bend

Episode 22 - How To Bend Conduit - 1/2" 3/4" and 1" EMT - BENDING 90s, OFFSETS, BOX OFFSETS, & KICKS



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what's going on my friends this is

Dustin sells with another episode of

electrician u and today we're finally

going to talk conduit bending this has

been one of those episodes that like

every fifth person on the internet seems

to be asking they want conduit bending

so that's we're doing today alright so

the first thing that I'm gonna do is I'm

gonna start bending some half-inch pipe

I'm gonna talk a little bit about 90s

offsets box offsets and kicks I have a

few different types of vendors so first

thing I'm just gonna bend half-inch I'm

gonna Bend 3/4 then Bend one-inch and

kind of talk about the different kinds

of bends this is gonna be a very

introductory video more like advanced

topics about you know saddles

three-point saddles four-point saddle

stuff like that I'm not gonna get into

in this video that'll be a later video

first thing that I want to talk about is

the bender in general just familiarizing

yourself with what all the marks on a

bender mean all right so the bender has

a lot of different marks on it it's

gonna tell you several things on it and

just knowing what the marks are really

helpful it tells you what size conduit

that you're bending this says half-inch

EMT only that means not half-inch rigid

that means not three-quarter and even

with some of the bigger benders you

don't want to try to bend half-inch on a

1 inch bender because you're gonna kink

your pipe so this is specifically for a

certain kind of pipe if you flip it over

it tells you what your stub is so this

is your take off when you're bending a

ninety a ninety actually takes up five

inches of pipe to do so you have to I'll

go over that in a second when I'm

actually measuring it out but that tells

you what it is that three-quarter bender

is gonna say 6 inches the 1 inch vendor

is gonna say eight inches notice there's

a little arrow right here that little

arrow is what you're gonna set there's

actually one on the backside too so no

matter where you're standing you can see

but any offsets that you've been any 90s

that you've Bend

you're gonna use that arrow now there is

a star here as well every bender at the

the middle point in the bender that's on

this axis is going to have a star and

that star is if you're gonna bend

backwards 90 so there's a forwards 90

and a backwards 91 of them forwards 90

you're always gonna have to have a take

off the backwards 90 you can literally

just mark the pipe put the bender on it

and Bend and it's gonna your

measurements going to end up perfect so

I'll again I'll talk about that a little

bit more here in a second the next thing

that you want to pay attention to you

are all of these ticks there's one that

says 10 22 and 1/2 30 45 and 60 that's

the different angles I guess for all of

your offsets or if you're gonna bend a

90 but you can if you bend a 90 like

you're going all the way down to this

surface but if you wanted to bend say a

30-degree offset that means you're gonna

have a pipe going like this it's gonna

Bend up 30 degrees and then it's gonna

Bend back 30 degrees and it's gonna run

parallel to clear surface or clear some

kind of obstacle that's in the way so

you would line your bender up to the 30

or if you want it to be a 45 degree

angle if you want it to be like a 60

degree angle you can do all of that the

last thing there's another tick here

that you can barely see but a lot of

vendors will actually have a half circle

drawn where that tick is and that's to

tell you that's the center point of a

saddle bend so again I'm not going to go

