Betta Fish Care Guide: Everything You Need to Know!

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hello everyone this is Jason from

primetime aquatics and in this video

we're going to be talking about a really

popular fish and that is the better we

have been keeping them in our fish room

for decades and they are super cool a

lot of awesome color really cool footage

can be a great fish for a beginner

provided that you know what to give them

how to care for them we're going to

cover those things in this video

so stay tuned so this is a better better

splendens it is the most common species

of betta kept in the Hobby there are

dozens of other species but this is

going to be our focus today as we're

going to see lots of different varieties

in terms of their finish in terms of

their coloration that's I think what

makes them so popular in the Hobby they

come from parts of Asia the water there

is usually flowing fairly slowly and so

we're gonna try to mimic that in our

aquariums as well so we take a look at

the size I think one of the things that

attracts people the bettas is obviously

first there are amazing coloration and

finish but also the fact that they don't

get super big so they're gonna be

somewhere around that three inch mark

and females will be about the same size

and as you're going to see throughout

this video the coloration is absolutely

phenomenal and that can happen for both

the males and the females where the

females the coloration may be very

similar often their fins are going to be

much shorter than the males that you

would usually find at a pet store and I

think one of the things especially if

you're new to keeping but is that we

have to consider is their temperament

and it can really be all over the board

I've seen butters that are really

relatively laid-back and I've seen but

as that can be they a terror of the fish

tank and so part of that depends on the

individual fish but the other part of

that really depends upon what you're

putting in the tank how big the tank is

and so we're gonna look at those aspects

as well now one of the interesting

things that I've found over time is the

lifespan I have found for a lot of the

big-box store bought bettas they don't

tend to live very long I suspect that's

due to the relatively poor genetics of

some of these lines and so maybe you get

a year or a year and a half out of them

I've also found that when you get them

from a breeder the average life

expectancy tends to go up quite a bit

and so you might get two or three years

out of a betta when you're getting them

from a breeder who's paying attention

to the genetics and making sure that

their line is still healthy when it

comes to keeping them I would highly

recommend a few things often we see them

in the store and they've got their in

these little cups and people take them

home think thing and put them in a bowl

with no heater and no filter and they're

gonna be fine and often that doesn't

work very well and so one of the things

that I would strongly recommend if you

are in a home where the temperature is

usually in the low 70s you're gonna want

a heater for your tank and bring that

temperature up to around 78 degrees or

so they're going to do so much better at

that higher temperature often what

you'll see at a lower temperature let's

say around 70 ish or so 72 they tend to

kind of sulk at the bottom and not do a

whole lot and that's just telling us

that our temperatures are probably a

little bit too cool so definitely get a

heater for your fish tank when you get

about it you're gonna want to filter

just to keep the the nitrification going

so fish are gonna produce ammonia and

then that's gonna be turned into nitrite

and both of those things are really

toxic for your fish and so you want to

have the beneficial bacteria with

filtration we've done videos on that

before I'll put them in the description

below but you want to have those

beneficial bacteria so that

nitrification can happen and that's

going to keep your water a lot better

for your betta now when it comes to the

water parameters the water parameters

are everywhere let's face it you know

when we look across how people are

keeping Bettis throughout even just the

United States for instance our water

it's relatively hard and so it's got a

you know a general hardness somewhere in

that 12 10 to 13 degrees hardness

somewhere in the 180 to 200 parts per

million but they can be kept in that

water they can be kept in much softer

water when it comes to pH I think if

you're right around neutral you're gonna

be pretty safe so you might be able to

go a little bit less certainly be able a

little bit less but for us our pH is

right around at 8.2 and yet they're

thriving and they've been thriving for

years in our water but usually right

around neutral you're gonna be fairly

safe now when it comes to feeding Bettis

it's really not hard they're not all

that picky at least in my experience

they will eat flake food and small

pellets and frozen brine shrimp and

frozen bloodworms it's best if you're

gonna feed them frozen blood where

to chop them up into smaller pieces they

also really like live baby brine shrimp

I've found so if fetters tend not to be

overly picky when it comes to their food

I think one of the things that we need

to consider and probably one of the most

controversial subjects when it comes to

Bedok keeping is the size of the tank

now we have kept bettas in tanks as low

as two and a half I personally wouldn't

go any lower than that long term I know

there are many people out there that

feel that a two and a half gallon tank

is too small for a better because

betters tend not to be a high-energy

fish they're not swinging around quite

as much as let's say your tetras or as

borås or something that's gonna really

be flying around the tank I have found a

two and a half gallon minimum can do it

just fine I've kept them in as large a

tank as a 75 gallon in a community

setting and had good luck there as well

I would say if you're new to fish

keeping the larger the tank that you get

the easier it's going to be to maintain

good water parameters and so certainly a

five and a half gallon even a ten gallon

