pounds of cherries when they're fully

mature so I'm never going to let these

get fully mature because it's like a

home setting but they do have the

potential to grow that many fruits oh

it's incredible how much they yield and

the reason why is because the fruit size

is very small so it does not take a lot

of energy to produce a cherry whereas it

takes a ton of energy to produce apples

which is typically why you see lesser

yields on on your your homegrown apple

trees then you do than you do like your

cherry trees because the amount of

energy that takes to put out an apple is

significantly more than it takes to pod

cherry that's why I love them as well

and also the fact that they don't need

crosses one of the thing

people always ask is you know what kind

of trees do I need to cross-pollinate to

increase production when you get your

cherry trees they will say that you need

a cross to increase production this is

true however it's not like an apple tree

is or a pear tree when you're talking

about cherry trees there are very very

very few trees that you need to create a

cross because there are so many wild

native trees growing around like choke

cherries and and wild cherry trees that

will readily cross pollinate with this

cultivated variety so it's a very common

misconception that you need more than

one cherry tree and to be honest it's

typically more of a a selling feature so

don't get sold on that you only need one

tree I promise and they're gonna do

great so the next thing that I want to

talk about is the soil structure it is

so crucial to growing successfully your

cherry trees that you have very very

deep loose soil here in our soil it's

quite clay you can you can imagine you

can imagine just kind of making pottery

with it when it's wet it's it's quite

clay in certain areas the soils better

but in this specific area it was quite

clays so what we had to do is when we

dug the hole we dug it about two and a

half times larger than the root ball and

we put in lots of compost and that

prepped the soil loosened the soil

because it's extremely important to have

all of your fruit trees not just cherry

trees but cherry cheese

you know since we're talking about that

in this growing guide to have very loose

soil their roots need to move out

quickly because of the fact that they

have to survive winter they have to be

able to move past and move deeply past

that frost line past that that freezing

layer where they can still stay warm and

have their sugars go down deep in their

root system so that they can pull that

up in the springtime so that's one of

the big reasons why cherry trees will

die off is that they're not planted

adequately so that's a big component the

next thing is soil pH when you're

talking about soil pH they like a little

bit acidic oftentimes when you plant in

clay soil it's slightly alkaline so what

we've done is we just went to our local

hardware store picked up some soil

to fire we sprinkled that in the hole to

bring our pH down to right around 6 so 6

is very slightly acidic 7 is basically

pH neutral so slightly acidic and that's

just going to make sure they cannot take

those nutrients cherry trees and all

actually all plants they use soil pH to

uptake nutrients so if you're one way to

tell that you need to lower your pH is

if they start struggling with with

nutrient deficiencies but you are

fertilizing readily which we'll talk

about so just make sure that if you know

you fertilized then there's probably a

pH deficiency or a pH you know imbalance

in your soil that you need to fix so the

next thing I do want to talk about was

fertilizing now this is the most

important part once you've prepped the

soil and dug your hole about two and a

half times as wide as the root ball

planted the plant back filled with good

soil all that kind of stuff can be found

on past videos now it comes to

fertilizing when you want when you

fertilize you want to fertilize early in

the spring when they set flowers and in

the fall so cherry trees are one of the

only trees you want to fertilize three

times so the reason why is because

cherry trees they don't act they will

set all of their fruit at once all of

their blossoms come out at once and

typically what will happen is they will

have a massive flush of growth after

they flower so it's not the flowering

we're concerned about it's that they put

on small buds that grow that requires

energy you kind of want to you want to

fertilize it to kind of boost it out of

dormancy that's the first time so we've

gone and fertilized right away after the

plant has been planted fertilized which

is a very gentle very very gentle

nitrogen fertilizer because as we talked

about when you first plant your trees

you don't want them to to be fertilized

very heavily so what we've done is we've

gone to fertilize them with a 2-0 zero

very very light nitrogen fertilizer

pretty much like worm castings are a

great great fertilizer to just kind of

take them out of dormancy and then what

you want to do is then once they start

to blossom that is when you want to prep

for that vet initial

both of you know of more actual leaves

