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4th Grade Language Arts Compilation



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Wow we are gonna learn so many cool

things on this home school pop video all

right what's the first thing we should

learn how about metaphors that's a fun

word to say isn't it metaphors you're

gonna understand what metaphors are and

how to use them first what is a metaphor

what is a metaphor well a metaphor is a

way of comparing two things it's not the

only way to compare two things but it's

a very interesting and creative way of

comparing two things you might have seen

examples of metaphors in books and in

poetry and there's a really big chance

that you use metaphors in your everyday

speech as you're speaking to people we

just use metaphors from time to time and

Bob loves using metaphors when he speaks

to me he loves comparing things in a

really creative way metaphors are unique

because they compare things without

using the words like or as and we're

gonna look at some examples at first

they're going to look a little bit weird

but then you'll get the hang of it and

you'll see how fun they are to use

here's an example

Ben was a cheetah at the race today then

was a cheetah at the race today we are

comparing in this sentence been to a

cheetah because he went so fast and

cheetahs are the fastest land animals in

the world so we're comparing then to a

cheetah

it's a metaphor because we're making

this comparison without using the words

like or as

we mentioned earlier that metaphors can

sound silly that's because in our

example Ben is not really a cheetah even

though we said Ben was a cheetah at the

race today it's a way of comparing that

makes sound like there's no difference

between them at all let's look at our

metaphor again Ben was a cheetah at the

race today is a metaphor it's comparing

Ben to the cheetah and it's not using

the words like or as okay let's pretend

we did use the word like or as what if

our example was Ben was like a cheetah

at the race today that makes it a

different type of comparison called a

simile a simile a simile is different

than a metaphor because a simile makes a

comparison using the words like or ads

remember metaphors are comparisons that

do not use like or as metaphors

metaphors are comparisons that do not

use like or as look at this example the

snow was a white blanket on the ground

the snow was a white blanket on the

ground in this metaphor we are comparing

the snow to a blanket notice you don't

see the word like or as this is

definitely a metaphor because it's a

comparison that is not using the word

like or as let's think back to our

examples the first one Ben is compared

to a cheetah and he is called a cheetah

the comparison doesn't use the word like

or ass so that was a metaphor a metaphor

speaking to how fast Dan was running

in our second example the snow was

compared to a blanket the metaphor said

that the snow was a blanket on the

ground that's a comparison that is not

using the word like or as the second

metaphor speaks to the appearance of the

snow on the ground metaphors a metaphor

is a comparison that does not use the

words like or as look at this example

learning is a piece of cake with home

school pop who's a good example learning

is a piece of cake with home school pup

this is a metaphor comparing the

learning that you get with home school

pop to cake to a piece of cake a piece

of cake is a common metaphor speaking to

how easy something is just like it's

easy to eat a piece of cake learning

with home school pop in this example is

easy this is the metaphor learning is

being compared to a piece of cake

without using the words like or as

[Music]

