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READING COMPREHENSION TIPS AND STRATEGIES-WEEK 5-GRADE 5



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drop it hello once again welcome to our

e-learning for today and for today's

video we're going to discuss about

reading comprehension strategies and

this week we're going to always week

seven from May 3 to May 7 2020 let's

discuss the schedule for this week

for today Sunday you're going to watch

until the end of this video

patiently and you're going to complete

the worksheet that I attached in your

class dojo and finally you're going to

study some spelling activity some

spelling list or a spelling challenge

for Wednesday or tomorrow Monday you're

going to do the soccer tip and the

soccer team will cover up everything in

this video and finally on Wednesday you

will do the required worksheet that will

be reading comprehension number two and

you will be doing if you are interested

to compete for the spelling challenge

you're going to meet me in zoom meeting

and do the spelling bee challenge so

let's start with our lesson for today so

we have three topics for today number

one I'm going to teach you steps in

answering and sing reading comprehension

so there will be quite a few steps in

answering and scene comprehension and

number two we're going to discuss about

three types of questions in reading

comprehension and finally what are the

things to remember when you are doing

and answering reading comprehension so

steps in answering number one read the

questions first so what are you going to

do get related ideas from the questions

and this will save more time so when

you're having unseen comprehension when

you're reading a story or a text or a

passage you need to read the questions

first and then go back to the reading

part so the first step that you're going

to do is read the questions okay so for

example

this is a reading comprehension and you

never read it before so because it's

called unseen now as you can see this is

a very short reading and there are three

questions here now what are you going to

do again is to read the questions first

so number one this is the questions now

where didn't sense journey on the Silk

Road take him so this is the question

and then you're going to look for that

answer later on okay so we'll read the

questions were so that you will be

getting related ideas getting ideas from

the questions first so that you will

know what to underline what to highlight

what to look for in this reading passage

over here now as you can see I'll go

back in this reading comprehension test

so this is a second paragraph and you

will read this was sense first journey

on the Silk Road and it had taken him

beyond the Great Wall of China

now Sen realized that China was only one

part of the world so as you can see

where did sense journey where so the

question is where so it's a place so

which means that you can take it from

the text right now before reading it you

know what to look so what's the place so

as you can see the answer is two lands

outside of China why because of the word

beyond the Great Wall of China which

means to get out beyond Great Wall of

China

so with that idea you can say to the

lands outside of China now again read

the second question and that's based on

details in the passage how did the Silk

Road change China so again remember to

read all the questions first before you

go to the reading text because you need

to get an idea about the question so

that you will know what to look for

ok so here you're going to look for how

did the Silk Road change China and that

will be in this underlying sentences so

just 300 years ago the Han Emperor knew

nothing of India Persia Greece or Rome

Chinese silk rich all of those places

through trade so 300 years ago the Han

Emperor knew nothing nuna Englishmen she

doesn't know anything about this places

ok so which means what is the advantage

of the Silk Road

to China so the answer here is that it's

lethargy people in China became aware of

the outside world now again that's a

very very easy question if and only if

you knew or what is the question all

about before reading so remember to read

the question first

next what prevented the Chinese and

Romans from trading at first so from

getting this idea you will know what to

look for in this passage over here so by

that it's here in this underlined

sentences so the Romans traders did not

speak Chinese and the Chinese traders

did not speak the Roman language so

which means that the problem is in the

language so what's the answer here it's

letter B they did not speak each other's

language so remember this is first step

read the questions first so that you can

get idea okay what to look for in the

reading passage before you read this

okay so read the questions first then

the passage all right now we go to the

second step the second step is read the

text story twice

okay so I'll discuss this before in our

classes that you need to read this story

or the text twice but not the whole

passage okay so you're going to read

only the important paragraphs okay so

reading only once is not enough so even

even teachers even people who are very

good in English they need to read twice

if they are answering reading

comprehension questions so it is

important to reread long paragraphs so

you need to look for long paragraphs or

what you think is important and you're

going to read it again if you did not

understood it or understand it in the

first place so you need to reread it

until you understand every detail and

finally never miss an important detail

so you need to read it again okay so

