I'm out here in the California desert

maybe a little overdressed but from

Latin avocation I figured I needed to

kind of look the part now bear with me

this is a very lengthy video and maybe a

little bit complicated for some people

so try to bear with me and let's get

into land navigation

what's up my friends welcome to a brand

new video in this one we're gonna be

doing some land navigation so I'm all

rocking the tactical kind of gear to

kind of get the the mood going and

everything that but we're gonna be doing

a little bit of basic land nav stuff how

to read a map have the tools you'll need

a lot of those basic stuff but also how

to actually execute it how to actually

do land navigation and I got a map

actually of this area that we're

utilizing to kind of show you how it

sort of works a little bit of how you

might do it in the army like in basic

training or at some of the schools or

anything like that or even just how your

unit but also just in general so if you

want to know how to do it for basic

training for your unit for just

something cool to learn how to do well

then hopefully this video will be able

to help you out now of course if you are

not subscribed to this channel well you

probably should be maybe think about

hitting that subscribe button

even enabling that little bell so you

get notified as soon as new videos go

live to include the live stream so let's

let's learn how to do some land

navigation shall we now we're gonna

start off with some of the basics the

basics of how to kind of get yourself

started how to plot your grids onto a

map how to read a grid how to read a map

all that kind of stuff but not super

in-depth with reading the map part of it

also kind of be aware with land

navigation there are some individuals in

the army that will do this a lot and

there are some individuals in the army

that will maybe only do this once in

basic training and then maybe never

again so kind of keep that in mind there

are some people that are gonna be doing

this all the time but you know you might

be one of those people that may only do

this in basic training than ever again

so kind of keep that in mind but

hopefully you'll have a little bit of a

basic understanding of how to do some

land nav and maybe even learn some cool

little tips and tricks here and there

from my video so I'll start off with

some of the things you're gonna need

obviously first one you need a map

preferably a MGR S or a military grid

reference system style map which is what

this one is here you also need a

protractor so it comes in handy to know

what the scale of the map is so you know

which of these to use which we'll talk

about here in a little bit you need a

compass so you know which way to go and

be able to pull asmath from it so you

need a specifically a compass that also

has the degrees on the inside here of

the compass you need a pencil you could

use a pin I guess but preferably it's

best use a pencil some kind of three by

five card or something to write on or

something that has a straightedge as

well because you're gonna need a

straightedge we also need something to

pry it right with and then you're also

going to need to know your pay scale

which will kind of get to that a little

bit later so one thing to kind of

understand

there are a lot of little symbols and

little things on here that I'm not going

to be going that in-depth with

explaining like what is a valley and

what is a saddle and all this stuff like

that there are a lot of other videos

that probably explain that really well

if you want to check those out but

obviously you can tell what our roads

and probably what our rivers so we're

gonna go with just the basics here we're

looking at a grid zone designator here

of what grade we're gonna be going to

and a little they don't show you how to

start from your grid and how to get that

grid and everything first but let me

kind of show you the basics of how to

use the map so I'm going to use this

grid here to find this point that we're

gonna be going to I have 11 Sierra Lima

Bravo which is just the grid designator

for the area of the map the main part

where you're focusing on is this 8 digit

here this is an eight digit grid that

would reutilizing to be able to plot the

point on so we're gonna start off with

these numbers here we have this 7 0 and

this 3 3 this kind of tells me we're on

the map to look at the top of the map is

going to be this first part this 7 0 so

you would find on the top of the map

where that grid is located at 4 7 0 that

is located right here so that tells me

anything to the right of this line right

here is the 7 0 grid area next is what I

need to find is that 3-3 area so we're

gonna find the 3 3 which would be from

the left side of the map so I'm 3 3 is

over here so that means I need anything

above this is a 33 area so the 7 0 and

the 3 3 they meet right here so that

means this grid square right here is

when you're working with so now I need

my protractor to pay attention to which

particular one to use based on this

scale of the map this map is a 1 in

50,000 map so that means I have to use

this one here and is labeled right there

for 1 and 50 thousands it's probably

better recommended to use a 1 in 25000

scale map because you get this larger

kind of triangle here to be able to just

see the numbers a little bit better but

I'm working with what I got and this is

a 1 in 50,000 scale so I have to use

this guy here so the way I want to

utilize this is I want to be able to

match the numbers up for the grid that

I'm using so I have this 70 in the 33

