knit

TUTORIAL: How to KNIT SOCKS



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[Music]

hey guys i'm kristen also known as

mullenvine here on my youtube channel

and today i am going to show you how i

knit

my socks believe it or not i get so many

messages from viewers asking me to do a

sock tutorial because

they find them intimidating or scary or

horrifying i'm here to tell you that

socks are probably the most easy thing

you will ever learn to knit i can't

promise that you're going to get it on

the first try but again

practice makes perfect it probably took

me about

two socks until it finally clicked and i

was

off be patient with yourself i'm going

to break this tutorial down into eight

easy steps

which i know eight sounds like a lot of

steps but trust me they're very short

very quick

and all of those eight steps combined

they'll just go by in a flash

so we're gonna start out with the the

cuff which is a one by one rib

then we're going to knit the leg which

is pure stockinette in the round and

then we're gonna knit

a reinforced heel flap which again

sounds really difficult but it's stupid

simple and then we're going to learn

about the magic and wonder of heel

turning because guys

trust me this is pure magic your mind

will be blown when i turned to my first

heel i was like

holy cow this is incredible let me knit

all the socks now

and then we're going to create our

instep or gussets and then we're

back to knitting in the round for the

foot and then we get to start decreasing

the toe

and then stitch her up so again i'm

going to show you how to do the

the kitchener stitch and again it's a

little bit of a process but

so easy once you get the swing of it so

without further ado

let's get started

what you will need to knit a pair of

socks are obviously a

skein of your favorite sock yarn or

fingering weight yarn

uh i'm using my hand-eyed yarn valentine

yarns on my footsie base which is

a lovely blend of blue face luster and

nylon

since socks get a lot of wear and tear i

like this yarn because it's nice and

sturdy and durable

and will last a long time i will also be

knitting my socks on

us 1.5 knitting needles uh in

millimeters that is 2.5 millimeters

and yes i am going to be using a set of

circulars to knit my socks magic loop

because that is how i prefer to knit my

socks uh if you are not familiar with

the magic loop method

i will link to a tutorial down below but

you can certainly follow along

with double pointed needles if you're

more comfortable knitting with double

pointed needles knitting socks in the

round is the same concept as knitting

anything in the round so

feel free to follow along with that as

well

and these circulars have a 16 inch cord

but i would recommend a circular needle

of

24 inches to 32 inches uh

it'll just give you some more slack when

you're shifting your stitches around

all right let's cast on our stitches i

like to use a long tail cast on method

however you can also use a

german twisted cast on i would not

recommend a knitted cast

on or anything non-stretchy if you're

knitting your socks cuffed down you want

to have

a relatively stretchy

cuff when i knit socks for myself i cast

on 64 stitches which happens to be a

adult medium and when i cast on a pair

of socks for dennis my husband i go

for a 72 stitch cast on and anyone that

has a smaller foot

than i do i go for a 56 stitch cast on

these are standard cast on sizes for

socks again as with most patterns this

is where a gauge comes into play

and you're going to want to knit a gauge

swatch to figure out your gauge when it

comes to knitting any sock pattern

but i will say the more socks that you

knit you'll get a better idea of

what your standard go-to cast on will be

if that makes sense

so i'm gonna finish casting on my

stitches which again is going to be 64

and then i'm going to separate my

stitches and set it up for magic loop

knitting

now i have all of my stitches cast on 64

stitches and

since i'm knitting magic loop i have 32

stitches on one needle

and 32 stitches on the other needle and

i'm going to make sure that none of my

stitches are twisted

because you always want to make sure

your stitches are not twisted before

knitting in the round because i can't

tell you how many times

i've cast on something in the round and

my stitches were

twisted for the first two stitches to

prevent any gaps at the

cuff i like to knit the first stitch

together

with the tail and the working yarn so

none of my stitches are twisted and the

first stitch is knit

and i'm just going to knit another

stitch

so now i'm going to break my yarn tail

and just kind of draw it through the

middle of the loop just to get that out

of the way

for my cuff i'm going to knit a 2x2 rib

however you can also do a one by one rib

you can even do one and knit through the

back loop

rib whatever you decide again you want

your cuff to be elastic and have a nice

stretch to it

so i don't usually knit anything over

uh knit two purl two and the first row

is always going to be a little wonky and

fiddly but once you get it going

it's pretty smooth sailing so i knit two

purl two all the way around

all right now i'm ready to work the

other side of my knitting needles for

magic

loop and for that first stitch i'm just

going to give it a nice

little tug and this this applies to

knitting with dpns as well whenever you

come to the end

of a need of knitting stitches off one

needle

you're going to want to give that first

stitch on the next needle a nice little

tug to prevent any laddering from

happening

you can knit these as long or as short

as you want

but for my socks i usually knit about 15

to 20 rounds

for the ribbing so pause the video

finish knitting your cuff and come back

when you're ready to knit the leg

[Music]