metaphors are comparisons that do not

use like or as they're simple they're

fun and they are a creative way of

comparing two things I am a block of ice

know that that's not a metaphor I'm not

comparing myself the ice I'm frozen okay

guys mr. whiskers was in this lab with

me mr. whis mr. whiskers

this ice is melting shouldn't take too

long

where's mr. West cars metaphors a way of

comparing two things without using like

grass but this is not a metaphor Hey

whoa okay first of all elephants don't

drive okay elephants can't get a

driver's license and he's driving on the

grass grow in the let's go all right

this is out of hand okay I don't tell me

what you can do what you can't do what

you can't drive all right oh my goodness

all right next we are going to learn

about homophones homophones are really

really weird okay they're very weird

homophones are weird like a cow that

works in the city this doesn't happen I

mean that's just like what so many

questions why is this cow here who

taught this cow how to wave why is this

cow wearing clothes weird I don't know

if you believe me really homophones are

weird I mean they are weird I mean

really really weird okay I know I'm

repeating myself you need to understand

these are really

weird words and we're gonna show you why

you see homophones are words that sound

the same but have different meanings and

spelling another way of saying that is

homophones are words that sound the same

but look different and don't mean the

same thing they're kind of tricky weird

words that they sound the same but they

look different and they don't mean the

same thing okay I think you're ready

it's time to meet the homophones we want

to give you some examples of these words

that sound the same but they look

different and they don't mean the same

thing homophones same sound different

spelling and meaning like nose and nose

they sound the same don't they the exact

same they're homophones because they've

got very different meanings don't they

the first nose is a part of your body

the second nose is when you have

knowledge about something something in

your mind

he knows what homophones are they have

the same sound but different spelling

and different meaning it's tricky isn't

it it's a little weird

homophones homophones same sound

different spelling and meaning like 8

and 8 they sound the exact same don't

they but one is a number write this

first eight is a number the second eight

has to do with eating the baby ate the

watermelon eight and eight are

homophones homophones same sound

different spelling and meaning like hay

and hay they sound the exact same but

their homophones aren't they because the

first hay means hello and it smelled

differently

hello hey it's an informal way of saying

hello just like this friendly little

bird is doing right now

hey the second hey is food for horses

they sound the same but they have

different spelling and different meaning

hey

and hey are homophones we want to make

sure you really understand this

homophones are words that sound the same

but have different meanings and spelling

like by and by this first by means near

are close to the photographer that took

this picture was by the grasshopper this

second by means to purchase you do this

at stores don't you this person is

buying an apple buy and buy their

homophones here's our final example of

homophones flew and flew this first flew

isn't very fun at all it's a type of

sickness the second flu is a lot more

fun this is a seagull that is flying the

seagull flew over the ocean flew and

flew they sound the exact same but they

are very different words aren't they

they are homophones now this is

something crazy did you know there are

over 7,000 homophones in the English

language over 7,000 and that's why we

can't talk about all of them here

there are homophones that you probably

know that we didn't have time to cover

today

but there are over 7,000 of them in the

English language hey can you think of

any other homophones maybe after you

watch this video try to come up with a

list of homophones that you might know

that we didn't cover in this video there

are a lot of fun

that's a heavy card oh goodness oh oh

it's hard work you know a lot of times

learning can be hard work too but we

hope that these videos are really

helpful make learning fun so that

learning is hard like pushing this cart

oh my goodness

alright what's the next thing we should

learn about let's learn about

prepositions yeah wow what a cool

sounding word what are prepositions

you're about to find out and then you'll

just be able to say prepositions and

you'll know exactly what you're talking

about it's gonna be cool first we want

to show you this okay you might be

saying why are you showing us a bridge

there's a good reason for that

it's a very good reason for that we're

gonna just keep that a secret for now

but for now just look at this picture of

a bridge bridges are so cool aren't they

they're so cool there's structures that

connect to sides of things don't they

you can see the storm clouds are coming

it's probably gonna start raining you

know the photographer probably was

running for cover you know but this is a

nice picture of a bridge here's another

picture of a bridge do you know the name

of this bridge pretty famous pretty

famous bridge

yeah the Golden Gate Bridge

okay the Golden Gate Bridge if you

didn't know that you need to check out

our video on the Golden Gate Bridge some

fascinating facts there you're gonna

love it

you're gonna love sharing those with

your friends and your family and

everyone's gonna be like what let's look

at the Golden Gate Bridge again it's an

amazing bridge and a bridge connects two

sides a bridge you might be wondering

what does this have to do with

prepositions I thought we're talking

about prepositions not bridges what is

going on here well that is what a

preposition is okay

a bridge a preposition is okay in the

world of words and grammar it's not

really a bridge you can't drive a car on

a preposition and you wouldn't be able

to do it but a preposition works just

like a bridge in the world of words a

preposition is a bridge that comes

before a noun or pronoun and connects it

to the rest of the sentence and this is

how it works for example let's say we've

got a noun at the end here and then

we've got the rest of the sentence now

we've got a problem there's a big gap

something's got to go in between now

let's say the part with the noun is my

backpack and the rest of the sentences I

put my book

I put my book my backpack the lonely

backpack we need a connecting word

we need a bridge so we put in a

preposition ya preposition a bridge word

a connecting word that will connect the

noun at the end to the rest of the

sentence so we're going to use the

preposition in so it would read like

this I put my book in my backpack

now the noun backpack is connected to

the rest of the sentence let's look at

this example Charles loves to rest the

floor uh-oh there's a gap we're gonna

need a bridge we're gonna need a

preposition to connect floor to the rest

of the sentence aren't we let's try the

preposition on Charles loves to rest on

the floor oh it's perfect on is

connecting floor to the rest of the

sentence Charles loves to rest on the

floor oh it's perfect that's perfect

I love prepositions

[Music]