I'm working in that grid square right

now

so first I'm looking at this line you

can see right here this is the 70 so I

want to match up the 35 that I had

inside of that little number which is

right here if you want to see so have

the 70 and the 35 so I need that 35

so maybe we're trying to get inside the

grid square so I want to line this up do

match up to 35 your scanner that gets me

right about there

next comes the 75 part of this grid

which is in that 33 zone so I need to go

up now to get s 75 so with this line

still lined up on the 35 for here I need

to find 75 on here and that is where I

need to make my dot at and that is

roughly right about there doesn't have a

little point on my map that I'm going to

be utilizing to try to get there now in

order to get to that point I need to

know where I'm at typically when you're

doing land navigation in the Army

they're gonna give you the grid for the

start point so you know where you're

starting from and you just gotta simply

do the rest of the work to figure out

what you're going to so save you the

extra stuff of showing you plotting my

known location as if I was given it like

you would in the Army I'm gonna show you

a little bit of an extra little tip as

far as one way that you can probably

figure out maybe where you're at if you

don't know where you're at so in order

for me to figure out where the heck I'm

at if that was the situation

I need my compass so I'm gonna teach you

a little bit about the compass but

basically it's a compass hopefully you

know how to use a compass but

additionally on this compass it has the

degrees on the inside which I really

need as well you get a little kind of

magnifying glass here with a little line

right there so you can kind of close it

up and kind of be able to to see this is

the style compass you part of you use

light utilize in in the army we're going

to be doing different methods to do it

if sums like the little methods like

this we're holding it down here and kind

of trying to get lined up before the

asmath or for that grid or the degrees

that you're trying to get or another way

is holding up to your cheek and looking

through that little magnifying glass to

kind of line it up that way I actually

like that way because you see a little

bit better but usually personal

preference also a little bit of a tip

they usually recommend if you have a lot

of gear like maybe a weapon and other

metal objects they can kind of interfere

with that compass so it's best to

download that stuff when you're trying

to maybe shoot an asthma they're trying

to you know get your exact location for

where you're going to and all that stuff

otherwise they can kind of throw it off

a little bit but I'm not wear anything

too crazy so I'm everything worried

about that so in this scenario we're

saying that I don't know where my

current grid is that I don't know where

I'm currently located at but I can see

some actual known locations out in my

surroundings that I can find on the map

something like maybe a road or a

mountain something along those lines you

can easily identify

exact location so we use the example of

I can see some roads that intersect in

my area and that's what I'm going to do

is I'm gonna shoot an azmuth to those

roads and azmuth is the degrees inside

the compass so I'm gonna basically be

looking through my compass and I'm going

to try to find that road that intersects

that I can see and see what the degrees

is to that road so I'm gonna take note

of those degrees and write that down

that is my first known location but I

need a second one that I'm gonna need to

utilize so I can see another road that

intersects out there some eschewed

azmuth do that one look inside my

compass see what degrees that road is

from me and write that one down so once

I have those degrees those Asmus written

down on a piece of paper I need to do

what is called a back azmuth to be able

to figure out the triangulation I guess

of where I'm at eclis this is called

resection officially so I'm going to try

to figure out where I'm at based on

where those lines cross so I have my two

degrees I have 30 degrees and 320

degrees for those two different

intersections that I can see from my

location but in order to utilize these

on a map which is grid North I need to

convert these from magnetic north

because these are magnetic north type of

degrees and I needed to convert them

into grid North degrees in order to do

that I needed to look at the declination

diagram on the map that is located right

here on this map

hey so jumping in here as I'm editing

this video I realized I didn't do a very

good job of explaining this next step

and I even made a mistake so I want to

kind of correct that here so you guys

aren't all jacked up with this like I

was when I shot this video so let's talk

about that declination diagram that you

would have on the map so so you locate

it either on the bottom of the map or

maybe even the right side of the map

where it's going to have this little

object here that kind of shows the true

north which is basically which way the

North Star is grid north which is what

the north and south lines on the map are

representing for which way north is and

in magnetic north which is what your

compass would bring up so on this chart

show me the difference between grid

north which is the map to magnetic north

which is the compass is 13 degrees now

if I'm converting from magnetic north to

grid north then I need to add the GM

angle if I'm going to go from grid north

to magnetic north I need to subtract the