behold a cuff has emerged if you've come

this far congrats

again i knit 15 rounds you can knit 20

rounds whatever whatever your preference

is

i knit 15 and this measures about a

little over an inch i'm gonna say like

an inch and a half

so now we are ready to move on to the

leg

which is pretty much smooth sailing so

i'm going to pull out my needle from

behind

shift my stitches and at this point your

knitting should be a little less fiddly

especially if you're working with double

pointed needles because you have some

fabric to work with and hold on to and

kind of you know

get a little bit of a grip on your work

if that makes sense so

now for the cuff if you're knitting a

basic plain vanilla sock whenever i say

vanilla sock that usually throws people

off they're like is does it smell like

vanilla

no no vanilla means your basic average

plain

sock so for this part for the leg i am

just going to knit

plain stockinette in the round for the

leg

this really comes down to personal

preference believe it or not i don't

like my

sock legs to be too long i usually knit

my sock legs until they measure about

i want to say six inches from the cast

on edge but again it comes down to

personal preference so

go ahead and knit your sock legs as long

as your heart desires

and from here on out you can just go on

autopilot pop on some netflix

a podcast a youtube video an audio book

and just have at it feel free to pause

this video

and continue knitting your sock leg and

when you're happy with the length come

back and we shall knit

the heel

and welcome back all right now that we

have knit our heel cuff

our leg we are ready to start knitting

the heel

and for my basic go-to sock recipe i

enjoy knitting a

traditional reinforced heel flap and

heel turn but at this point you can

insert whatever heel

your heart desires so there's the fish

lips kiss heel

there's the afterthought heel there's

the

german short row heel there are so many

heels so have at it whatever heel

you want to try go for it at this point

but for this tutorial i'm going to show

you how i do

a reinforced heel flap along with a

heel turn and my friends it is

practically magic so once i'm done

knitting the last round of the leg

you want to make sure that your stitches

are divided evenly so once again i have

32 stitches on one needle and 32

stitches on the other needle

and we're going to take a break from

knitting in the round for just a hot

second and

work flat along these 32 stitches so

we're going to work one row

flip our work knit the other row on the

wrong side flip our work and work

another row on the right side

you get the idea so let's let's get

started

so for this if you want to knit a plain

stockinette heel flap you

certainly can but i like a reinforced

heel plot because as the name suggests

a knitted reinforced heel has a thicker

fabric to it so it's going to last a lot

longer than

a simple stockinette heel flap so to get

started you're going to

slip the first stitch as if to purl and

then you're going to knit the next

stitch

slip the next stitch as it to purl knit

the next stitch

slip the next stitch as if to purl knit

the next stitch and just continue

doing that for the rest of the 32

stitches on your needle

and if you're working with dpns uh just

adjust

the stitch count on your dpn so that one

needle

has 32 stitches and the rest of your

stitches are divided evenly

along your other other dpns knit

slip and end on a knit all right

so now that we've worked the right side

of the heel flap we're going to flip our

work to the wrong side

so again holding the yarn in front of

your work you're just going to

slip the first stitch as if to purl and

then

purl that row yes you heard correct just

simply purl all those 32 stitches until

you get to the end purl and

purling the last stitch there we go and

those are the only two rows you need to

know to work the reinforced heel flap so

now that we've finished row two on the

wrong side we're gonna flip our work

again

and continue knitting row one

and repeat the last right side row once

again you're just going to slip that

first stitch as if to purl

knit the next stitch slip the next

stitch

knit the next stitch slip the next

stitch

knit the next stitch slip the next

stitch and

we're going to keep repeating these two

rows until our heel flap measures about