prepositions can talk about place time

or movement here are some examples of

prepositions that talk about place on

over at in around under below above

behind these are all prepositions that

talk about place or placement not

interesting let's look at this example

Beth enjoy skating the lake uh-oh

there's a gap we need a preposition

we're gonna need a preposition that

talks about place let's try around Beth

enjoy skating around the lake that's the

perfect preposition for that it connects

Lake to the rest of the sentence Beth

enjoy skating around the lake

prepositions is already pretty cool

they're pretty awesome pretty pretty

amazing alright you gotta connect and we

need the connecting words we need the

bridges we need prepositions now

prepositions can talk about time as well

[Music]

look at these prepositions before during

after these are prepositions these are

bridge words connecting words they're

prepositions that talk about time look

at this example it snowed 4 inches the

day oh we're definitely gonna need a

preposition there aren't we oh my

goodness

what's a preposition we could use for

the sentence let's try the preposition

during during so our sentence would read

it snowed 4 inches during the day wow

that's perfect that's the perfect bridge

word the perfect connecting word the

perfect preposition now prepositions can

also express movement whoa like these

prepositions through towards to into

across along these are prepositions

bridge words connecting words that

express movement let's try this one

we were glad we went the game uh-oh

we're definitely gonna need a

preposition we have to connect game to

the rest of the sentence

let's try to we were glad we went to the

game to is one of the prepositions that

express movement we were glad we went to

the game and now the word game is

connected to the rest of the sentence

prepositions can also just seem random

like about of and from you just memorize

these words as prepositions because they

do kind of seem random about of and from

are all prepositions to here's our next

sentence we enjoy taking care the birds

uh-oh there's a gap we're gonna need to

fill that with a bridge word of

preposition aren't we what is a

preposition that you think would go well

there which one do you think fits in

that like a puzzle we enjoy taking care

the birds

yeah of of we enjoy taking care of the

birds of is a preposition it's a bridge

word connecting birds with the rest of

the sentence now here's something that

can be tricky prepositions can also

appear at the beginning of a sentence

the preposition still has a noun coming

after it and then there's the rest of

the sentence but the preposition is

still connecting the noun to the rest of

the sentence let's show you with an

example alright here we go

after dinner ooh afters the preposition

after dinner I enjoy reading a book Wow

now notice it's still a bridge word and

it's still connecting dinner

that's the noun to the rest of the

sentence even though it appears at the

beginning it's still a bridge words

still a connecting word so if you see a

preposition at the beginning of a

sentence don't freak out it's okay

sometimes they go there

[Music]

prepositions are connecting words and

Wow just like bridges they're a great

time they're awesome and they just

they're just cool they're just cool who

else is a fan of prepositions anybody

anybody no one you like prepositions now

right you love them right you love

prepositions they're connecting words

they're bridge words Wow mom you're

doing such a great job in your race I

had no idea you were an athlete okay I

mean with all that cloth wrapped around

you're doing great you're doing a great

job just like these kids are doing a

great job learning in fact how about

this the next thing we're gonna learn

about is action verbs which sounds

exciting because it is exciting well

first things first what is an action

verb huh what is an action verb the

truth is in order to understand what an

action verb is you have to understand

what a noun is remember a noun is a

person place or thing a person like a

teacher a place like a gas station or a

thing like an alarm clock

if it's a person place or thing it's a

noun

okay so what is an action verb well

action verbs are words that tell you

what nouns do oh it's so cool we'll say

it again action verbs are words that

tell you what nouns do and won't give

you some examples all right now we're

gonna look at some action verbs for the

nouns we just saw

remember action words are words that

tell you what nouns do so our first one

what do teachers do what does this

teacher do yes teaches teaches is a good

action verb it's what this noun does

what this teacher does what else does

this teacher do this teacher helps yeah

[Music]

all right onto the gas station what does

a gas station do well gas station sells

doesn't it it sells gasoline and other

things what else does a gas station do

what's another action verb for a gas

station well gas station fuels the gas

station fuels your car and fuels is an

action verb great let's try the alarm

clock what does an alarm clock do what

are some action verbs that describe what

an alarm clock does well an alarm clock

ticks doesn't it tick tick tick tick

that's one action verb for an alarm

clock another action verb let me give

you a hint this is what an alarm clock

does when you need to wake up what does

it alarm clock do when you need to wake

up

it rings yeah an action verb is rings

[Music]

