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Baby Chick Care Basics



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hi I'm Eric Stromberg with Stromberg

Stix and game birds and today we're

gonna be talking about brooder basics

and how to get ready for your baby

chicks and how to successfully raise

baby chicks so if this interests you

watch this video

[Laughter]

welcome to Stromberg chickens brooder

basics video we're gonna be talking

about how the five elements of that you

need to raise your baby chicks so we

need feed water heat space and light so

let's get started first we're gonna talk

about feed here's a baby chick feeder

you can buy these on our website at

starburst chickens calm but let's first

talk about what goes inside these

feeders the actual baby chick feed and

what it is well baby chick feed has a

higher protein raishin ratio than

regular chick food or adult chick food

so baby chicks need a little bit more

protein in their feed then adult birds

do so baby chick food has about 18%

protein and if you're raising baby

guineas which these are baby guineas or

if you're raising game birds or turkeys

you're going to want that protein

percentage even higher because they need

a higher protein percentage to have

those baby chicks be successful right

now they're growing all their feathers

and their muscle and they're you know

they're just developing so they need

that higher percentage so for game birds

as quail turkeys 28 to 30 percent turkey

or game bird starter for baby chicks

baby chick starter food at 18% now some

people will have you feed a medicated

feed now that medication is because

coccidiosis preventative and baby chicks

usually get coccidiosis

from you know a lot of an sanitary

conditions you they get it in warm humid

areas where you're raising them so if

you're worried about coccidiosis by all

means go ahead and purchase a medicated

chick starter that'll help you get off

to a right start and then now we're

gonna talk about the actual chick feeder

we've covered the feed let's talk about

the the kind of the anatomy of a chick

feeder you know there's many different

sizes

and we Styles and we have another video

that discusses chick feeders but we're

just gonna kind of talk about this

generic chick feeder here what makes

this a good chick feeder is for one we

have a larger capacity with this larger

class a jar easy to put on there you can

see these holes well what these holes do

they keep the baby chicks from actually

getting into their feed and you know

walking in their feed or you know having

droppings in their feed but it also it

doesn't allow them to bill out or get

the the feed out of their feeder and on

to the the floor of the brooder so

that's a good feeder it also breaks

apart makes it easy to clean and plastic

is obviously easy to sanitize once again

you're gonna hear me talking about the

sanitation this whole entire time and

true here at Strawbridge we believe you

know goods good sanitation is a key to

success for your baby chick so you

always want to keep that in mind so now

let's just talk about feed and when your

chicks first get there their first days

so what I usually do with baby chicks

and feeding them on their first days is

I I always put down a layer of paper

towels here and on those paper towels I

will sprinkle out a little bit of feed

you can kind of see I already did this

before I started the video coaxing these

little guys out from underneath their

brooder and you can see these guys

they're picking at their feed and I

usually do that for the first one to

three days you know I don't want to do

it any longer than that you know but

what you're really looking to do is

they're really curious right away you

can see them pecking at everything and

they're they're figuring out what their

food is so you can see these guys

they're they're pecking but kind of once

they figure out hey their food is in

their feeder and they start really

eating from their feeders you know it

only takes a few of them to figure out

hey this is my feeder this is where my

food is at and then you can stop putting

the food on the floor and you don't want

to just continually feed food on the

floor because they will be starting to

get into their droppings which is

unsanitary as I mentioned before that is

a way to get coccidiosis and so we don't

want them to be eating off the floor and

getting into their droppings so that's

one thing there

so that I think covers us for for chick

food now let's let's talk about the

waters so here we got a baby chick

waterer you always want to make sure you

have clean fresh water for your baby

chicks

once again key to success there let's

first talk about you know you're getting

your birds in first things first related

to water well what do you want to do

relate into water with these baby chicks

right away

well as you're taking them out of the

box you're gonna take them just like

this you know you want to pick up your

baby chicks real gently and you're just

gonna dip their little beaks in the

water er they'll start to drink and

you're gonna want to do that to each of

the baby chicks right it goes gets a

little water you can see him drink their

tips is head back grab this little guy

dip his beak it oh and there's my three

baby chicks all my baby birds I gave

them water and you know you can kind of

