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How to Grade and Value Pearls: The 5 S's



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just like a diamond is valued by its

foresees pearls have their own valuation

system hi I'm Veronica the watchmojo.com

and Laura from Laura Allen is showing us

how pearls are graded and valued

how are pearls valued well generally

there's five things to take into

consideration when buying pearls you

have to consider the shape you have to

consider their size their shine their

surface and their shape if we're

shopping for pearls is there any way to

find out if they're not genuine

definitely there's a few a few methods

of knowing one's pretty funny I mean

it's you shouldn't do this in front of

the the salesperson but one way is to

rub the Pearl against your tooth and you

if you feel this grindy kind of feeling

you know that it's real but if it slips

then you know that it's fake other than

that you can rub the pearls together and

if they slide you'll know that it's a

synthetic pearl and if you feel that

sandy kind of feeling you know that's a

genuine pearl so right now do you think

you could take us for a closer look at

each of the esses yes absolutely we can

start with the shape of the pearl if you

like so we'll begin with shape shape

plays a role in determining the price of

pearls usually the more perfectly round

the pearl the more expensive the Perot

throughout history pearls brown pearls

were generally considered the most

valuable and expensive because they were

a symbol of the moon but today pearls

perfectly round pearls are still

considered very valuable and expensive

but there are the not so perfectly round

pearls which are considered just as

valuable so this would be an example of

a round pearl this is as you can see so

symmetrical and it's considered the most

valuable and the most expensive out of

all the pearls semi barak are considered

to be more irregular and more imperfect

examples of that would be egg shaped

pearls button shaped pearls pear-shaped

pearls and circular shaped pearls in

this store we often use the circular

shaped pearls I feel that they're

beautiful and they add quite a pizzazz

as you can see here all the Tahitians

are circled there's grooves going around

the pearl which also gives it an

exquisite beauty next we have the broad

pearl these are more distorted and again

very regular what I'm wearing here is

considered a freshwater baroque pearl

there's beauty to be seen an

imperfection and this is one of my

favorite shapes to wear next we'll talk

about size pearls can be as small as two

millimeter in size and can go up as high

as 20 to 25 millimeter in size but

that's also very very rare over here we

have a pearl that's 5 millimeter in size

and then this is as big as 15 to 17

millimeter in size when pearls reach the

eight to nine millimeter mark which is

this size pearls really jump high up in

price

second important factor is that when a

large amount of pearls of the same size

are harvested the cost will go down

third is supply and demand when there's

a high demand for the same sized pearls

the cost will definitely go up and

fourthly another very important factor

is that saltwater pearls are created in

oyster and oysters only create one pearl

at a time and to be able to assemble

entire necklace of the same sized pearl

and shape is very very rare and could

take many many years hence the reason

why they're very valuable and expensive

next is shine usually the deeper and the

more lustrous the pearl is the more

valuable it is when a pearl is created

what happens is that it becomes

threatened by a parasite or foreign

object that enters the shell and by

protecting itself it's decreased what's

called mother of pearl and it'll just

keep layering itself and as it layers

itself it becomes more lustrous so

essentially the longer a pearl remains

in its shell the more lustrous it'll be

for example here I have freshwater

pearls which don't have such a high

luster I mean often these pearls are

examined under a specific light but to

the naked eye you can tell that these

don't have the highest luster this is a

mix of South Sea pearls and Tahitian and

as you can tell it's just very very

vibrant to be able to collect pearls of

this luster together it can take years

next we'll talk about the surface of the

pearl the fewer the flaws and blemishes

on a pearl normally they are considered

more valuable but again there are pearls

with great imperfections that are just

as valuable and desirable in essence

there is no perfection in nature and

again these are created by a

and there is something to appreciate in

all in all the pearls whether they have

blemishes or no blemishes and here I can

show you an example of a strand of

pearls and these are considered to have

no blemishes at all and then here we

have a strand of Tahitian pearls which

do have blemishes and flaws but again

there is beauty and imperfection and I

think it gives it a very exotic and

natural feel lastly we'll talk about the

shade of the Pearl pearls come at an

array of all sorts of beautiful natural

colors to start off with Tahitians

they come in shades of blacks Browns

grays greens but the most desirable

color Tahitian is what's known as the

peacock color and it possesses colors of

the peacock feather here we have a

Tahitian necklace with peacock colored

pearls and you can see there's hues of

Pink's greens purples which is really

exotic and different next we have South

Sea pearls they come in shades of creams

golden colors and grayish tones lastly

we have the freshwater pearls as what

I'm wearing here they come in white

creams pinks violets here we have a

strand of freshwater pearls and you can

see there's different hues of pink

there's orange II colors and ivory as

well and all these pearls are all

natural occurring colors anything other

than that would be considered guide so

these are the five s's of pearls and

next time when you walk into a jewelry

store to buy pearls you know what five

important s is to take into

consideration