action verbs describe what nouns do a

teacher teaches and helps a gas station

sells and fuels and an alarm clock ticks

and rings huh

let's think of some more real-life

examples of action verbs awesome here's

a picture of a rat pretty cute for a rat

most people think mice are cute mice are

cute too rats can be cute just so you

understand now what does this rat do in

the picture what is the action verb what

does this rat do yeah this rat eats

great job eats is the action verb it's

describing what this noun does what does

this rat do this rat eats eats is the

action verb let's look at this picture

what does this dog do in the picture

what does this dog do what's the action

verb yeah this dog runs the action verb

for this picture is ones this dog runs

[Music]

cool let's look at this one what does

this lady do in the picture what does

this lady do what is the action verb ah

huh this lady reads reads is the action

verb

good job

Wow look at this what does this man do

in the picture what's the action verb

what does this man do

aha yeah

this man swims swims is the action verb

awesome action verbs are words that tell

us what nouns do all right you're ready

ready you might not feel like it you're

ready you know this action verbs stuff

you're doing a great job let's play the

action verb game yes okay so here's how

we play the action verb game we're gonna

show you a sentence and you tell us

which word you think is the action verb

let's get started okay here's our first

one the little girl sang the little girl

sang which word is the action verb yeah

sang sang is the action verb because it

tells us what the noun does good job

[Music]

let's try this one he speaks to his

mother he speaks to his mother which

were is the action verb

[Music]

aha

speaks speaks is the action verb it's

the word that tells us what the noun

does the noun

he speaks speaks is the action verb good

job okay

let's look at this one now they grow

flowers they grow flowers which word is

the action verb you got the hang of this

awesome grow grow is the action verb

it's the word that tells us what the

noun does a good job okay the last one

the kids watch home school pop the kids

watch home school pop which word is the

action verb yeah watch is the action

verb to new adventures we fly fly is an

action verb it's what I do we are so

happy to have you with us I mean you are

so awesome you really are oh you like my

poster here mr. whiskers poster you know

it's pretty cool pretty cool you know

it's a pretty cool poster pretty cool

cat - I wonder what he would like to

learn about next if he would learn from

one of our videos what would he like to

learn next hmm

how about hmm what's learn about similes

similes are a lot of fun to use in fact

you probably already use similes maybe

even without realizing it

you might be wondering what are similes

how could I have used them if I don't

even know what they are

similes are actually a way of comparing

two things we compare things all of the

time

look at this comparison the baby sleeps

like a koala in this sentence we are

comparing the baby to a koala what's the

comparison but the baby sleeps like a

koala this is a comparison look at this

comparison his sister is as gentle as a

lamb his sister is as gentle as a lamb

the comparison is between his sister and

the lamb and the gentleness is what

makes them similar his sister is as

gentle as a lamb that's a comparison

let's look at both of our comparisons

again the baby sleeps like a koala and

his sister is as gentle as a lamb you

want to know something interesting about

these comparisons these comparisons are

similes that's right both of these

sentences are similes you see similes

are comparisons that use the words like

or as if there's a comparison that uses

the words like or as then you know that

that comparison is assimil II

look at this sentence learning is as

easy as pie Wow learning is being

compared to having pie

easy as pie is a very common simile that

means easy just like it's easy to eat

pie in this sentence

learning is as easy as pie it's easy to

learn learning is as easy as pie

this is a simile because it is a

comparison using the word as remember

similes are comparisons that use the

words like or as similes are a way of

comparing things using the words like or

as look at this simile the strawberries

are red like roses the strawberries are

red like roses we know that this is a

simile because it is a comparison and

notice the word like the word like means

if it's a comparison that it is a simile

[Music]

