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How to Draw 3D Shapes - Exercises for Beginners



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today we're sketching three-dimensional

shapes

[Music]

whatup friends we're on here thank you

for joining me in another video today I

want to do something a little special so

I want us to work together on sketching

three-dimensional shapes and I'm gonna

make it a little interesting because

there are quite a few videos out there

on drawing cubes and pyramids and ovals

and things like this to talk about how

to create a sense of depth and

three-dimensionality so we're gonna go a

bit over that but then I want to share

with you a funny sort of exercise or

doodle session that I used to do with

myself just since I was really young and

I just intuitively did it because I

enjoyed it but when I think back at it

it really improved my visual perception

and skills

it's just something so simple that

anyone can do it and it's a simple

exercise that anyone can do and just

really improve the way you perceive

objects and your ability to rotate them

in mind okay now I'm gonna do quite a

bit in this video so if you want if you

want me to focus on a specific topic in

the future let me know in the comment

below I know I'm kind of all over the

place but then I think it wraps up

really nicely and then we can I think

zoom in on a specific topic if you want

to okay so don't forget to leave it in a

comment below if you want me to focus on

something specific and with that being

said let's get started

okay so let's get started and the goal

here is to really just have fun and sort

of practice our ability to understand

three-dimensional shapes and draw them

okay

I'll be using the new favor castle pen I

do need to and some of you mentioned in

the comments I do still need to

demonstrate sort of a water resistance

or waterproof test with watercolor just

so that we can better know if this can

really endure watercolor but that's for

another video you can use a pen or

anything a pencil or anything else you

want I'll be working with a pen okay so

basically the simplest three-dimensional

shape that you can create it's just sort

of a ball okay so in this case we have

this

it's just a circle now without any

shadows or anything it's not even a ball

so I'm just gonna add a small shadow

here to the side okay but this is not

really that interesting you know you can

play around with it and create sort of

an egg egg like shapes sort of ellipses

or ovals which is nice but that's not

really too interesting so what I want to

work on is just the next kind of best

thing and the easiest shape to work on

is a cube now the cube is very simple I

actually did a few videos on that but

the cube is very simple to draw so

basically it's like drawing the simplest

way of drawing it is just if you draw

two kind of parallelograms or trapezoid

or whatever you want to call that shape

kind of like this and then you sort of

connect all of the corners and then you

get a transparent cube okay there's tons

of ways to do this you can just sort of

draw a square then pull vertical lines

connect them and you get a cube now

where the real value comes from is

practicing drawing the cube in many

different angles okay so if we look at

the cube straight from the front like

this the way the arrow indicates what we

will get is just a square okay like this

or a sort of a rectangular depending on

the cube now if we look a bit more from

the right so think about it this way

we're looking at it dead-on if we look a

bit to the right we're gonna see a

little bit more of its right side again

this is what I want to show you now so

we still have that kind of a square

shape but now we can see a bit of its

right side okay now the more we turn it

the less we're gonna see from the front

and the more we're gonna see from the

side so we have sort of a little bit

less of this and a little bit more of

this side okay and the more we turn it

we will get much less from the left side

and more of the right side okay so if

this is the right side let me just put

in some sort of a shadow on it just to

indicate where it is okay and you can

see it's sort of the more we look from

the right the more we see this site now

let's take into consideration also

looking from above so if we'll take this

cube and we'll just look at it from

above we're gonna see a bit more of the

top plane okay so this is what I want to

do now so I'm just gonna do it a little

larger just this is sort of an intro now

we're gonna make it a little larger so

basically to get a better view of the

top this line is gonna have to be

squeezed and not be completely

horizontal but rather a bit diagonal

okay then this line same thing it's

gonna be a bit of an angle this and now

we get to see using parallel lines to

this one and parallel lines to this one

we get to see a bit of the top okay and

we can also see that left side and the

right side okay and this is the right

side from earlier on that I kept sort of

darkening this side and the more we

change our angle the more we're gonna

see of that top plane okay so if we look

more from above this line is gonna be

even more diagonal and this line also is

as well it's gonna be a little more

diagonal and then you get this sort of a

cube look and I think a really good

exercise will be just to try out as many

variations as possible maybe even

