How to develop 35mm Black and white film AT HOME

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welcome to another installment of my

video series think more shoot less today

we'll be covering how to process your

own 35 millimeter black and white

negatives at home let's get started

there's gonna be a blog post to go with

this on my website Dave Rollins comm

that will cover all the equipment that

you need to get started it's about a

hundred and twenty dollars for all the

equipment that you need or around three

hundred dollars with an Epson scanner

here's a brief overview of all the

equipment that you'll need you're gonna

need a day light development tank I

highly suggest the Patterson - reel or

three real tanks you're gonna need a

changing bag to load your film into the


you're gonna need developer which I

highly suggest Roden all you'll need

rapid fixer such as ilford rapid fixer

you'll also need some sort of chemical

safe bottle to hold your fixer you're

going to need 50 milliliter graduate or

a 5 milliliter measuring spoon I've also

been using a measuring syringe that I

got at a local drugstore and a thousand

milliliter graduate funnels and a bottle


alright let's dive right in first step

you'll need to load your film onto the

reels in a changing bag I'll pop the

canister open with a bottle opener and

tear off the film leader

from this point I'll go ahead and load

the film on to the autoloading reel I've

removed the ball bearings from my reels

and I just use my fingers to keep the

film moving forward second step once

you've got your film loaded into the

reel and into the tank we're gonna mix

up our Roden all at a one to fifty

dilution in 275 degree water the amount

of chemistry you need will change

depending on the tank size that you're

using so for my three real tank using

regular inversion I need a thousand

milliliters of water so I'll put in

twenty milliliters of Roden all now

you'll mix your Ilford rapid fixer at a

1/2 for dilution for Ilford rapid fixer

to get 500 milliliters of solution I'll

mix up a hundred milliliters of fixer

and 400 milliliters of water for a

thousand milliliters of ilford rapid fix

I'll mix up 200 milliliters of fixer and

800 milliliters of water pre wash your

film with a similar temperature water

and do some inversions for one to two

minutes before developing pour in your

developer and develop for the times

listed in this case I'm developing Tmax

3200 at the box speed of 3200 close the

lid thoroughly make sure to press around

all the edges and then I'll lift one

slight edge while pressing in the center

to create a vacuum seal this will help

prevent leaks in this case the times

listed for Roden all one 225 dilution at

68 degrees also work the same for 1 250

at 75 degrees

the reason I use this dilution and a

slightly higher temperature is because

it uses half the amount of chemicals but

keeps that same short development time

here are some development times for

Roden all i've listed the various times

for ilford hp-5 so you can see how the

time differs based on what speed you're

shooting your film at Adsit 8 your film

by doing two to five inversions every 30

seconds an inversion is when you turn

the tank completely over and I'll also

rotate the tank as I'm turning it slap

the tank after your inversions to

dislodge any bubbles pour your developer

down the drain the next step is to pour

in your fixer and agitate using the same

inversion process we discussed before

using ilford rapid fixer I always

process for five minutes be sure to pour

your fixer back into the tank for reuse

when fixer is exhausted be sure to

follow your local toxic waste guidelines

for disposal fixer cannot go down the

drain from here we'll rinse our film

using a modified version of the Ilford

washing method you'll fill the tank

agitate using the inversions and dump

I'll do ten inversions dump fill it do

twenty inversions dump fill it do 30

inversions dump and from here we're

ready for our wedding agent a washing

agent will help keep water spots off

your negatives I always use distilled

water for this process because it has no

minerals or anything in it to cause

those water spots I'll put in two drops

of a wetting agent in this case I'm

using lfn wetting agent adds it eight

for one minute and dump now we're ready

to hang our negatives to dry some people

suggest that you squeegee your negatives

I never do this I always suggest

developing at night so you can allow


time for your negatives to dry and cure

so here's a quick recap of all our steps

we need to load our film onto the reels

in a changing bag once we get them on

the reels and into the tank we can

remove the tank from the changing bag

and we're ready to develop we'll do one

to two minutes of free wash we'll then

pour in our developer that we've mixed

up from here after we've developed for

the proper amount of time and done all

our inversions we'll dump out our

developer and pour in our fixer we'll

fix for five minutes and be sure to do

our inversions during that process pour

your fixer back into the chemical safe

bottle that you store it in from here

we'll do our Ilford washing method after

that we do our wedding agent with

distilled water for one minute then we

hang our negatives to dry once you do

this a couple times you'll really get

the hang of it and it's much more

cost-efficient to develop your own film

at home I hope this video helps you

process your own 35 millimeter black and

white negatives at home now here's the

hard part

creating a compelling image check out my

scanning video to see how I scan thirty

five-millimeter 120 and 4x5 negatives

and stay tuned for my next video on

color development at home remember think

more shoeless