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Social Anxiety Disorder - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

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Say it’s your first day at a new job.

Maybe you’re nervous or jittery.

You want to make a good impression.

Those feelings are pretty normal, and may actually help you be more alert and careful.

But after a few weeks, once you’re used to the job, and you know your coworkers, that

nervousness usually diminishes, right?

Well, for some people that initial anxiety is really high, and stays really high over

time.

For those people, the fear of being judged negatively by new people might be so daunting

that it affects their ability to do their job well.

In fact, even the idea of having to be somewhere where they may be scrutinized by others might

make them not want the job in the first place.

This describes social anxiety disorder.

It’s unclear what causes social anxiety disorder, but it’s thought to be a combination

of genetic and environmental factors, like having a close relative with social anxiety

disorder or being exposed to neglect or abuse.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-5, defines social anxiety

disorder as causing individuals to fear acting in a certain way that might make them get

judged, and it can cause anxiety that interferes with their normal routine as well as their

relationships.

What’s more, is that the fear or anxiety is persistent, lasting for 6 or more months.