the strawberries are being compared to

the roses and what do the strawberries

have in common with the roses yeah

they're both red the strawberries are

red like the roses this is a simile

similes are easy to spot a simile is a

comparison and you're looking for one of

two words you're hunting for the word

like or as if the comparison uses either

of these words you know it's a simile

and what's cool is now you can use the

word like or the word as in your

comparisons to make your very own

similes isn't that awesome

Wow

he is as happy as a clam that he knows

what similes are now simile because it

uses the word as you no comparison that

uses the word like or as is a simile

he's as happy as a clam he's as happy as

a homeschool pop viewer right you know

he's as happy as mr. whiskers oh wow

look at the homophone cow homophone cow

homophone cow he you just walk you're

just gonna ignore me okay so you're

upset no we haven't included you in

other videos what do you call this you

know you're in a compilation video

that's cool - all right I need to talk

to the homophone cow but in the meantime

let's learn about sentence fragments the

beach is so wonderful standing here with

my shopping cart and there's one word

that comes to mind when I'm standing

here looking at the Sun setting this is

complete what else could you want you're

standing on a beach don't make fun of

the shopping cart and I might find

something at the beach okay you don't

bring a shopping cart to the beach

that's weird okay I got a shopping cart

I feel complete this is complete to me

this makes me feel happy

you know sentences can be like that too

you see sentences like to be complete

they love to be complete a sentence

always has a subject and a verb a

sentence wants to be complete because

without a subject and a verb it's not a

sentence anymore

in fact it's something else it's a

sentence fragment but let me not get too

far ahead of myself always remember the

sentence has to have a subject and kind

of like every cool birthday party has to

have a baby and Chomsky Chomsky I

haven't forgotten about the Hat so you

could come to my party but that's still

still rod so so hurts all right let's

get back again so a sentence always has

a subject and a verb that means a

sentence is a group of words that has a

subject and a verb it needs to have both

otherwise it's not a sentence a sentence

is a group of words that has a subject

and a verb like this the dog plays catch

doesn't have a subject and a verb the

subject is the word dog and the verb is

which words which word is the verb yeah

clays

this is a sentence it has a subject and

a verb which means it's expressing a

complete stop this is complete there's a

subject there's a verb we know what's

going on and there's no way this dog is

catching this ball or maybe this dog

will catch the ball who knows

let us know in the comments which one

you think will happen you think he's

gonna catch it or do you think it's

gonna fall to the ground who knows or

look at this one the pig swims with a

friend the pig swims with a friend

is there a subject and is there a verb

as well well yeah the subject is pig the

pig but is there a verb which word is

the verb yea swims so this has a subject

and a verb this is a sentence I mean

it's got a subject and it's got a verb

and expressing a complete thought it's

not missing anything it's complete it's

got the subject it's got the verb it is

a sentence so what happens if a group of

words is missing a subject or a verb

well then it's kind of like me on the

beach without my shopping cart

you know it's missing something a

sentence fragment is a group of words

that is missing a subject or a verb

that's what it's called as a sentence

fragment when it's missing something

when it's just part of a sentence it's

missing something it's not a complete

sentence it's a sentence fragment kind

of like being on the beach would help my

cards a sentence fragment is incomplete

it's missing something

we're going to show you some sentence

fragments so you can see that they're

incomplete they're missing something

they're missing either a subject or a

verb all right I'm ready to look at them

sentence fragments are groups of words

that are missing something like this the

book under the table what the book under

the table where's the verb there's no

verb it has a subject the book but

there's no verb it doesn't tell us

what's going on with the book what about

the book under the table there's so many

unanswered questions this is not a

complete thought the book under the

table is a sentence fragment

or how about this one ran to school ran

to school it doesn't have a subject who

ran to school we have so many questions

about this this is not a complete

thought it doesn't tell us who it's

talking about every sentence has to have

a subject and a verb this has the verb

Rand but it doesn't have a subject ran

to school is not a complete sentence

it's a sentence fragment look at this

one the old car on the road wait a

second this doesn't have a verb the old

car on the road it's missing something

isn't it's a sentence fragment it's not

telling us what the old car on the road

is doing it's just saying the old car on

the road well what about it what about

it what is the old car on the road doing

this is a sentence fragment it's a group

of words that's missing something

and our final sentence fragment is mr.

whiskers on thirst a wait a second what

mr. whiskers what did you do on Thursday

it's a sentence fragment no I know what

does it do mr. whiskers you don't speak

English do you I have no idea what you

did out Thursday because they don't give

you all the information there's no verb

I don't know what mr. whiskers did on

Thursday that's not a complete sentence

you gotta have a subject and a verb

fish fish I hope you shave you know I I

go to the beach with my shopping card on

Thursdays everything to review a

sentence fragment is a group of words

that is missing a subject or a verb now

a sentence always has a subject and a

verb a sentence fragment though is

missing either a subject or a verb a

sentence fragment is missing something

Wow we are super proud of you now you

know what a sentence fragment is you

know that a sentence fragment is a group

of words that is missing the subject or

a verb and you know that a sentence has

both a subject and a verb a sentence

shares a complete thought but a sentence

fragment is missing something pretty

cool huh

so the next time somebody says something

to you that isn't a complete thought you

could say hey that was a sentence

fragment because you completed the video

that is so impressive

well you might notice there's a circle

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learning learning is so cool