into saddle bends but there's a

functionality for that one specific

notch either way that's pretty much it

as far as like knowing what what the the

necessary markings are on a bender to be

able to use it so now let's bend some

[ __ ] okay so first thing I'm going to

talk about is what's called a stub 90

stub 90s a lot of times when you're in a

building and you just need to get a 90

stubbed up above a grid ceiling or

something like that or you have a panel

or something that you're coming out of

that you can just bend out of the end of

the pipe to clear something the reason

it's called a stub nineties because it's

at the very end you don't have to take

any measurements for it so what I'm

gonna do is I take my half-inch bender

put it inside the shoe and I'm gonna lie

on the end of the pipe up with the end

of the bender that way I get the maximum

amount of Bend and you want to make sure

anytime

you're bending pipe that you're on a

flat surface like if you're on a hump

this building sucks there's all kinds of

dips and crazy stuff in it so just to go

into a room and figure out where I've

got a flat surface so the whole thing is

on one plane is a really really

important thing to do your fucked-up

bends so another really important thing

when you're bending is you want to put

all of the pressure down on your foot

and you want to push your foot straight

down you don't want to bend the pipe you

know where the where the actual pipes

gonna be bending on you you got to keep

this thing down and that'll get you the

correct radius and make sure that that

conduit lays down in the shoe like it's

supposed to so I'm gonna bend it half

inch is really really simple to bend but

keep notice how I keep putting my foot

on it and every time I bend it I'm

pushing down with my foot so that's

probably that's probably a solid 90 so

now what I'm going to do is put a level

on it

that's pretty damn straight a trick if

you ever are off on your bend you can

take this candle and you can kind of

correct a little bit this way or that

way if you're if you have multiple bins

and one of your 90s looks like it's a

little bit crooked you can bend this way

and that way so the reason that this is

hollow is so that you can stick it over

your pipe and kind of use it to correct

minor stuff you don't want to try to

bend a lot with it because again you'll

kink the pipe but this is just four

little small Corrections

so anyways this is a stub 90 just again

make sure that you keep your foot

hammered straight down and that's for

all pipe that you've bent especially

when you get into one inch an inch and a

quarter inch and a quarter like you

gotta have a lot of ass to bend and so

some people just end up trying to pull

the handle more than they try to push

down on the foot you want to kick the

foot down that's the most important part

so that's a stub 90 next thing I'm going

to talk about is a forward now that's

what I call forward now yeah there's

probably some other better term for it

out there but the reason I call it 490

is say I want a ninety to be at 36

inches for some reason I've got a wall

or something at 36 inches away that I

need to 90 up against well what I'm

going to do is I'm going to measure to

36 inches and then I'm going to take off

five because again remember this thing

says stubs five inches to the arrow so

we need to take five inches off that's

one two three four five now this is the

marklar bending wrist so if you can

think about this for a little bit once

we put this arrow on that front mark

when it bends back that the end of that

pipe is going to line up perfectly with

this mark so that's how you would get

your 36 inches so let me get this on the

arrow

[Music]

