get rid of a

Opening blocked tear ducts: Oculoplastics External DCR

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your ophthalmologist has recommended

surgery to treat a blocked tear duct

near your eye the procedure called

external Doc Rios isto Rhino STEMI or

external DCR will allow tears to drain

properly again from your eye into your

nose this helps stop the excessive

tearing discharge and eye irritation

that comes with a blocked tear duct

let's take a look at what happens when

your tear duct is blocked tears protect

the eyes and keep them moist and healthy

tears come from the conjunctival which

is the clear tissue over the white of

the eye and from the lacrimal glands

these glands are located above each eye

the tears flow across the surface of

your eye and drain through tiny holes

called puncta puncta are in the corners

of your upper and lower eyelids near the

nose the tears then travel through tiny

passages and the eyelids they eventually

go into the nasolacrimal duct before

emptying into your nose this is why your

nose runs when you cry when the tear

drainage system is either partly or

completely blocked tears cannot drain

normally the eye becomes watery and

irritated it can also be constantly

infected a blocked tear duct can be due

to age injury or infection the DCR

procedure creates a new pathway for

tears to flow out of the eye bypassing

the blocked tear drainage system

DCR surgery is an outpatient procedure

it's performed on our local anesthesia

with sedatives to numb the area and

relax you or you may have general

anesthesia so that you're in a very deep

sleep your surgeon can explain which

anesthesia option is recommended for you

external doc Rios isto Rhino steaming or

DCR is surgery that creates a new

pathway for tears to drain from the eye

when the tear duct is blocked the

surgeon will make a small incision near

the inside corner of the eye he or she

will then create a new opening directly

from the eyes lacrimal sac into the

nasal cavity to allow tears to drain a

surgical adhesive or stitches are used

to close the incision and a tube like


may be used temporarily to keep the new

drain from closing up while healing the

tube can be removed later in the

surgeon's office or outpatient surgery

center as with any surgery there are

possible risks with external DC our

external DC are risks can include

bleeding infection scarring failure of

the new drainage channel to stay open

requiring additional surgery temporary

problems blinking and closing the eye

and anesthesia related complications if

your tear duct is completely blocked the

only other treatment option is a similar

surgery that goes in through the nose

rather than outside of it if your tear

duct is only partly blocked there may be

alternatives to DC are other options may

include placing a surgical balloon or

tubes in the duct to enlarge it and keep

it open your ophthalmologist can explain

why he or she chose external DC R to

treat your blocked tear duct you do not

have to be treated for your blocked tear

duct however if it is left untreated you

will continue to have tearing discharge

from the eye and irritation you also

risk developing a serious infection that

could lead to vision loss surgery can

prevent these problems if you have any

questions or concerns about DC our ask

your ophthalmologist he or she will be

happy to help you understand the risks

and benefits of this procedure also if

you have any questions or concerns about

your eyes or your vision in general

don't hesitate to bring them up your

ophthalmologist is committed to

protecting your sight