How to manual focus with 35mm film cameras - Demo

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this is the novoflex 5.6 400 millimeter

lens this is a beast

so the focusing is through the handle

here and you push or pull to adjust your

focus as you go this is intense well

needless to say I won't be taking this

on any rooftops or downtown areas any

time soon so uh yeah just go and put

that down for now


so we're not talking about that lens day

but we will later on in the future today

we are talking about focusing systems

with old 35 millimeter cameras now

there's a few different systems you're

gonna see throughout most of the major

brands and it translates depending on to

make the model the year they were made

but these are basically the four main

systems you're going to see throughout

most of these old 35 millimeter cameras

so if you're familiar with how most of

these work this might not be an episode

for you but if you're new to 35

millimeter film this could be pretty

beneficial for you in either way it's

gonna be kind of interesting the way we

do it so the major focusing systems are

split image focusing which is primarily

in rangefinder cameras then of course we

have split image focusing micro prism

focusing and then lastly is a

combination of those last two so let's

just clarify a few things real quick

first of all somehow I managed to record

this in 720 instead of 1080 so sorry for

that second of all I also managed to

record in 30 frames per second instead

of 24 which is really bothering me right

now but I'm already done with the Edit

and it's taking me quite some time and I

need to move on to other projects so I'm

just gonna have to deal with it this


and then lastly from here on out

whenever I say split image what I am

supposed to be saying is split prism so

just keep that in mind as as we continue

here so let's pull up our display and


right into this so we have our cameras

there let's pull our focus all right so

of course we have rangefinder split

prism micro prism and then lastly we're

gonna do the combo so first let's do

rangefinder you got that there bring

that over here so it's not right in my

face now our focus knob here so with

range finders you're primarily gonna see

split image focusing it's fairly easy to

get your focusing right but basically

what you have is you have your primary

image here then of course off center do

you have a separate kind of yellowish

screen image depending on the camera

you're using and what you want to do is

you want to line those images up so if

you adjust your focus you're gonna see

that those images start to line up as

you turn it and once they're completely

straight that's when your focus is

accurate now this is great because if

you're doing street photography you can

kind of set your focus to how far you

want it away and then of course you can

track that image until it lines up

properly and take your shot it's fairly

easy it's extremely accurate and for me

it's my favorite kind of focusing system

in these old cameras ok so let's get rid

of that next up we have split image

focusing again let's move that off my

face here now with split image focusing

you have a center circle and your image

is split in half either down the center

or like a 45 degree angle and what you

want to do again is you have to line up

those two images now this can be

difficult if you're shooting something

with not a lot of contrast or you have a

hard time finding a line to pick out so

if you're doing things like portraits

and you're shooting really up-close

there's not much in your cheekbone or up

on your forehead you can pick out to

kind of line up so you would either want

to focus more on the eye or the nose

perhaps if you have a prominent line

there or even the side of the face where

you can kind of line up the ear or the

side of the head so that you can make

sure your focus is on point

but if you're out shooting in the woods

or something like that you have a lot of

trees you have a lot of leaves it's just

a very chaotic background and it can be

hard to line up your focus with this

system so you're gonna have to kind of

go back and forth between the

measurements on your lens and what you

think if you can't quite pick it out all

right so let's get rid of that again

next up for a fictive bring that back

over here

micro prism focusing so this is micro

prism focusing now if micro prism

focusing it's the same concept as split

image and focusing only it's on a much

smaller scale so you'll have your center

ring so that image is still split in two

but instead of having just one reference

point you have 50 60 however many

reference points to kind of line that

image up

so it does kind of give you a 3d effect

which is nice because it allows you once

you flatten out that 3d effect you know

that you're in focus but again if you're

shooting a background with a lot of

different colors or if you're shooting

outdoors and like in the woods or

something like that it can be hard to

figure out that focus point so you might

want to change your focus area to kind

of figure out where you're at as far as

your depth of field adjust accordingly

and then put your composition together

all right so get rid of that next up now

this is the last one this is a

combination of micro prism as well as

split prism focusing so now with this

what you have is an outer circle with

your micro prism focusing and then the

center is going to be a split image

focus now this is really nice to have a

combination of the two because there are

certain situations like we talked about

where one focusing isn't going to work

or it's just not quite ideal so this one

you have two different options if one

isn't quite working out for you you have

the other one to fall back on just in

case it's great speeds up the process

gives you a little more options that you

get your focus quicker so you don't miss

as many shots so as we adjust here you

can see the outer 3d effect kind of goes

away as you're getting further into

focus and then of course in the center

you have your split image focusing which

adjusts as well to make sure your focus

is accurate perfect all right let's get

rid of that squish that off to the side

I don't want that there anymore

awesome so remember these are all Center

focusing systems so if you don't want

your focus on the center of the image

just get your focus and then rearrange

your composition to how you want it so

I've used all these different systems I

have a yushik of 135 that has the split

image focusing I have my Nikon F which

is the split prism focusing my K 1000 is

micro Prizm focusing and of course the

AE one and A one program are a

combination of the two with a split

prism in the center and then micro prism

and the exterior circle of that so I

hope that was beneficial for you I hope

it will made a little easier to

understand at the different ways there

are to focus with 35 millimeter cameras

if so please leave like comment if you

wanted to see something different

leave that down below and I may or may

not read it I'm like Who am I kidding

I'm gonna read it I'm gonna see it so

again thank you for watching I hope you

enjoyed this and be sure to keep

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