GM angle so the best way you can kind of

look at it is kind of as if M is for

major and G

for general so in the military a major

to a general is a promotion so you're

adding but if you were doing a general

to a major that would be a demotion so

you're subtracting that's kind of a good

way to kind of remember it now in the

video I got it all backwards and I ended

up subtracting the GM angle instead but

just kind of bear with me I'm gonna show

you the example but remember that if

you're going from magnetic to grid add

great to magnetic subtract alright so I

make the mistake in here just use it as

demonstration purposes what not to do

but also the general concept of the

adding that subtracting kind of portion

of it it's just that part that I kind of

screwed up of the conversion from the

magnetic north to grid north the other

parts are okay so that means this is

going to become 17 degrees and this is

going to become 307 degrees but I need

to convert those grids now to a back

azmuth now if my number is between 0 and

180 degrees that I need to add 180

degrees but my number is between 180

degrees and 360 degrees that I need to

subtract 180 so that means this one

becomes 197 and this one is going to

become 127 and that is my back asmath so

it may be hard to see on the map from

this angle but just kind of keep this in

mind for demonstration purposes anyways

because it's not gonna be exact this is

really kind of demonstrate the method

anyways so that first intersection is a

back azimuth of 197 so I need to find

that intersection on the map and locate

it inside this little small little dot

that's at the center of my protractor

once I find that intersection I place

the center of that right there and then

I take this straight edge that's where

you need the straight edge to come in

handy and I need to find 197 degrees

also key thing make sure the zero is at

the top of the map for North so I locate

the 197 on the inside here for the

degrees line up the other part of this

card with that circle so I get a

straight line to location I'm just going

to make a little mark right here so I

can be able to draw a straight line so

I'll move the protractor out of the way

make sure that this part is still on

that intersection and we're gonna draw a

straight line to that little line that I

made and that is our first back azimuth

now I need to do the other intersection

so for demonstration purposes let's say

that over here is where that

other intersection is that I need to do

an azmuth of 127 so I find 127 now so

127 is right there I line it up with the

circle in the middle and make a little

mark right here move my protractor out

of the way make sure it's still lined up

with the intersection and the mark that

I made I draw a straight line and if

everything was done completed properly

where those lines intersect is where I

currently am located at again for

demonstration purposes it's probably

really hard to see on camera where those

lines are kind of intersecting and I

also have some extra lines in there too

from earlier but ideally this is the

method you would use is doing those two

lines and where those lines intersect at

is going to be where you are located at

on the map so now that I know where I'm

at like I said when you're doing this

probably the army you're given the axes

active grid to where you're located out

you're just plotting on the map like you

did with that other point that I did

earlier but now that I know where I'm at

now I can try to plot how to get there

okay so we now have our two points we

have our starting location which is over

here and then we have where we need to

go to right there so what I want to do

is I want to draw a straight line from

my starting location to the point that I

want to go to draw that straight line

sometimes it's good to go a little bit

past it because you need a little bit

extra line here to be able to read it on

your protractor to figure out the

degrees that you need to head in placing

your start point on the center of that

protractor making sure the zero is north

you can even make sure to line up the

lines with like the grid lines to make

sure that it's straight and you're

looking at that line that you just drew

and what degrees it goes to so I can see

from that line that it lines up with 280

degrees so that is the degrees I need to

go to but that is true north for the map

I need to convert that still so I'll

take note of the 280° and that GM angle

is 13 so that means I need to add 13 to

my 280 degrees so it gives us a 293 for

azmuth now I need to know how far is it

from my location to the location I need

to go so the first thing that I want to

do is I want to draw a little tick mark

from where I'm starting from to where

I'm going to

so I line up just to edge this piece of

paper and make a little mark on here for

the distance from my location to where

I'm going to and I'm gonna use this to

reference with a diagram that is on the

map to figure out distance so here on a

map is the diagram for the distance it

is going to be in meters so we're gonna

be using the meters part and I line it

up with my piece of paper and I can see

it lines up exactly 21.5 each of these

little marks here is a thousand meters

Watchi this is 500 meters then a

thousand meters then 1500 meters so that

is how this kind of gets read so 1500

meters is the distance that I will need

to travel now this is where you now need

to know your pace count I talked about

this kind of real briefly earlier but

you may need to know now what that pace

count is essentially your pace count is

