Two Year Old Child Development Stages & Milestones | Help Me Grow MN

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Minnesota Help Me Grow - When Parents know, Children Grow.

Age: Two Years. Your two-year-old child learns through his play

and play is what he loves to do. Play with toys, creative materials,

other children, and you—all provide valuable ways for your two-year-old to


Cognitive Development.

What are some other thinking and learning skills you should expect at two

years of age?

By two, a child will be able to point to and name many things.

She will enjoy looking at pictures in books—the more realistic the pictures

the better.

If she sees herself in a photo, she is likely to recognize it as her picture.

Your two-year-old will begin to sort and match.

And you can encourage this by pointing out things that match.

(Playing a xylophone.) "Twinkle twinkle little star, how I wonder what you are."

if your 2-year-old has heard action songs,

she will be able to perform some of these actions along with the song.

By two, a child can follow simple two step instructions.

Make-believe play begins around

age two. Children will imitate what they see their parents do around the house,

like sweeping or washing dishes. She shows what she is thinking with more

understanding when she can pretend—

by putting her dolly in a box in pretending the box

is a bed.

Language and Communication Development.

(Child) "No pig." The two-year-old vocabulary seems huge compared to just a few months


The two-year-old typically knows and uses 200 to 300 words.

Many of these words are nouns—names of family members,

pets, and such words as car, doll or cat.

Some two-year-olds may use a few pronouns.

favorite words at two may be "no," "me,"

and "mine." You will be hearing sentences that may be two to three words long like,

"muh milk please." Minor pronunciation errors such as

"tat" for cat are common.

"Yeah, there's a blue seal. Did we see them swimming around in a pool?"

"Yeah." The two-year-old understands the power of "no," and will use it to communicate to

others often.

He will use a variety of ways to communicate

through words, body language, facial expressions and, when overcome with

frustration or anger,

tantrums. At the same time,

she will enjoy listening to other speak, and will repeat some other words she


Your two-year-old will be using her newfound language to communicate her


and you will hear many words. Your 2-year-old will repeat words heard in


some you may wish not be repeated. The two-year-old child understands simple


and will respond the communication directed to him. At two,

children begin to have questions about everything in their world around them.

You can help your child develop more language by talking about what they are


Social and Emotional Development. You may be finding that your two-year-old can be

very intense in her reactions

and you might find parenting a bit of a challenge at this stage.

Your child may have a tantrum when she doesn't get her way.

A toddler needs help to learn to control his intense feelings

and it is normal at this age to see a child have a tantrum.

Stay calm when your child is having a tantrum

This helps them learn to calm himself—an important life skill.

Your child may show defiant behavior, and you will need to redirect him.

At two, many children have episodes of feeling anxious and upset when they are

separated from their parents.

At the same time, your child will become increasingly interested in playing with

other children.

Give your child regular chances to play with children her age.

Playtime with other children helps your child learn to develop friendships,

learn to cooperate and practice sharing. Toddler play times can have their

challenging moments

because two-year-olds need help learning to share and cooperate.

You can acknowledge feelings and teach social skills at the same time

when your child is arguing over a toy. You can say,

"I know the truck is your favorite toy, but Sam would like a turn at pushing it."

Toddler play times will need adult supervision.

Large and Small Muscle Development.

Two-year-olds are on the move,

and moving well. Walking is their primary way to get around.

And boy they can run! Your child is able to move around obstacles

instead a running into them. She will be able to start and stop

and walk backwards. At two, your child will be able to walk

up and down the stairs while holding onto the railing or your hand.

Your child may enjoy playing with the large ball

they can toss or roll. Toddlers enjoy games and songs that involve actions

and will be able to perform the actions with improved imitations.

Young children this age have more developed ways if using their fingers

and hands.

By two years, children can easily pick up small objects and manipulate them.

Your child will likely be putting toys together

and taking them apart. When playing with blocks,

the two-year-old is able to build the tower have several blocks high.

When allowed to use crayons or markers,

a two-year-old will scribble around in circles. Handedness is still not fully


but you may notice your child has a preferred hand when scribbling.

Your child probably does less mouthing of toys and other objects,

and is more likely to learn about things by looking and touching them.

There are several things you can do to help your two-year-old grow and learn.

Some ways you can support your child's development are to:

Help your child work through feelings of frustration and anger.

Keep reading or telling stories to your toddler every day.

Ask her to find objects for you or name body parts and objects.

Play matching games together. Talk with her about

everything. Sing songs. Provide toys that encourage creativity

such as blocks, cars, dolls, empty boxes,

markers and paper. Make sure your home is safe,

child proofed.

Sometimes, two-year-olds aren't developing typically or as expected.

These signs indicate that your child may not be developing as other children his


He is unable to walk well, or is walking on his tip-toes.

He doesn't speak at least 50 words. He isn't using two words sentences by age two.

He doesn't imitate actions or words. He doesn't follow simple instructions.

if you have concerns about your child's development,

contact your health care provider or you can call the Minnesota Department of

Education Help Me Grow

information and referral line

at 1-866-693-GROW (4769)