repeat that on that first day that you

get them in you really want to give them

make sure that they know where their

water is just like the feed they've got

to get used to hey this is my water this

is something that I need you know these

are one of the five elements that we

really need to be successful with these

baby chicks so that's why we we can

repeat that and maybe you want to repeat

it on the hour every couple hours that

first day you know you just want to make

sure every chick is doing that and then

watch their behavior their behavior is

key here you want to make sure that

they're drinking and you know once they

start drinking you can you don't have to

continue to dip their beats in so you'll

notice let's now talk about the water

itself so this water right here is

called a no drown fount and just screws

into any mason jar or we sell like a

plastic jar here you can screw it into

this larger plastic jar and that I

really recommend these no drown bounce

especially for the first you know maybe

like week the reason why we call it a no

drown fount is because it doesn't allow

your baby chicks to drown in it well

what makes that possible is this very

small watering trough right here they

can't fit their whole heads in here oh

they can fit is that little beak right

so they can't get their whole head in

there and they can

kind of get in there and drown and so

that's why they call this an ode around

fountain it's very important that they

can't get in there it's also important

that they can't get into there their

founts because they can get a chill so

now here's another water is a very good

water we sell these at strawberries

chickens as well but you see how wide

this watering trough is compared to this

one well that white watering trough

allows the birds to get in there and

they can for one you know get a chill

number two they can also make a mess of

their water much faster this way now

some websites and some forums will say

hey use marbles or rocks in here and you

know put a bunch of marbles in here and

so then the baby chicks you know they'll

still have access to their water but

they won't be able to drown that way

either they won't be able to get in

there well while I don't disagree that

that does work I find it hard to clean

the marbles or the stones that you put

in here versus just cleaning this water

so at Strawbridge we always say you know

sanitation is key I would recommend this

node around fount over this one

especially for those first stages you

know after about a week switch to this

one they'll have better access to the

water and they're not quite as

susceptible to those chills we do sell a

larger water this is a gallon water err

very easy to clean this one it fits your

whole hand into it it's got the no

drought lip but it's also a gallon

capacity which means you're gonna be

filling these a little bit less

especially if you have a lot of chicks

now one thing to consider putting in

your water right when you get your baby

chicks could be this vitamin electrolyte

formula now this is just a scoop to a

gallon or you know this is a quart

container and it would just have a

marking on the scoop to be able to mix

that in so this is one thing that you

can add to help in the success of your

baby chicks so now that we've talked

about water let's talk about heat so now

we've got two different rooters here in

the video

you only need one brooder or heater you

know this this whole thing is called a

brooder but this is actually a small

brooder here

and let's set this back up so first

let's talk about this brooder here this

brooder is going to be what's called a

250 watt leg lamp Rooter or a single

bulb Reuter and what it uses is just a

250 watt light bulb and you would hang

this or clamp it and to to get to that

95 degrees and that's about what the

baby chicks like is 95 degrees and we

always suggest using a thermometer to

know exactly what the temperature is

you're gonna want this about 18 inches

off of the brooder floor and you always

want to find out you know what is that

temperature right underneath the Bloor

now you don't want it any warmer or any

cooler than that and what i always say

with these is i suggest using a chain i

got a length of chain here to hang them

and you might want to use two chains off

of this and you might even want to use

the clamp the the pros of these bruders

they're very economical you can buy

these inexpensively and they're very

easy to set up now the cons of these

bruders are they're not very energy

efficient using a 250 watt light bulb

you're gonna be heating a lot of this

area in this room you're going to feel a

lot of heat coming off of this Bruder

now also with this one you know you're

here I'm showing you hey I want you to

make sure you have a chain on this and I

want you to make sure you you know you

clamp this onto something why would I

tell you that well the reason why I'm

telling you that is they are a fire

hazard

so if a brooder like this falls into

your routing area what can happen with

this 250 watt light bulb is it can catch

your brute that brooder betting on fire

and it is no one happening and it does

happen throughout the poultry world here

and there and so we do always want to

make sure our customers are safe and

they're you know

securing this properly and you always

want to have this this guard in place