notice another thing too I always try to

keep another hand on the pipe and I'm

pushing down with my foot and pulling

the pipe at the same time just a better

way to control always stick a level on I

think that one is nope that's pretty

damn dead-on all right so now I should

be able to take my tape and get 36

inches yep 36 inches so that's what you

call a forward 90 and the reason they

call it a forward 90 is because the be

the the end of our pipe that we brought

our tape measure from is the front of

the pipe so we did a takeoff of five

inches and bent that side of the pipe

towards us anytime you're gonna do that

any time you're going to do a five inch

takeoff or six inch or an 8 inch takeoff

you're always going to put your tape

measure at the end

bring that takeoff away from you and

Bend that side up the whole back side of

the pipe you're not even looking at so

everything that you're dealing is

forward is out in front of you so just

remember when you mark 36 don't take

back five inches towards you take

forwards five inches and then point the

bender towards the front of the pipe and

Bend that side up just remember

everything's forward in front so a back

90 is where you would flip the bender

around and instead of using the arrow

you use the star this way you don't have

to do a take-off if you've got some

really crazy bent pipe you know like

this thing's already got to 90 minutes

so if I if I was like so close to here

that I couldn't really take five inches

off and come back I would have to just

turn the bender around and Bend the 90

right there but and this side of the

pipe up so that's what I'm gonna do I'm

just gonna say

a little trick for getting measurements

so if you don't ever want to just go

like this and kind of guess where the

end of that pipe is you always want to

either like line this up to a wall take

this take your bender just put some kind

of edge up against it so you have a flat

edge to know where that is

so let's say that I'm just gonna go to

12 inches now remember if we're gonna

bend a forward 90 we would come forward

5 inches mark it and Bend that way but

we're not doing that we're bending a

back 90 so I'm gonna flip my pipe around

and stick it right on that star all

right so that's the star

scoops

okay now we said 12 inches right so this

should be 12 inches that looks like 12

inches to me so that's the difference a

lot of really confused about that whole

forwards and backwards thing you'll bend

stuff and then it's like an inch too

long and interesting short or it's like

you know six inches the wrong way just

remember if you're gonna take off

anything the take off goes away from you

and the end of the pipe comes towards

you and that's a forward bend back Bend

is just simple it's just one mark flip

the bender around to the backside and

you're bending the back towards your

back

so that's half-inch with 90s let me show

you you can see obviously like how easy

a half-inch bender bends things I'll

show a free quarter the bigger the

diameter of pipe obviously the harder it

is to bend so let me Bend a ninety and

three-quarter I'm gonna do a stub 90

again

see I actually let my whole body come

off the ground and I put all of my

weight straight down when I'm bending

you don't want the shoe to actually hit

your pipe there's a it's like a lot of

benders are different but if you're

about 1/8 to 1/4 of an inch off that

pipe your pipes going to be level

another cool thing that I like to do is

to make sure that I'm level if you

forgot your your level on you you can

bring it up to a wall and that is

perfectly straight that's a perfect 90

if it's kicked forward you know you've

bent too much so you got to take the

handle of that bender and kind of push

it forward and correct it because once

you've been tonight you can't unbend it

in any way with your bender

so that's 3/4 now let's do the one-inch

actually I'm gonna measure this one just

again reinforce the whole forward 90

thing let's say 24 inches I'm gonna do a

forward 90 so remember it's 24 inches

total that I want my bend to be so with

a 1 inch bender I have to take 8 inches

off and it says that on that bender so 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 16 so this mark no longer