one and a half to about two inches or

until your heel flap looks like a

perfect square

just bear in mind the longer your heel

flap this

again your mileage may vary depending on

how big your small your foot is

but it's good it's a good thing to keep

in mind that the longer your heel flap

the bigger or the deeper your instep is

going to be and i will show you that a

little bit later so you have a better

idea

once again feel free to pause this video

and continue knitting your heel flap

until it's about one and a half to two

inches or

however long you like that heel flap to

be

and come back and we will get started on

the heel turn which

i promise you is going to be so magical

you'll want to turn all the heels

[Music]

all right we are coming to the last row

of our heel flap

and you should end on a wrong side

before starting the heel turn

so i'm ending on the wrong side which is

a purl side

last stitch and turn your work to the

right side

and there we have our heel flap so mine

currently measures about

a little over two inches i want to say

ideally you want your heel flap to be a

square it doesn't have to be perfect but

you know ballpark shape square

next up we are going to do the heel flap

and i know this scares a lot of you

but believe me this is very very simple

again the more socks you knit the more

second nature this will become

you will be able to memorize this but if

you are a new sock knitter i would

suggest finding a quiet little corner

i don't know maybe the bathroom a place

where you won't be disturbed for the

next 10 to 15 minutes

because this will require a bit of

attention at first if you refer

to the heel turning section of my

favorite sock pattern you'll see that

the next couple of stitches that you

have to knit will differ depending on

which

size sock you're knitting so again i'm

knitting uh the size medium

which is a 64 stitch cast on so the

pattern says for me to

knit 18 stitches if you are knitting the

small

you're going to knit 16 and if you are

knitting the large you're going to knit

the next

20 stitches so for the size medium i'm

going to knit 18 stitches

so 1 2

3 4 15

16 17 18.

the next step is to slip slip knit or

ssk

so i'm going to do that slip slip

knit and that creates a left leaning

decrease and then i'm going to knit one

stitch

and now the pattern says to turn our

work so i'm going to flip it over

to the wrong side and we're ready to

start row two

so for this row we are going to slip the

next stitch

and according to the pattern depending

what size you're knitting

you will purl four or five or seven

and again i'm knitting the medium size

so i'm going to purl

five stitches one

two three

four five

and now we're going to purl two

and purl one and

turn your work congratulations my friend

you've just

set up your heel turn all right so now

we are going to

progress to row three so for this we're

going to

slip the first stitch as if to purl

and then we're going to knit to the gap

so

if you look very closely here on row one

you knit one together and then

knit a stitch which created a little

tiny gap it's very subtle kind of like a

short row so the pattern says to knit to

one stitch

before the gap and that is this stitch

right here

you can see right there so that is what

i'm going to do

and this applies to no matter what sock

size you're knitting

all right so now you can see

the gap right here and now the pattern

says to slip slip knit

or ssk

don't mind the gap

that's okay after we've made that ssk

we've closed the gap

and then we're just going to knit one

and turn our work

that was easy and row four is relatively

the same except

it's a purl row so we're going to slip

one and then we're going to purl again

to one stitch before the gap

okay and you can see the gap right there

right there and we're gonna do the same

thing we're gonna close that gap with a

purl two together

and a purl one and we're gonna

turn our work if you spread your

knitting apart a little bit you can

start to see the heel turn taking

shape which is pretty awesome all we

need to do now is repeat rows three and

four

until all of these stitches on either

side of

the gaps are worked so pretty simple

right

pause the video here finish turning your

heel come back and we shall start to

pick up the gussets

[Music]