that's the second step okay so as you

can see going back here you can see that

beyond the Great Wall of China that is

real reading if you did not understand

this it means that when you say beyond

the Great Wall of China it means the

places outside of China because the

grade of wall of china is covering China

up okay so that's why the answers to the

lands outside of China next another idea

is

king of India Persia Greece or Rome so

by getting that you can get the idea

that they don't they are not aware of

the outside world and finally did not

speak Chinese or did not speak the

Romance language so with these ideas if

you reread it so reading the text twice

in this important paragraphs you will

get the idea of the correct answer so

that's the second step in answering

unseen comprehension which means that

you need to look for ideas by rereading

some paragraphs okay so let's go to the

third step in answering unseen

comprehension number three answer easier

questions first so this is number three

you are going to answer easier questions

now sometimes you answer one two three

four five up to ten if there are ten

questions but you will find like number

three or number four are very difficult

questions and you will be spending a lot

of time reading and looking for the

answer if it's too hard for you you need

to go to the next number number four or

number five because you will be wasting

a lot of time and effort so do not spend

too much time in difficult questions so

you need to answer the easier questions

first so that you will be saving time

and effort and you're going to skip time

by consuming questions so skip it then

get back okay so you need to skip the

questions and then when you are done

answering you're going to go back with

these hard questions or difficult

questions and you will be having more

time and little of effort okay so that's

the step number three answer easier

questions first

next number four make use of keywords

but to do underline or highlight

important words in the passage or texts

you need to underline important words so

if these are characters of the story you

need underline the characters for the

story if this are the setting of the

story or passage in it underline this

the setting or the place of the story if

these are important details of the

passage you need to underline them so

what are the your key words so some of

the key words are the following it can

be burbs or action words so when you say

verbs these are action words just like

struggle okay tear a bandage something

like that so you are going to look

for who and what which means the main

details all right so I'll give you an

example again going back to this text so

as you can see here now we're going to

underline in the question the birds

okay so that is take okay so taken as

you can see here by reading or

underlining the word take you can see

the word taken here so which means that

this is giving you an idea that the this

second paragraph is where you can find

the correct answer next let's go to the

second one change China so getting the

idea from the world change China you can

get this idea taught that we had the

only civilization so because a Chinese

civilization before they thought that

they they are the only world there that

they thought that they are the only

place in the world however it changed

China because now they knew that there

are many places in the world okay so

finally you are going to look for it

again prevented so burbs make sure that

you underline important birds in the

question first check change and prevent

it and you look for the same ideas in

the paragraph or in the passage as you

can see here prevented which means they

did not speak the Chinese language and

did not speak the Romance language that

prevented them trading actually alright

so that's the fourth steps in answering

and scene comprehension okay let's go to

number five make use of context clues I

know that you know about using context

clues

remember that context screws are tips or

hints you can find around vocabulary

word so there will be many words that

you will not understand in the passage

okay but you will understand them by

reading around or reading the sentence

with that vocabulary word so

understanding the meaning of the

vocabulary word will help you answer and

see in comprehension activities so for

example again as you can see this is the

the Silk Road okay you can pause this

video if you want to read it now the

word interpreters interpreters that's a

vocabulary word for elementary students

now let's discuss what it is so this is

a conte bow cavalieri word and we're

looking for context clues so we're going

to read it everyone agrees at

said the Persians will be our

interpreters now they could trade with

the Romans so we can see here before

that Chinese people and Roman people

when they are trading the silk and

materials they cannot understand each

other so the Persians will be our

interpreters so what's the meaning of

interpreters so interpreters based on

this one now they could trade with

Romans it means that the Persians are

someone who can translate the language

from Chinese to Roman or romantic

Chinese so they will be the middleman

translating each language so that they

will be understanding each other okay so

that's why you can get the idea of

interpreters by reading around and

getting ideas from the passage so that

you can give the meaning or find the

meaning of the word interpreters okay

let's go to the next one number six this

is the final step in answering unseen

comprehension activities number six

identify the main idea of each paragraph