and so that's the 250 watt brooder one

other thing with this so you're gonna

start it off at 95 degrees and you're

gonna slowly work it up decreasing by

decreasing by 5 degrees each week until

you hit 70 degrees or the birds fully

feather out that would be when you would

move them into their coop so single lamp

bruiser you'll see that many times so

now this brooder this brooder is one of

my favorite brooders it's a what's

called a radiant heat Rooter and this

model is a Brynn see model from it's

called an eco 20 so now that means it's

up good for brooding 20 chicks and as

you saw you can adjust this so I kind of

kept this loose so I can show you how to

adjust it and sometimes you'll just

leave it right up against the ground

like that

now this brooder isn't going to heat

this whole area to 95 degrees but what

this allows this these birds to do is

they'll doesn't nozzle right up against

this almost like it's the mother hen and

that's how they almost self-regulate how

much heat they're getting so they'll

come in and out from this and you really

want to make it you know low or like I

said on the ground so they can choose

the amount of heat they're getting I do

always still suggest you know put a

thermometer underneath that so you can

tell what it is but this is a more

economic economic all to purchase right

away but the running cost and how much

energy you're going to use from this

brooder is going to be quite a bit less

than your 250 watt bulb usually we have

a video comparing the energy consumption

between these two and it is it is quite

a bit and we'll talk about the

differences between them in that video

but this would be called a radiant heat

and that's where the birds are just

right underneath there and getting the

heat directly and you can see they'll

they'll choose when they want to come

and go and so there we've kind of

covered two different styles of bruders

so you want to make sure that you have

these set up before your baby chicks

come if you're going to be using the

bulb Rooter

you don't want to be a make that sure

that 95 degrees is attained before the

birds are even anywhere near the post

office I suggest setting that up 24

hours in advance okay so then the next

is going to be light and so what you're

going to want for light now with the the

hanging lamp Brewer or the 250 watt

light bulb you don't really need to

supply any other light than that

especially at night but if you are using

one of these radiant Brewers I do

suggest you know doing a daylight cycle

of you know 15 hours of daylight and

then at night you would want to almost

give them a nightlight or just a soft

light bulb or you know it doesn't have

to be direct light on them but enough so

they don't pile up in the corners that

can be one issue if you just need a

completely dark they can panic pile up

in the corners and suffocate themselves

almost so you want to just make sure

that you give them a little bit of a

nightlight alright and so then the next

thing we'd like to discuss is space so

now you can see this brooder it is

plenty big for especially these three

little birds right well what they do

suggest is a half a square foot per bird

and so you want to make sure you're

giving them that and the biggest thing

is is you want to make sure that your

birds are comfortable now with the the

heat lamp brooder you're definitely

going to want to make sure since it's

heating this huge area you want to make

sure that you give them enough space not

only to get close to the brooder heat

but to get away from it so you want to

be up them to be able to cool down when

they need to and that is one big thing

that some customers don't think of

especially on their first time is that

they don't give their birds enough space

to cool down from now with these

brooders it's not quite as critical that

they can get as far away from it but

like I did say do suggest I do suggest

leaving one side down and one side up so

they can get real close to the heat and

they can go from cold where the side is

further away from the brooder floor to

warm closer to the brooder floor and

that's how they'll regulate their heat

and then by using this space away from

the brooder as well sometimes with these

radiant heat bruger's I do suggest

putting the the food and water closer

so especially the newly hatched chicks

they don't have to go as far to get

their food and water one last thing that

I'm going to talk about your baby chicks

and I touched on the vitamin

electrolytes in the water the last thing

I'm going to touch on is we do sell a

product that's called grow gel and this

is a great product and I just mix it

right here very easy it's it's like

nutritional jello for your baby chicks

you'll see these guys they know what

they're getting

they've already been exposed to this and

so what I'll do is I'll just mix this up

really easy to mix and what this has is

it's got probiotics and vitamins and

your chicks you'll see these guys

they'll go nuts for it

but they like it they're curious enough

just kind of like the feet on the ground

they start to eat it they realize it

that it's high in nutrition and then

they continue eating it we can send this

out with your invoice very easily with

your your order

so that's brooding basics from

Strawbridge chicks and gamers I hope you

enjoy brooding and enjoy those baby

chicks thank you