Know Your 4X4, Beginners Tips

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howdy this video is all about you

understanding your full drive so if you

have a new one or if you just started

out for driving this video is for you

subscribers welcome back first-time

viewers hi

I'm Ronnie from four-wheeling in Western

Australia calm the full drive and

camping information website helping you

to get out there into the wilderness in

the comfort of your own four-wheel drive

okay so to kick off this video we're

going to start with how to engage full

drive in your vehicle now every vehicle

is different and the best thing you can

do is actually grab your owner's manual

and read it because every vehicle is

different from time to time when we're

out in a track there's always someone

who hasn't been off-road before or

hasn't been offroad often and then

actually forgets how to engage his

vehicle in the full drive that's pretty

common it's a lot more common than what

you think so as an example this is my

Land Cruiser manual in my vehicle I can

shift from second high to four high on

the fly while I'm driving at any speed

that's what the manual says in the Jeep

for example you can do the same thing as

well but in some vehicles it may require

you to stop and then put it into full

drive or to or drive but the manual will

tell you when you go to for low low

range so you got high range you're low

range when you go to low range most

vehicles will need to be dead still some

vehicles will need to be in the neutral

position especially in automatics but

it's all different still my vehicle can

be still rolling at about eight

kilometres an hour that's what the

manual says there's a lot of different

variants you can't just take advice from

your buddy who's in a different vehicle

every vehicle has its own specific way

so read your manual before you go out

and we'll save you a lot of trouble

so another thing you need to know about

your vehicle as well when you go to

engage for drive is does it have manual

locking hubs or automatic hubs the

difference is the manual hubs you've got

to get out and you're going to lock them

yourself with the auto hubs you don't

see the hub it's activated from inside

the vehicle or by push button or by

lever in this case if we were to put the

Jeep in a forward drive with the this

one has a lever by the lever it'll be in

full drive because the hubs lock

automatically on my land cruiser however

on this type of land cruiser 70 series

if I hop in and put the lever into full

drive full drive high or full drive low

if I haven't locked the hubs it's not in

full drive it's still in two-wheel drive

so you must get out and lock manual hubs

and you don't have to unlock them when

you go back to tool drive

another thing you need to work out about

your vehicle is it a part time for drive

or a full time for drive let's start

with part time for drive part time for

drive is like the Jeep and the Land

Cruiser here basically it's only a two

wheel drive vehicle until you tell it to

be a full drive vehicle by pressing a

button or pushing the lever to get it

into full drive that's a part time for

draw a full size full drive is it's like

an all-wheel drive

all four wheels work in a system of like

stability control so what happens is

it's safer on road now you'll find that

the 200 series Land Cruiser has it and

there's a few other vehicles Land Rover

etc with those vehicles if you take him

off road without telling it to go into

proper fall drive you will still get

bogged quite easily that won't be as

capable until you put it into full drive

this is also known as locking the center


this thing that's worth working out

wherever your vehicle has it or not is

traction aids like trash and control

vehicle stability ABS stuff it up if

your vehicle has trash and control you

may want to turn it off in certain

situations because trash and control

does not work offroad so keep that in

mind because if you're stuck in a sin

you can't work out why just try and

switch the traction control off and

don't forget every time you turn your

car off and turn it back on you have to

disengage it again because it's part of

your safety system in the vehicle

however if you do put it in low range

most vehicles should turn it off and in

the case of this Jeep it works in the

background and it works really well

actually so it turns into a secret

weapon for them other things in my land

cruiser I'm lucky to have front and rear

differential lockers now if you're not

sure differential lockers are there is a

link in the description below that'll

tell you all about differential lockers

now if your vehicle does happen to have

differential lockers they are a secret

weapon when used in the correct way


grab your manual and have a look it will

explain a lot to you in theirs or how to

use them how to engage them and how to

turn them off

important thing to know about your

vehicle is where your air intake is now

on mine I have a snorkel so it doesn't

really worry me

I can go to water up to here but on a on

a stock vehicle or a vehicle that

doesn't have a raise there and take or

anything it could be quite low so you

need to work out where that is before

you go into any water and I would stay

out of water until you know where it is

really another thing that's worthy of

finding out is getting on your vehicle

and finding out where your diff

breathers are and you transfer case any

gearbox normally they're only about this

much above from where they actually pop

out what you want to do is extend them

if you're going to go through deeper

water but what I'm saying is just work

out where they are so you know how deep

of water you can go through before

possibly sucking in water into your diff

gearbox transfer case etc because you

don't want water in there it will start


explain angles of your vehicle I'm not

about Elvis or fight this is going to be

my measuring stick so to speak there are

angles on your vehicle the front of your

vehicle is called approach angle then

you have the middle of the vehicle ramp

over angle and then you have the back

angle which is departure angle what you

do is to work out your angle you draw a

line from the front of your ties across

and then you find a lowest point at the

very front at your vehicle and then you

stick your stick to the line to the

lowest point that's your angle you're

not going to walk around with a stick

out in the bush and go oh I have a

approached angle of 40 degrees I'm going

to get my angle out and measure that

rock you're not going to do that that's

just silly what you're going to do is

though you're going to get a rough idea

of your approach angle the idea is so

you don't have to get out of your

vehicle and check every single time the

first couple of times you probably still

will anyway because you'll be a bit

worried but it's there so you get a

rough idea of your angle and also you

can check your angle versus another

vehicle who's just done the same thing

and then you can get an idea if you're

going to make the obstacle the same way

he did or not that's another good reason

to use a stick

okay so ramp angle that's the middle of

your vehicle so basically it's aligned

from both wheels up to the last point of

you're over your car the ramp of angle

in all honesty if you put sticks there

and have a look you're still not really

going to work out exactly where it is

you're just going to get out there and

give it a go and when he when you do go

over big mounds just do it slow have a

spotter and then after a while you

realize how much you can push your

vehicle with the ramp angle to this day

I still I still hit my drive shaft in

the middle every now and then because I

get it wrong and of course the departure

angle same thing line across the back of

your tires I don't one that before and

there you go you can see it's a big

difference from the

on my vehicle that's because I have a

tray back now tray back Utes or pickups

don't have the most forgiving departure

angle just be mindful though approach

angle you go up something it doesn't

mean that your arson isn't going to drag

as well so just be mindful of that


usually the last point will be the diff

in my case is a death but at the back

it's the rear leaf spring now you can

see on my vehicle the death is to this

side a lot of them have them in the

middle however mine is on that side so

I've memorized where that is so if I

come up to a boulder that's you know

that's going to hit my deaf even though

I have a protection plate on it I will

then know that I've got to shift across

that way to put the rock about here or

drive over a rock with my tire to avoid

hitting my death and the same goes for

the back now most vehicles with a diff

that's not yet that's off-center most of

them will have it the same on the front

and rear but not all of them so be

mindful of that too now this is solid

axle vehicle so on an independent front

suspension vehicle the diff those gifts

are always in the middle and they're up


thanks for watching I hope you learn

some good points and don't forget if

you're unsure about anything in your

vehicle your user manual is your best

friend speaking of best friends go check

out our website it's jam-packed load it

with free full drive and camping

information good for beginners to

advanced so do check that out also you

can stay updated with all of our videos

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it'll go straight to you and we already

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thanks for watching take care out in the

tracks and trails and I might catch you

out there see ya