okay

so remember if there are seven

paragraphs in the passage there are

seven main ideas if there are ten

paragraphs in this passage or text there

are ten main ideas okay because authors

divide the ideas using paragraphs okay

so they divide ideas by making it into

paragraphs so they write the first

paragraph that's one idea

second paragraph that's another idea

third part that's another idea okay so

usually one paragraph means one main

idea now where do we find the main ideas

in one paragraph so most of main ideas

are found in the first and last

sentences okay so I'm going to show you

right now what it is we need to count

how many paragraphs are there here so we

have that's number one that's the first

paragraph that's the second paragraph

the the support that's the third

paragraph that's the fifth paragraph the

sixth paragraph and the seventh

paragraph so there are seven paragraphs

here and there are seven small main

ideas okay

so we go here to the first paragraph now

where can we find the main idea of the

first paragraph in in our discussion it

can be found in the first paragraph or

in the last paragraph okay so we can see

here this is the first sentence so the

circle

was about 4,000 miles 6,400 kilometers

long so which means that this can be the

main idea or this one so the first and

the last then each group of traders went

back the way they had come so in the

first paragraph we can say that the main

idea is that the Silk Road is used for

trading goods and it's how its 6,400

kilometers long so which means that this

is the main idea about the first

paragraph it talks about the Silk Road

only and it is used for trading goods

now we go to the second paragraph okay

so for the second paragraph this is the

first sentence at the second set and in

the last sentence now I underline only

this one because it's the most important

of them all so now some realize that

China was only one part of the world so

which means that China was only part of

the world ok so this is the main idea of

the second paragraph so this is what we

call the main idea all right now this

main idea will give us a ideas ideas or

details how to answer the unseen

comprehension okay so that's the steps

in answering and scene comprehension all

right so let's go to the second topic

for today what are the types of

questions found in unseen comprehension

test okay so we have three questions

actually so the first type of question

is this the literal question so that the

literal questions are just like copy

pasted coming from the text to a

question so they often start with what

who when where why and how the keywords

appear in the text question and answer

for example the question who glanced at

the clock impatiently so this is the

question okay of a passage now one of

the one of the texts okay so when you go

back to that X you found that mrs. Jones

glanced at the clock impatiently so the

answer here is mrs. Jones because of the

question who which means looking for a

person and you can see the verbs are the

same glance or glance okay so everything

is the same okay so which means that

your answer here is mrs. Jones because

you can see the questions who and this

is actually the text so literal

questions are actually the easiest types

of questions so you can just look for

the burbs

and the question and you will

at the text then you will find the

correct answers the second one is what

we call inference questions so the words

are not the same in the question and in

the in the passage so the author's the

writers of these questions they use

different words but they mean the same

thing okay so like for example glance

you can also use the word look okay

glance or find out something like that

now authors give readers extra details

by giving clues so the authors of every

passage they have actually readers they

have put it they put details before in

they have put details in the reading

passage now inferences require you to

think and search for clues and solve the

answer so what are you going to do is

that you're going to look you need to

think and search for clues around the

passage okay so it's so it's a little

bit difficult but if you read it

carefully you read it twice you read you

read the questions first this question

will be easier if you followed all the

six steps that I discussed okay so you

need to underline you need to look for

context clues you need to look for four

main ideas something like that where do

you find the answer of an inference

question an inference question you need

to look every paragraph so answers are

linked from different paragraphs of the

text so you can see or you can find the

answer by reading from paragraphs on

another paragraph so that's the second

type of question the inference question

you need to think and search and the

answers are actually from different

paragraphs ok the ideas are from the

different paragraphs so this is the

example of inference questions what text

evidences show that Chinese people only

knew about China for more than 300 years

so what text evidence so you need to

find the text evidences here where

people in China before they knew that

there's only one part of the word and

that's only China okay so you can find

it in the third paragraph and coming

from the second paragraph so you can get

ideas from the second third and

sometimes fourth paragraph okay and

number two why is the Silk Road

important to China okay so there's no

single sentence that will explain here

or single paragraph answering why is the

Silk Road deported the China

you can get the ideas from the first

paragraph that are part of the fifth