how many steps it'll take you to get 100

meters to find this out usually your

unit you have something measured out

maybe you have it 50 meters out and

you're walking 50 meters to get your 50

meter pace count you just double it to

get your 100 meter pace count which is

the pace count that you need or maybe

you haven't even measured all the way

out 200 meters and you're walking 100

meters to get your 100 meter pace count

how that does count it is your stepping

off with your left foot so that starts

off with 1 when you take your right step

you don't count that one you count every

left foot touching the ground so you end

up with something like 1 2 3 and so on

and so forth until you could do that

Vickey meter mark or the hundred meter

mark whatever it is you going out to

there are some individuals like do a

running pace count maybe you're in a

hurry to do this line avocation course

so they'll run it to figure out what

their running pace count might be but

train can really mess that up even

trying to really mess up your walking

pace count but it's really up to your

scenario of if you need a running pace

count if you need both walking and

running or just need a walking pace

count so mine is 63 so that means I need

to take 63 steps before I get 100 meters

now for this example here we need to go

1500 meters so that means I need to keep

track of every time I reach 100 meters

so I can kind of you know take away from

that distance to get an idea of how much

farther I still need to go there's a lot

of different methods that people utilize

to keep track of their pace count some

may pick up pebbles or drop pebbles to

you know represent every 100 meters they

go so if you have to go 600 meters maybe

you pick up 6 rocks and then ever

800 meters once you reach that pace

count for this example 63 once I reached

63 steps I dropped one pebble and then

if I have five left that means I still

have to go 500 meters or the opposite

way maybe to pick up pebbles or maybe

they move one pebble from one pocket to

the other pocket whatever you want to do

that's another method that you might

utilize some people like to utilize what

is called the Ranger beads that you have

hanging on your uniform and moving a

beat up or down for every time they get

to the pace count to represent 100

meters

however utilize it writing it down

picking up rocks whatever you got to

keep track of how many meters you've

gone and so you know how many more you

still need to get to so now that I know

how far I need to go now I need to know

which way which direction to head in for

that distance that's where this asmath

comes into play that we did earlier

where we had to convert it from true

north to magnetic north so I have that

azimuth of 293 degrees so I can use

whatever method I want for holding the

compass but I need to find on that

compass 290 degrees once I've found it

I can kind of line it up with this

little line that's here on this compass

or just kind of look straight ahead with

a little notches at the top maybe try to

find something to kind of aim for

something to walk towards that is at

that degrees you can either do it that

way or you can probably sit here and

just hold it at 290 degrees and just

start walking out of direction whichever

prabha you it's probably little bit of a

pain to kind of walk like this so it's

better to kind of find an object that

hopefully it lines up with and just try

to head in a straight line direction

that way another thing to kind of take

note of is you need to kind of be

rechecking your azmuth quite often

because if you're right-handed you may

tend to drift to your right a little bit

if you're left-handed drifted left a

little bit you know that kind of thing

can happen for individuals so it's good

to try to maybe recheck your azmuth

periodically so you're not drifting off

to the left or to the right so once I

have that azmuth set I'm ready to step

off and head towards my point

while I'm moving to that point I'll keep

retracting my pace count so every time

my left foot is the ground

I'm counting one two three keeping track

all the way up until I get to my pace

count which in this example was 63 and I

know that once I get to 63

I've got 100 meters but again

periodically throughout that step I need

to be able to recheck my azmuth to make

sure I'm still headed in the right

direction I haven't drift to the left or

the right now along the way let's say

that we run into an obstacle

maybe I got this hill back behind me

that's actually much larger than

obstacle than it really is here and I

need to navigate around that obstacle

now there might be some times where you

can just simply go through the obstacle

and may throw off your pace down a

little bit here or there some options

where you just have to actually go

through the obstacle and you can't go

around it

so I feel like you'd be doing sfas or

maybe even Ranger training but in this

example let me show you how to navigate

around an obstacle if you need to do

that so maintaining my azmuth I'm going

to be coming all the way up to that

obstacle

once I've reached the obstacle I need to

kind of take note of what my current

pace count was when I stopped at this

point because I now need to navigate

around that obstacle so let's say just

for example for Everest is I left off at

10 at this point so I'm gonna be doing a

left face from that point because that

is the easiest way to get around this

obstacle and I'm going to go left in

this direction this is where it's good

to maybe have a piece of papers I'm

gonna ride on wherever because I need to