i'm just about to work the last stitch

of row four on the wrong side

and you'll notice there's a gap here but

no stitch after but don't worry about

that

just purl the two stitches together

and turn your work there we go and you

guys look we've turned the heel how cool

is that

i told you it was magic so we still have

one more little gap over here to work

and then we can start

picking up the stitches to create our

gussets or instep

and now we're left with this gap at the

end and we're just going to knit those

two together

and that's it at this point your sock

should look something

like this nothing like a sock but

maybe a piece of modern art or something

but sit tight we're going to

pick up these stitches along the heel

flap and

knit across the top of the foot and then

come back down here and pick up the

other selvage stitches to

start making our gusset stitches if

you're working with double pointed

needles you may have to shift your

stitches around to knit comfortably but

at the end of the day you're going to

put stitch markers at

either end of the top of the foot and a

new stitch marker to

note your beginning of the row so

stick with me this is a little bit

fiddly but

it will all make sense pretty soon so

for this part i'm just going to shift my

stitches around

on my cord so i can free up these

stitches and

manipulate picking up stitches a lot

more easier

if that makes any sense that probably

did that was not grammatically correct i

apologize but

ah words kristin anyway you will see

that there are solid stitches along

either side of the heel flap so to pick

up your solid stitches you're going to

want to insert your left needle

under those solvent those two strands of

selvage stitches

insert your right needle bring your

working yarn around and

knit them and you're going to want to

give the first stitch a nice little tug

just to kind of close the gap

and you're just going to continue going

up along

[Music]

the edge of the heel flap picking up and

knitting those selvage stitches

all right so i've picked up and knit all

the stitches along one side of the heel

flap

and don't worry about stitch count at

this point your stitch count is going to

vary depending how

short or long you made your heel flap

don't worry regardless you're going to

end up with more stitches than you

cast on all of that will be taken care

of when we start decreasing

the gusset stitches so now that we've

picked up and knit the stitches along

one side of the heel flap we're going to

knit the stitches across the top of the

foot i've knit so many socks so i don't

really need to do this but

i if you are new to sock knitting i

would strongly suggest putting a stitch

marker here so you can tell

where one side of the heel flop ends the

top of the foot begins and then

the other side of the heel flap begins

so a stitch marker can definitely help

you but i'm going to shift my

needle stitches along my needles once

again and again

there's no right or wrong way to do this

find a method that works for you as far

as

organizing your stitches but now i'm

going to knit across

the 32 stitches that have been on hold

for

quite some time at this point okay

coming to the

end 32

all right so now i've knit across the

top of my foot i'm going to flip my work

again

again this is the point where you can

put a stitch marker so now we are going

to

pick up and knit

the selvages on the other side of the

heel flap

just insert our needle up there

and just keep doing it so right now your

sock should look something like this

something like a uterus if you know let

your imagination run wild

and earlier i said not to worry too much

about stitch count we're going to

bring our stitch count back down to our

original cast on number

i'm going to knit to

about the midpoint of the heel turn

so i'll have 25 stitches on one side 25

stitches on the other side and put my

stitch marker there and that will be my

new beginning of round

so this stitch right here is the

beginning of one side of the heel flap

so

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16.

i'm just gonna knit now i'm just going

to knit

17 18

19 20 21

22 23 24

25 so i knit 25 now i'm going to pop a

stitch marker on here to

start my new beginning of round and it's

cute little gargoyle

so now i have 25 stitches from the

center of the bottom of the foot all the

way to the top of the foot

so now all we're doing is knitting one

row in the round in plain stockinette

and then slip your markers as you come

to them

and if knitting these stitches feels

fiddly don't worry about it once you

start decreasing your stitches it will

get

a little more easy to manage so now i'm

coming to the top of the foot

and if you put a stitch marker here

simply slip your stitch marker and now

just knit across the top of the foot

when you come to the end of the top of

the foot slip your marker if you put one

shift your stitches around if you need

to

and

knit down the other side

of the heel flap all right we are all

ready to start decreasing

our gusset stitches as i mentioned

you're going to have way more stitches

on your needles than you

cast on and the point of decreasing your

gusset stitches is to bring that stitch

count back down to your original cast on

number so if you need a little break

after this section

pause the video come back and we'll

start decreasing our gusset stitches

all right my friends we're almost done

shaping the middle of the foot

and we will be home free to start

knitting

again in the round but first we need to

decrease our gusset stitches

for this first round we're going to knit

until three stitches before

the first stitch of the top of the foot

or before

the next stitch marker so that

okay we have three stitches left over

here we're just going to

knit two stitches together

and knit one and if you place the stitch

marker here's where you slip your marker

and knit across the top of the foot

now when you come to the other side of

the heel flap you're going to

knit one stitch

and ssk slip slip knit

decrease a stitch and knit to the

beginning of the row

so you've decreased a total of two

stitches on either side of the heel flap

row two this one is so complicated guys

all you're gonna do is knit one row

plain stockinette and that my friends is

row two

so now what we're gonna do is just

repeat rows one and two

until you have your original stitch

count and i will see you

on the other side

[Music]

