there are four fundamental principles

that you need to master in order to be

proficient in land navigation the first

one is to know where you are I can

determine this by a major train feature

that I can identify my map

or I could be given an eight digit grid

coordinate once I know where I'm at my

next step is to orient my map and plot

my location the next step is to orient

my map to our my map I'm going to set my

compass right on my map and ensure that

North on my map is in line with north on

my compass

once I've oriented my map now I can plot

my location I'm at zero four seven five

seven seven eight zero so I'm going to

rewrite to zero four and up to seven

seven I now know that I'm somewhere in

this grid Square to find my exact

location I'm going to take my protractor

and I'm aligning it up on the bottom

left hand corner of zero four seven

seven and I'm going to slide my

protractor to the right two seven five

and then I'm going to read up to eight

zero and then I'm going to plot my

location two Rivera Phi I'm going to put

it right back on zero four seven five

seven seven eight zero and ensure that

the black line on my map from my pencil

is directly underneath the black line of

my protractor the next fundamental is to

plan the route to plan the route I'm

going to plot the location for where I

want to go and determine my azmuth so

I'm headed to zero three eight two seven

seven five one again I'm going to set my

protractor down on zero three seven

seven I'm going to slide it to the right

and find eight two and read up to five

one

put my protractor back down and again

ensure that my pencil mark is directly

underneath my black line now that I've

plotted my two locations I can determine

my azmuth so I'll use them the straight

edge my protractor I'll line it up from

where I'm at to where I'm going and draw

a straight line I'm going to take the

center of my protractor ensuring that

zeros at the top and 90s at the right

I'm going to set it down on the center

on where I'm starting from I'm going to

read over and I'm going to determine my

grid asmath which is 253 degrees I'm

going to take my map and I'm gonna flip

it over and use the declination diagram

the declination diagram is the

difference between grid north and

magnetic north which is 9 degrees so to

convert from a grid azmuth to a magnetic

azmuth i need to subtract my GM angle

which now gives me an azmuth of 244

degrees the next step is to figure out

my distance so I'm going to use the

scale on my protractor and I'm going to

put it right where I'm starting from to

where I'm headed and I can see that I'm

approximately 980 meters now I know my

distance it's a good idea to

double-check your work before you get

moving so I'm gonna set my protractor

back down and Rivera Phi all my

coordinates zero four seven five seven

seven eight zero and zero three eight

two

seven seven five one looks like my

plotting is good the next fundamental is

to stay on the route I can do this a

couple different ways if there's a fixed

point that won't move is I start heading

towards my next point I can use this to

stay on my asthma this is called dead

reckoning I can also preset my compass

degrees in my compass are marked in red

numbers as I rotate my compass I want

the black line of my bezel ring to be

directly above my heading to shoot my

azmuth I'm going to use a compass to

cheek method by bringing the compass up

to my eye and looking down at my degrees

then I'm going to look up through the

wire towards my azmuth and find a

steering mark to use a center hole

method I'm going to bring the compass up

towards my torso and find 244 degrees

once I have my 244 degrees I'm going to

look up towards the horizon and try to

find a steering mark that's on my azmuth

as you can see the green tractor is

directly on my azmuth to preset my

compass while maintaining it a bearing

of 244 degrees I'm going to rotate the

bezel ring on my compass until it is in

line with my North seeking arrow once I

have that done I can walk in a straight

line and if I drift left or drift right

my luma nating lines will no longer be

lined up or if I maintain 244 I can now

keep my bearing now I didn't know my

distance and my direction I can start

heading out towards my steering mark one

69 70 71 72 every time I go 100 meters

which is 72 paces I'm going to stop and

I'm going to redo my count

so I'm only going to count every 100

meters I can keep track of how many 100

meter increments that I walk by either

using beads the stones or tying knots in

a rope once I have that I'll begin again

1 2 now that I've made it to my Stern

mark I can use my back azimuth to

determine if I've been heading in the

right direction aback asthma there's

nothing more than the exact opposite

direction that you've been heading 4

degrees of zero to 180 you're going to

add 180 degrees if your direction was

between 180 and 360 degrees you're going

to subtract so my back azimuth is 64

degrees using my compass I'm going to

shoot my azmuth of 64 degrees and ensure

that I've been hitting in the right

direction which I have now I can go to

the other side of my steering mark into

the exact same thing again now that I'm

on the other side of my steering mark I

can shoot my azmuth again at 244 degrees

I don't have anything I can use as an

exterior mark but my compass is preset

so I can use that to stay on my asthma

the last fundamental is to recognize the

objective once I've moved the required

distance I should be right where I'm

supposed to be

come out my required distance and I

found my point number 62 now I'm ready

to move on to my next point just

remember these four basic fundamentals

the next time you go out to exercise

land navigation you have to know where

you are you have to plan the route stay

on the route and recognize the objective