paragraph whatsoever so which means that

you will get the ideas coming from the

text okay from different paragraphs

that's what we call inference questions

so you will answer some like this in

your worksheet later on and finally

let's go to the third type of questions

and that is what we call evaluation

questions so what are you going to do is

that you need to base your answers on

your own so on your own opinion okay so

in your own experiences and evidence

explain why characters are thinking

feeling or behaving in a particular way

so for example if there are questions

based on your own idea you need to add

your ideas to explain some details okay

so it sometimes it starts with the

question what do you think or in your

opinion okay and there is no right

answer so you need to explain your ideas

carefully okay now I'm going to give you

some examples of evaluation questions

based from this example over here so

example of evaluation questions what do

you think about Chinese trade before the

use of the Silk Road so again it starts

with what do you think so what is your

idea right now so before the the trading

of the Silk Road we use in the red silk

road how do you Chinese trade before so

where do they trade okay do they trade

with other countries or did do they

trade on their own only and in number

two in your opinion how did the Persians

learn about Roman and Chinese language

in this text you can see that Persians

can talk in Chinese and talk in Roman

language in your opinion how did they

learn this two languages okay

so as you can see here these are

examples of evaluation questions so to

summarize this 3 we have literal

questions inference questions and in

number 3 web evaluation questions your

answers are based on your experiences or

your ideas let's go to the third short

topic we we have to discuss what are the

things to remember when you're answering

unseen comprehension tests so every

answer can and should be found or

inferred from the story or the passage

so which means that every question and

answer are already found in in

text okay so if you have any question

for example in any any detail and you

cannot find it do not complain because

everything is actually in the text so

you need to look for it find it okay

next do not try to draw conclusions from

outside knowledge unless it is required

by question so what do we mean by this

so some students will be thinking oh I

think about this one I think I've read

about this idea before do not try to

copy ideas or get ideas from different

ideas from the books other books because

that's what you're reading okay so what

you're reading you will get only ideas

from what you're reading right now do

not get ideas from other books or other

passages finally the third idea the

things are things to remember is to read

each instructions carefully some of you

directly it goes to the to the questions

okay and then answers them without

reading the instructions the first thing

that you need to do is to read the

instructions carefully

you need to read every part of the test

you need to follow instructions

carefully by reading them thoroughly

okay to summarize our ideas I have

discussed six strategies or tips in the

reading comprehension we had three types

of questions and we have three things to

remember and you're going to answer this

summary in your worksheet for today all

right so let's go to the worldsheet

right now and including the spelling

challenge on Wednesday I'm going to give

you ideas about it let's click it here

so this is your worksheet for today so

grade five English unseen reading

comprehension skills in Thaddius and

spelling worksheet by the way for

Wednesday and now what you're going to

do is that you're going to answer the

following all right so here you have the

six strategies and the three types of

questions and the three things to

remember everything here is in the video

so if you watch the video you can answer

this one if you cannot answer this one

it means that you did not take note well

while you're watching the video or you

did not watch the video so I want you to

answer this based on the video okay and

then going to the second activity the

second question you're going to read

this story

Abbasi right into history okay it's

actually short it's only less than one

page and you're going to answer it from

one to five ABC

okay and there will be three evaluation

questions or inference questions so we

have one two three over here okay so

that's only three pages for the activity

for unseen and if you are interested to

join and compete on challenge

spelling challenge on Wednesday I want

you to study this one so I'm going to

read it for you so this is the spelling

list for Wednesday challenge spelling

challenge which will run on Wednesday

May 6 from 3 p.m. to 3:40 p.m. there

will be a zoom meeting you will be

competing for the elimination round and

final run of this spelling list

competition so this will be the words

that you're going to memorize or study

if you are interested to participate if

you're going to to be eliminated I'm

sorry but I'm going to get up six

students for the final round and the

winners the top three winners will be

given certificate and then I will be

sending this to their email so I want

you to study this now if you are in the

final round some of the words will not

be coming from this list so we will be

happy having unseen spelling this so if

you want to compete and win a

certificate of recognition so I think

that's the end of our lesson for today

thank you for watching this is mr.

Johnson signing off thank you and

goodbye

[Music]

[Applause]

you