means anything to us it's only the mark

up here that we need to pay attention to

I wanna see this side all right get in

closer you know whatever all right so

I'm gonna line that line up with this

arrow again it's on both sides if you're

lefty or righty wherever you tend to

look I like this side though just

because I can still see the pipe this

one's gonna be harder to bend so again

watch you guys even out I guess so you

can see my whole body moving what I'm

doing is I'm trying to put force into

the into the ground really so I tend to

kind of jump when I do it I'm not just

bending up because watch the pipe bends

up if you just pull backwards with your

arms you've got to get your foot in your

ass into it so I push like that and then

once you get to this point you're again

just pushing down as much as you can and

using your hand to guide you but don't

pull too much just kind of I guess it's

like an even balance of pushing down and

pulling up

not to dead

alright so the next thing I want to talk

about is how to do an offset so an

offset is something that you you have to

clear something as an obstacle that's in

your way a lot of times there will be

beams like up here we had some conduit

that's in the back that we'll show you

in a minute where our pipe was coming

along the bottoms of these trusses well

actually it was going this way and then

we had to clear a beam so you would have

to do like a saddle or an offset to get

over that so I'm gonna simulate with

these two blocks of wood

these are inch and a half each so that's

a three inch really about three and

eights 3 and and eights 3 and 1/8 inch

offset so I'm gonna show you how to do a

30 degree offset reason I use 30 degree

is because the math is easy you'd say

it's a times 2 multiplier I'm actually

gonna put a chart so you guys can figure

out if you're doing a 45 degree Bend

there's like one point four or one point

six there's all these different

multipliers that you have to use based

on what angle you're gonna choose to get

over this object and the reason again up

here so the reason you would use a 60

degree offset is if you wanted to bring

your pipe all the way up really close

and come down at a steep angle and then

go back up at a steep angle I know that

was very drastic looking but you could

do that with a sixty degree offset a

forty to forty-five degree offset you

can't get as close so you're gonna be

bending your offset back here to go at

45 degrees or a thirty degree offset

you'd have to come back even more

because it's just going to be a really

shallow type of Bend so there are

reasons that you would use different

kinds of guns like that so I'm just

gonna go with thirty degrees because

that's what I do the most is just easy

math you just double the number so if

I'm doing a three inch offset I have to

mark my offsets at six inches you double

the number so let me get my tape let's

say that I'm gonna bend my offset I want

the end of my offset to be six inches

coming out so remember I said that I'm

going to do a three-inch obstacle that I

have to clear so I have to go six inches

I have to double it and do a 2x mole

apply our to clear that so that's one

two three four five six so what that

means is I'm gonna Bend this one time

here and one time here and I like to

bend I like to mark all the way around

on my second one because you're going to

end up moving the pipe around all right

so we're again going to use this arrow

on both of these bends to bend our

offsets so I'm going to start out with

my arrow right here and I'm gonna Bend

this thing so it is completely

perpendicular with the floor that's just

something that I've noticed over the

years whoops and that's pretty close to

level the reason that I'm doing that is

if you come in here and zoom you can see

these little tick marks so for ten

degree Bend you need to be parallel with

this mark well for a 30 degree you need

to be parallel to this mark so now that

my pipe is parallel with that mark

that's 30 degrees but I've figured out

over here's that it just ends up being

that your pipe is straight up and down

when you do a 30 degree Bend so another

reason I do 30 degree bends it's just

easy to gauge without having to do too

much thinking so now the second thing

you're gonna do is you're gonna keep

your bender on the pipe but you're gonna

twist it 180 degrees so now that Bend is

going down and another thing that you

need to do when you're bending on this

second mark you're gonna put your arrow

on that mark again and again I can't see

that mark now that's the reason I draw

the line all the way across because now

I have to look at this side of the pipe

but you can see that that's cocked right

you're gonna you want to make sure that

that pipe is straight with your bender

you kind of want to look at the bender

and look at your pipe and see if they're

both in a straight line if it's not if

it's off to the left just twist it

that's why I lift it off the ground too

because it just gives me the ability to

really control that pipe

so line it up with your arrow now you

see there's a problem my bender is not

even on the ground so I you have to flip

the bender over and you have to bend

this with the pipe in the air so you can

do this a lot with shorter pieces of

pipe the longer pieces of pipe kind of

suck but what I'm going to do is I'm

going to start my offset here and you

want to make sure that your hand is

really close because if you start

pulling back here this whole pipe is

going to bend so you're just you got to

put your foot in front of it or else

this thing's gonna slip on you so you're

trying to keep the handle back but let

the actual shoe go forward so I'm just

gonna add a little bit of force and

again adding it down I'm not trying to

bend this way I'm trying to bend

straight down all right and I'm not

gonna bend the whole thing like this

because I want to make sure the shoe is

doing all the bending so I'm just

kicking it enough so that I can turn

this thing over keep tension on it so it

doesn't slide out on you and the shoe

doesn't move but now my bender is on the

floor so I can actually finish my offset

push down and then what I like to do is