putting it in perspective so if you have

one point perspective meaning we get

closer to the cube enough so that the

distance of us from this area will be

significantly different from this area

what happens in this example and I will

make a more detailed video about that

because that's a bit of a more complex

object so if we look at the cube let's

say like in this angle from far away it

looks just like we did here you have

sort of a square and then the side side

plane but the closer we get to it the

more significant the difference in

distance is between us and the front

plane and the back side so what will

happen is that you'll sort of get a

sight that's moving towards

a vanishing point just like in the

principles of perspective okay so you'll

get this sort of a a change in the way

these lines work and and this is when I

draw buildings it's all based on that

the more extreme it will get the more

you will see the soul let's just create

another one for fun and here will really

put perspective into consideration and

you can see here sort of these lines

move all towards this imaginary

imaginary vanishing point is what it's

called okay and I will make a more

detailed video about that I promise

now this so this is for the cube and I

think it's a really good exercise to

play around with it move it around try

and imagine it from different location

from different angles and maybe also

working with a transparent cube from

time to time so you can kind of turn it

around in your head and try and draw it

now you won't always succeed it's not

really easy if you don't have that sort

of perception but with practice you'll

be able to do that so this for the cube

now we have some other shapes for

example one simple shape is a pyramid so

we can have this sort of a pyramid that

has let's see if I can get it to look

properly so we have this pyramid for

example now this pyramid has four sides

it has one meaning four sides on the on

the top okay I'm gonna show you what I

mean in a moment but there is one two

and then if I turn it into a transparent

structure you can see there is one here

two here three here and 4 here so if we

look at it from the very top we'll get

to see something like this this is the

pointy Center and we have one into like

this and this is it so for example if

light would come from this direction

you'll get a sort of heavy shadow on

this side

these ones are gonna be a little darker

but not that dark and you will have a

cast shadow that sort of the the pyramid

casts to this side okay now if we move

that a bit in space so let's imagine

we're lowering our angle we're gonna get

to see more of this side

I'm just gonna draw it a little larger

so more from this side a little less

from this side so we'll get something

like this and these sides stay kind of

similar and that way you can see it just

feels like we went a little lower in

space okay but we're still looking at it

quite from the top now if we will lower

the angle a bit more we'll get to see

even more of this side here and maybe

barely anything from this side and just

a bit of the side view so when you get

really to a side view like from here

you'll only see kind of a triangle okay

now in addition to this pyramid there's

another type of pyramid with three sides

so this this one is not really I'm not

sure if there is any structure that's

actually built that way on earth so let

me know in the comment below if you know

of one but anyway it's this kind of

thing okay

now the main difference this is top view

the main difference with this one is

that the sides have a different have a

there's just less sides one two three as

opposed to one two three four and so the

angle between in the base of the pyramid

will be different so the base here is

maybe this is a better way to explain it

the base is a triangle okay and then

from the very centre if we sort of raise

a line like this that's perpendicular to

the surface and we connect it to the

sides to all of the sides we're gonna

get a pyramid okay with this being the

front wall the wall that's that we're

facing same thing with the square so we

can draw sort of a like this kind of a

shape and if we find the center and the

center can be found very easily by the

way by just connecting these two okay

like this we're gonna point just put a

dot in there raise it up okay using an

imaginary line and then connect it to

all sides of the cube and you can see my

lines are wobbly that's perfectly fine

so the main difference is in the angles

here here we have a ninety degree angle

and here we have a smaller angle okay

that's the main difference so hopefully

all of this makes sense now I'm gonna

rearrange the paper a bit and I want to

show you my sort of my my take on this

exercise and how you can apply it

because maybe some of you can already do

all of that okay okay so the thing I'm

gonna demonstrate to you now funny

enough I started doing as a kid okay

I loved doodling these kinds of shapes

when I was younger now what I used to do

is create imaginary three-dimensional

shapes and what do I mean by that I

would just make a very weird sort of

scribbling shape and then I'll imagine

I'm giving it three dimensionality so

what I would do is just drop some lines

like this and kind of connect them using

the line that follows a deer's to the

previous line I put okay and that way

you get a very random three-dimensional

shape and I used to do this one all the