because the flowers they come naturally

and they will come in a big flush but

that big flush after they flower you'll

notice that there is actually leaf buds

that form right after that flowering

period and so you can't just assume that

the plant is going to have the nutrients

available to put out all that new growth

so what you want to do is come back

right when the flowers start forming and

put a good to 0-0 on again just kind of

reapply with some more worm castings

worm tea compost tea something very

gentle very light but it's going to

provide the nutrients that are going to

get the plant going and then when the

plant gets to fall time so this is way

later on like October ish you want to

come back and fertilize now with a high

phosphorus fertilizer high phosphorus

fertilizers are going to insure the

plant you don't need a lot of nitrogen

so we actually use trifecta actually

because what this is only when we first

plant the plant so this is the first

year the very first year when you plant

the plant you want to fertilize with the

2 0 0 the 2 0 0 and then we fertilize

with trifecta which is going to have

your high your high phosphorous count

that's going to get the roots going

ready for dormancy get the plant ready

to shut down for the winter and then

next year now this is your - then you

can apply trifecta or your your favorite

fertilizer or choice to the root system

make sure it's got good nitrogen in it

and it's going to make sure that the

plant comes out of dormancy so it's only

the first year that you have to go

gentle because we want to encourage the

root growth out because again they're

perennial so they need that root growth

and if you fertilize them heavily right

at the base with a really high nitrogen

high phosphorous high potassium

fertilizer they're not encouraged to

move out now the next thing is sunlight

all your cherry trees every single

variety doesn't matter if they're dwarf

or a full-size these are a semi dwarf

because they're made for yards you can

get those they require six plus hours of

Sun full Sun they need as strong as you

can give it so what we typically

recommend is 8 hours 8 hours will ensure

that you got enough Sun these will get

about 10 to 12 hours of Sun which is

even better so make sure at least eight

hours I find six hours really pushing it

production if you want to get adequate

fruit production it is quite cold out

today so my lips are not working as fast

but yeah so make sure you get at least

eight hours the tag will say six don't

listen to it they definitely need more

than that and the very last thing that

you want to make sure that you do is

watering

now watering is very very crucial to

fruit production what you want to do is

when the plant is obviously this is year

one you want to water it about a gallon

a day for the first three weeks first

three weeks a gallon a day it seems

excessive but you need to make sure that

does not go through any stress and then

what happens is after those three weeks

you can take it back to a gallon every

other day for two weeks and then after

that then you can simply make sure it

gets a gallon a week and that just makes

sure that the plant does not go through

any stress so that can set fruit set

leaves grow very well for you and then

the plant is going to be off to the

races and it's going to do well so last

thing I want to talk about was the cold

hardiness zone a lot of times we get

asked this so I'm definitely put this in

all of our growing guys for our fruit

trees is what zone they can tolerate so

cherry trees can tolerate up to zone

three and no lower than zone

eight because cherry trees need

something called chill hours chill hours

are basically how many hours below

freezing so cherry trees generally need

about 300 chill hours in order to put

out fruit again this is the most this is

in most cases cherry trees some will

require 200 and at least 150 so you at

least need some type of winter weather

conditions and that's why zone 8 you can

guarantee you're going to have at least

150 and you can definitely find a more

warm tolerant cherry cherry variety for

those for those lower kind of you know

lower chill hour times you might not get

300 but you might get 150 definitely

look into that there's certainly some

out there but most most cherry trees

that grow up until zone 3 will have

about 300 chill hours so that just

ensures that there's a good reset period

so the tree can go dormant send it

goes down tell it that there was a

season change so it will produce fruit

again you can grow cherry trees in

California you know Southern California

just don't count on them just don't

count on them producing much fruit for

you if any because the plant will just

continue growing and turning green but

it won't ever notice there's a season

change which is very important to signal

the next flowering cycle so that's about

that's about it to be honest with cherry

trees hopefully you all enjoyed

hopefully you learn something new and as

always this is Luke reminding you to

grow big or go home see ya bye

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