so your sock should still look something

like a uterus at this point

depending what kind of knitting needles

you're using uh if you're using dpn's it

might look like something else like a

ninja star but

if you've been following along with the

directions and knitting rows one and two

of the gusset decreases

you should be back down to your original

cast on

count and you should have this nice

little triangle formed filled in between

your gusset stitches and your heel flap

on both

sides and if that's where you are

at congratulations you are you're

nailing it for the foot all you're doing

is knitting plain stockinette in the

round

i like to try on my sock occasionally to

check the length and i usually know it's

time to decrease

for the toe when my stitches reach

the tip of my pinky toe but again your

mileage may vary

so again pop on a podcast some netflix

or what have you

call call a loved one call a friend say

hello

and get some stitches in and come back

when you are ready to decrease the toe

if you are watching this i'm assuming

that you have completed knitting the

foot of your sock

congratulations it should look something

like this

just like a flat tube with a little

blob of if you are a new sock knitter

congratulations pat yourself in the back

have an extra slice of cake

or a glass of wine um you've come a long

way

so we are now ready to start decreasing

for the toe

and again we're just going to continue

knitting in the round however we're

going to be decreasing

two stitches on either side of the foot

if you're knitting magic loop the sides

of your socks should naturally be marked

already because i have 32 stitches

across the bottom of my foot and 32

stitches

across the top of my foot but if you're

knitting with dpns or some other method

you should have stitch markers just

marking the edges of your foot

and the reason why you want to keep

these edges clearly marked is because we

are going to be working decreases

upon three stitches before and after

each

point if that makes sense uh if that

doesn't make sense let me demonstrate

starting at the beginning of the row we

are going to knit until three stitches

before the edge okay so now we have

three stitches left over here

we are going to slip slip

knit so ssk and then knit one

and flip our work if you're magic

looping

and if you are using stitch markers slip

your marker

so we're going to work another decrease

over the next three stitches so

knit one

and knit two together so now we've made

two decreases on one side of the foot

now we're going to knit across the top

of the foot

until three stitches before the next

turning point or stitch marker the cool

part about

decreasing the toe is it gets shorter

and shorter with every row

so these will be done in no time

so now we have three stitches remaining

and once again we're going to

ssk make

a left leaning decrease and knit one

okay and then we're going to flip our

work again slip your marker

and last decrease of the round

one more time knit one

and knit two together

and then knit to the beginning of the

round

and that's it we've decreased four

stitches this round so two stitches on

either side of the foot

and for the next round we're going to

knit just knit all your stitches one row

in the round

okay all right so that was row two

so now you're going to repeat these two

rows until you have 28 stitches on the

needles pause the video come back when

you're ready and we will

graft the toe together

well hello there congratulations you

made it to the final round

you should have finished on round two so

when you come to your stitch marker you

can go ahead and remove your stitch

marker

and knit until

you come to the last edge stitch if that

makes any sense so

now if you're using magic loop you want

to just pull

in your stitches or shift your stitches

along your needles

so that you have 14 stitches on one

needle and 14 stitches on the other

needle

and if you are using dpn's you want to

do the same

so shift 14 stitches onto one needle and

14

stitches onto a separate needle and get

rid of your other

needles so you're only going to be

working with two needles now

all right we are going to kitchener

stitch these 14 stitches

and for those of you that are freaked

out by the kitchener stitch

fret knot what you want to do is cut

your yarn so that you have a 10 inch

tail

and grab a darning needle i have this

beautiful darning needle that was

handcrafted by the lovely and amazing

leslie wind

and i keep it with me at all times in my

notions pouch

and i use it for pretty much all my

darning needs

and yeah you just want to thread your

darning needle and again if you're

referencing the

pattern the kitchener stitch is written

out in

all its entirety so hopefully you can

follow along with that but i will