take note of 10 being my pace count that

left off on but I also need to take note

of how many steps this way I'm going to

make so I'm gonna start walking this way

until I can clear this obstacle

now let's say that cleared obstacle so I

need to keep track of how many steps

that was will say for this example that

was 100 steps now I'm able to head back

in that direction so what I'm gonna do

is well I have to keep track of that

first off that 10 that I started off

with for my actual pace count also

keeping track of the 100 steps that had

to take to clear the obstacle but

leaving off from that 10 that I had I

can start counting again heading in that

direction so we're gonna start counting

again from 10 so I would step off with

my left foot 11 12 13 and I would

continue that until I have cleared the

obstacle and I can head back 100 steps

to get me back on track so keeping track

of that pace counts still continuing it

if I'm now at maybe let's say 30 now in

my pace counting because now I've

cleared this obstacle then I need to

keep track of that this is still adding

towards that distance that I'm actually

trying to get to to get to my point

but I need to get back on my correct

asmath and in order to do so because I

did 100 steps this way from that

obstacle I need to go back in 100 steps

to reshoot my azmuth so I need to now go

back this way 100 steps 1 2 99 100 so

once I've gotten back 100 steps from

where I needed to be now I can just

reshoot my azmuth to the original Asma

that I had and continue my pace count

from where I left off when I was trying

to clear that obstacle so if I left off

and let's say 50 well we continue from

there 51 52 now eventually once you've

reached your pace count for the amount

of meters you're supposed to be going

whether it's a thousand five hundred six

hundred whatever the meters are you

should be roughly at your location it

may not be exact where your boom the

last step is right there ever you need

to be but you should be in that vicinity

and you should be able to see whatever

it is you're looking for a lot of times

you an army land nav it's a sign it's an

ammo can it's something physical that

you can kind of see in some cases you

might be lucky enough that the back of

the sign actually has the grid so you

can actually check to make sure you're

at the right one and in a lot of other

cases you won't have anything but maybe

a letter designator or a phrase or

something like that then maybe you have

to take note of here's also another

little tip for you if you have to go

from now this point

to another point some individuals may go

ahead and plot that point from where

they're at from that point they first

got to to the next point the problem

with that is if you're not very good at

land nav just yet and that first point

was wrong well all your points from

there on out is gonna be wrong because

you were going to plot it from what you

believe is the correct point and if

you're not at that correct point your

azmuth is not going to match up properly

to where you need to go to and you're

not going to end up getting to the right

location so the right way to do it a

little tedious but if you are not very

you know proficient in land navigation

you need go back to the start point and

plot from the start point that you know

is correct

to your next point so ideally you're

going from start point to your first

point back to your start point plot your

second point go to your second point

come back to the start point to go to

your third point and so on and so forth

if you are experiencing you've gotten

really good at doing land navigation and

you're pretty confident at that point

that you've gotten to is the correct

point then sure go for it you go ahead

and you plot your next point from that

location shoot the azimuth from that

location and move on just be aware if

any of those points are off it's

probably gonna throw you off on getting

to your next point so hopefully this

video isn't too confusing hopefully it's

you know explaining it enough to give

you a general understanding of land nap

maybe even a little bit more than

general understanding I don't really

know you know that I'm trying to my best

to kind of give it in layman's terms and

dumb it down as best as possible and I

may or may not have done that in a good

enough way do you understand it land nap

in general is a complicated thing some

people are really really good at land

nav some people are really really bad at

land f it just kind of depends on a lot

of factors of if you're gonna be one

that is really good at land having

really bad at land have me personally

I'm pretty good at land nav I don't know

if I express that well enough in the

video to be able to help you out explain

it and understand it well enough but you

know hopefully it does give you some

kind of understanding of how to do land

navigation so it's possible maybe I

missed some good little tips or whatever

if you have some tips and you're pretty

good at land Navs and you can leave some

tips down in the comments down below

maybe help out some individuals that are

looking to learn how to do land

navigation for the army or even for the

Marines or whatever so that's it that's

the end of this video hopefully enjoyed

it if you did and found it somewhat

useful then hit that thumbs up for me

check out some recommendations right

over here some of the videos I guess

some links down the description for all

sorts of fun stuff thank you guys so

much for watching I'm Christopher chaos

and I will see you next time

see ya