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How to Run 100m As A World-Class Sprinter

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The most prestigious event in track and field athletics is the simplest one.

The sound of the gun, an explosion of muscle, and less than ten seconds later, a winner.

And all the sprinters seem to do is move their arms while placing one foot in front of the

other.

Yet, in those several seconds, the best athletes use running skills so advanced that sports

scientists are still trying to understand them.

Acceleration to maximum speed is extremely power-consuming, as it can take over 70% of

the sprinter's energy.

The energy spent on acceleration contributes to the fatigue in the latter part of the race.

Given this, top speed and speed maintenance is a direct result of energy efficiency during

acceleration.

The first step out of the blocks is the longest one.

As speed grows, with each following stride, there is less time to push.

Adjusting to this, high performing sprinters transmit force to the ground progressively

quicker by precisely timing their efforts.

However, in big races, even elite athletes sometimes fail at their force application

timing.

Trying to maximize coming out of the blocks, they push at each step a little longer than

necessary.

Consequently, they tense up and burn too much energy just to get slower acceleration and

lower maximum speed.