would be a really good idea even though

we've cut them in a smaller tank we know

how to manage those water parameters

properly to make sure our fish are

healthy the tank size is also gonna have

a major impact on what types of fish you

keep with your betta we get this

question all the time what can I keep

with about it well and a two and a half

gallon the short answer is probably

nothing we have if it works out okay

we've got a betta in with a mystery

snail and that's worked out okay in that

particular setup with that fish that may

not always work you know the larger tank

you have the more options you have and

so on a 2 and a half or maybe even a 5 I

might just keep the betta on its own and

there's a couple reasons for that

there are two types of aggression you

may have to manage and that is your

betta chasing other fish around in a

smaller setting they've got nowhere to

go and so often they're going to get be

down a little bit the other issue is

that if you've got any type of fish that

may then nip your betta they have

nowhere to go and so in those smaller

tanks it might just be better off just

keeping your betta by itself by the time

you get to a 10 gallon tank I think now

you can begin to think about other types

of fish so maybe some pygmy Corey cats

in a 10 game

or some small razz borås or some small

non fit nipping tetris we've done

stocking ideas for two and a half five

and a half 10 gallon fish tanks I'll put

all those in the description below if

you want more information but the most

important thing when you're looking for

tank mates for your betta you want to

make sure that they're not super active

we're just gonna stress your betta out

you want to make sure that they're not

going to be a fish that's known to fit

nip so a lot of the Barb's would

certainly be out gouramis would probably

be a bad idea mollies might not work

even Guppies we've done that before in

larger tanks with some success but you

just have to be careful when you've got

long-finned fish and now they're picking

on one another Cory cats bristlenose

plecos tend to work just fine if you've

got an appropriately sized tank like I

said a lot of the smaller touchwiz razz

borås possibly some platies depending on

the size of the tank are all potential

considerations now when it comes to

decorating your tank what we like to do

is we like to keep it natural and most

of the time and so we'll have usually

some sand or some gravel that the

substrate really doesn't matter is you

know Stan gravel your average aquarium

substrate is going to be fine they don't

really interact with the bottom all that

much when it comes to rock work often

it's better to have smooth rocks as

opposed to sharper rocks because

sometimes bettas like to wedge

themselves in between rocks and get

scraped up a little bit for us we really

like live plants and so you'll see a lot

of our tanks they are often going to be

populated with live plants that helps

manage water parameters and for us we

just like that more natural look but

certainly fake plants are going to be

just fine even when it comes to wood

just make sure that you know sometimes

you get a lot of the spider wood with a

lot of the really sharp ends that may

not be the best for your betta end or

its fins and so if it's gonna be wood

maybe sometimes the Malaysian would some

of those smoother woods might be a

better option filtration is super

important in a better tank I started to

mention this earlier but you do want

some type of filter in a fish tank and

that's gonna help again with keeping the

water parameters correct a lot correct

allowing us to go from ammonia to

nitrite nitrite to nitrate and then we

do our water changes to manage that you

can see in our tanks we've got some

sponge filters the other thing that you

can do is a low-flow hang on the

the big thing here is we don't want a

lot of heavy flow in our fish tank when

we have bettas especially with long fins

because they're gonna be fighting that

current and tiring themselves out and

often what you see is your betta hiding

either at the bottom or stuck in some

kind of a decoration just trying to get

out of that heavy flow so we really want

to reduce the flow and our fish tanks

when it comes to bettas because they

would appreciate that far more than

having a lot of water movement now when

it comes to keeping Bettis together

males cannot be kept together they will

usually kill each other even when they

are kept together next to one another in

separate tanks often we will put paper

or some type of card between the tank so

that they don't wear themselves out

constantly flaring at one another the

other popular idea is to have multiple

females together a better sorority then

for us has not tended to work out well

long term

we tried that even in the 75 gallon tank

and long term it didn't work the Bettis

the female butters just kept fighting to

the point where we just had a couple

left and it's something to consider you

know in a small I think it's definitely

not going to work if you just got a few

the dominant female better will often

kill the other ones in a larger tank

I've seen people make it work but I

would caution you against that

especially if you are new to keeping

fish or new to keeping baddest it's best

just to have one males and females also

cannot usually be kept together now

certain species can but the common betta

not a good idea it will be even if they

mate and we're not really getting to the

breeding side often the female will be

pushed aside and then if the female

doesn't mate with the male there's a

very good chance that that may what male

will eventually harass that female to

the point where she will be killed so

it's best just to keep one betta in a

tank and not mix them with other but is

especially if you're new if you're

looking for more information especially

on how to breed them I will put a link

to create a pet keepings channel in the

description below she would be able to

provide you with some really good

information there so I hope you enjoyed

the video I hope this gives you some

perspective on how to keep them

successfully if you did enjoy the video

share subscribe and we'll see you in the

next one