endeavor to explain it and demonstrate

it to my best ability

here on this tutorial so all right when

you're starting the kitchener stitch you

want to make sure that your working yarn

is hanging

down from the needle furthest to you and

then you're going to take

your darning needle you can it's okay

you can shift your stitches up

a little closer to the tip of the needle

to get the kitchener stitch started

you're going to

insert your darning needle into the

first stitch on the needle

closest to you and just pull your yarn

through

then you're going to insert your darning

needle

into the first stitch on the needle

furthest to you as if to knit

and pull it through you're not pulling

these stitches off the needles you're

just setting this up essentially what

this is doing is creating a secure

little

invisible knot so to speak at the

beginning of your kitchener stitch

so now that you have that in place we

can now get into a

a rhythmic flow if that makes sense this

will soon become more intuitive and

hopefully you will be able to memorize

this step number one you're going to

insert your darning needle into that

first stitch on the needle closest to

you

and lift it off the needle and pull your

yarn through

now you're going to insert your needle

into the next stitch on the same needle

as if to purl do not lift it off the

needle but instead just pull your yarn

through so now you've worked

one part of the kitchener stitch on the

needle closest to you but now you have

to work the two stitches on the needle

furthest from you so we're going to do

the same thing but

in reverse order so instead of inserting

your needle

knit wise you're going to insert your

needle purlwise

and lift it off of the needle

next you're going to insert your needle

knit wise into the stitch

directly behind that and pull your yarn

through

and now you've worked a total of two

stitches lifting one stitch

off each needle and that is all you have

to do for the kitchener stitch just

keep repeating those steps until all of

your stitches are worked so of course

i'm going to do this one more time

i'm going to insert my needle as if to

knit

lifting that stitch off the needle

closest to me

pulling it through and inserting

my needle as if to purl

into the stitch behind that pulling my

yarn through

now we're going to work on the back

needle inserting

my needle as if to purl lifting it off

and inserting it as if to knit

in the next stitch and again take this

very slowly one step at a time

and there you go that's it and you'll

start to see how

seamless this grafting looks it's really

nice

knit lift

purl leave behind

purl lift

knit and leave behind

knit lift purl

and leave behind pearl

and lift knit

and leave behind we're almost there you

guys so close we have three more

stitches to work so we're going to knit

and lift

purl and leave behind purl and lift

knit and leave behind

one more i feel like i'm doing a workout

video

knit and lift purl

and leave behind purl and lift

knit and leave behind all right guys

two more stitches left what do we do if

you remember when we set up our

kitchener stitches

we worked the first two rows uh

inserting our needle as if to knit on

the needle closest to us and as if to

purl

and the needle right behind it so for

this one we are doing the same exact

thing

inserting our needle as if to knit

oops don't want that over there okay

and then we're inserting our needle as

if to purl

pull your needles out give it a nice

little tug

and you have just finished knitting a

sock my friends

congratulations so now all that's left

to do is to weave in your ends and block

it if you want and you have

a sock my friends it is done

and there you have it this is how you

knit a sock or at least this is how i

like to knit my socks i know i said at

the beginning that soft knitting is easy

anyone can do it but a simple sock has

quite a bit of anatomy but again the

more socks you knit the easier and more

intuitive and more memorizable it'll be

and again the heel is very plug and play

so it doesn't have to be a grafted

heel or a heel turn you can insert

whatever heel you want to try

whenever you want this again is just my

recipe for

knitting plain socks and they're great

for showcasing

beautiful skeins of hand-dyed yarn or

special yarns

from your travels and yeah i really hope

that you found this tutorial helpful

and that it has inspired you to kick

start your sock knitting journey

whatever that

might look like i had a lot of fun

shooting this and certainly hope to do

more of these tutorials in the future if

you did enjoy this video and found it

helpful and you haven't already please

feel free to

like and subscribe down below i put out

two videos for your viewing pleasure

every week

and until the next video happy knitting

and i'll see you next time

[Music]

you