time and this is really good practice

because it trains you in your eyes and

your hand to follow the shape you

already did and sort of give it a bit of

a height now why is this great because a

very common mistake I see with beginners

is for example if you want to draw a

cylinder shape like like sort of a soda

soda can so what you'll get is a lot of

people do this they draw the top part

like that then they draw the sides and

then the bottom is like this and this is

not the way it should be this area

should follow the structure of this

unless the shape is one looked at from

the side will look kind of like it's

really hard to do that but I'll try it

like this okay this is what this would

look like from the side okay maybe from

sort of 3/4 it will look something like

this okay but nothing really looks like

this except for the French frys kind of

packaging you know usually if you draw

like a soda can or something like this

it's just gonna be a circle two lines

for the sides and another circle okay

now if you remember I

showed you a bit of perspective here so

we can put this one in perspective - so

what the way to do this is just by

drawing a circle then the lines for the

sides go a bit inwards like that okay

and then you add this round at the top

of the buck part at the bottom okay now

again this happens when our distance our

point of view to this area is

significantly different from this area

so you usually won't see you will see it

a bit with with soda cans if you hold

him close to your to your eyes but where

you will see this is sometimes you may

see like construction works and then

you'll have this sort of open pipes

lying around somewhere and you may see

them sort of moving in perspective okay

if you look at it more the front this is

interesting so let's imagine there's a

hole on both sides so if you look at it

a bit more kind of from the front you'll

even get to see the opening on the other

side okay so this sort of like a tunnel

that you can go through almost now I

just want to add one more touch to this

sort of exercise and you can add shading

to that okay so you can do sort of your

scribbly kind of shape and just try and

getting it to be three-dimensional and

then you can just add an a random light

source or for example light comes from

here and you can kind of just draw this

shadow cast shadow or maybe shadow on

the object itself and you can kind of

imagine what areas are gonna be in the

shadow what areas are gonna be more well

lit and this is just a really fun

exercise you can do this also with kind

of artificial I think so for example

just add a bit of shadows like this and

this really trains your ability to kind

of hatch and do these kinds of lines

it's just a very fun thing to do when

you doodle or when you just kind of kind

of sketch for fun this is an exercise I

used to do when I was really young and

it's just very fun you can rotate the

angles so you can work to the sides

you can also skew the shape

bit so that it actually has a bit of

weirdness elementary this is really all

just experimentation doing this a lot

and and on a regular basis will really

improve your abilities to sketch and to

draw what you see because again the

basis for buildings is this it's the the

cube so if I see a building and I want

to sort of draw it or even even as a

preparation for a watercolour painting

that's basically sort of a cube a cube

elongated cube and with Windows with

some more details you can see here maybe

there's an awning here maybe there's a

restaurant at the bottom but the concept

stays the same it's just this sort of a

building there's an antenna whatever it

is and it's just so simple once you get

the sort of basic shapes to it okay now

I went through a lot in this video so

what I'm curious to know is if there's

anything you want me to dive even deeper

I want you to let me know okay maybe you

want us to sort of analyze the cube on

many different angles and just zoom in

on that maybe the pyramids maybe this

weird sort of exercise maybe the shading

part let me know in a comment below if

you're you want to know more about any

of these specifics okay I kind of dumped

a lot of things at you so so you just if

you want something in specific or

something in particular if you want us

to dive into any concept that has to do

with three-dimensional shapes let me

know in a comment below okay I really

hope you enjoyed this demo let's change

the angle and wrap up this video our

good friends here are all of our little

doodles here I hope you enjoyed this

video and again as you saw I went

through quite a bit of things here if

you want me to make a specific video on

one topic or even just one specific

shape like the cube or like a pyramid or

maybe something that you want to bring

up I will be happy to do so and we can

sort of really analyze it more deeply

and really figure out things together

and learn how to portray it in different

angles in different situations and maybe

even different light conditions okay

so I really enjoyed making this video

for you I hope you enjoyed it as well

if you enjoyed it don't forget to

subscribe here on youtube and also

follow me on snapchat in instagram where

i share more things on a day to day

basis especially my outside outdoors on

location sketching and painting

processes and so this is it I hope to

see you again

in the next video and until then take

care

[Music]

[Applause]