bring my tape down and make sure that I

get three inches so right there is about

three inches right where's that under

all right so another tip looks straight

at me another tip that I like to do is I

like to look down the pipe

after I've bent it and you want to see

if this piece of pipe and this piece of

pipe are running parallel to each other

or if this is angled in or if it's

angled out so if you kind of sit back

and look those are actually perfectly

parallel to each other as I see it so

that's a good Bend that means that I've

I've hit my mark all right set it down

and boom that's perfect so that's how

you bend a standard offset now I would

call that a high offset if you are on

the ceiling and you have to clear an

object like this you would call that a

low offset that really only matters once

you've already got like a 90 bent and

it's really important that after you

Bend that 90 that you kick it in the

right direction so let me show you

another trick just I'll talk maybe more

about this in a more advanced video but

a little trick that I use to make sure

that I get all my bends correct all

right so a trick that I use this was

taught to me by a guy named Gary Jackson

so Gary g-man if you're ever watching

this I stole your [ __ ] from you mm-hmm

he taught me that you want to take your

pipe and you want to bend it so like say

you're bending a 90 and you know that

you have to have a piece that is going

to offset down so you bend your offset

down and then like you know maybe you're

this is extreme you probably would not

do this many bends in one pipe but I'm

just using this as an analogy and then

at the end you want to leave another 90

to go the other way so at the end of

your bending this is what you want your

pipe to look like well what this does is

you set this down next to your pipe and

you can think okay the first thing I

have to bend is like this because a lot

of people get confused on which way they

need to bend their offsets they'll

they'll already have their 90 bent and

then they're like [ __ ] when I do an

offset do I need to bend the first Bend

up and the second Bend down or is it the

first Bend down the second

and uh because one of them is gonna end

up with your pipe looking like that and

the other ones going to looking like

that that's probably the one thing

people screw up the most when they start

learning how to bend pipe so just for

the offset you know if you just have one

offset in a pipe you just flip the damn

pipe over and still use that piece of

pipe the problem is is when you have

another Bend it has to be exactly right

you have to you have to do it right so

the one thing that I always tell people

is if you're trying to offset up you

know that your first Bend you need to

bend down let's straighten this thing

out your first Bend is going to go down

your second Bend is going to go up so

that's what your your Bend is going to

look like but I always think about it in

my mind I'm like okay if I was just

gonna Bend an offset here let me do a

more specific example what I'm gonna do

now is I'm gonna bend a 90 and then Bend

an offset and show you how to think

about once you've bent at 90 which one

you have to do first and how to make

sure you don't get the offset going down

on accident so again I'm gonna use this

piece of wire I'm gonna make my 90 come

from this direction and then I want to

get over that obstacle so I know I need

to go up to get over it that's what I

want the end of my pipe to look like

when all said and done so I'm just gonna

bend an arbitrary number I'm not gonna

do anything with exact science because

I'm just trying to show you the idea of

it so let's say this is our first 90

that's good

now say our panel is that way and we got

to come this way and get over our offset

a lot of people you don't have the

fortune of having this down on the

ground with you you're off somewhere and

you're like all right he told me that he

needs a to been an offset so does that

mean that I need to bend this up and

then Bend the next one down or do I Bend

that one down and Bend the next one up

well that's why you look at your wire so

you know when this thing was straight

that your first Bend needs to go up your

second Bend needs to go down I had that

backwards this is the way the pipe needs

to be so if you figure out I mean you

can do this first been in the back as

well like you can do that first you bend

that up but then you means you have to

flip a really bizarre shaped pipe over

and do it on the ground and try to bend

it up like this but it's at least the

hard part is when you're trying to do

this in your head and you're just

looking at a piece of pipe I've seen

helpers just sit and I've done it to

just scratch your [ __ ] head for 10

minutes and you're like okay I think I

got this like you've thought about it

for so long and you get down there you

bend it you're like ah [ __ ] and then

they'll throw the piece of pipe go get

another pipe bring it over

bend it come over and they'll be like

alright I got this and they bent it and

bent it [ __ ] they [ __ ] it up twice in a

row if you start using this method I

promise you'll you'll be able to

coordinate something visually and

understand what you have to do so again

my pipe is coming from that direction so

I need to get over this thing so what

I'm gonna do this seems bizarre but I'm

gonna bend my first Bend down and then

I'm gonna bend my next Bend up

so let's say we're trying to do that

same three-inch object I'm gonna come

back to I don't know 30 inches I'm just

picking a random [ __ ] number 30

inches I know that my offset is going to

be 6 inches so 3 6 24 these are my two

marks

all right so again just one last time we

said the forward mark has to go down the

backward mark has to go up so I'm going

to simulate that I got to bend this down

first so I'm actually gonna I can't bend

it down well I guess I could do it like

this and move this part up in the air

doing this though you got to make sure

looking at your pipe that it's not

kicked like that you got to twist it a

little bit and get it level

that's another disadvantage of having to

do this up in the air because you're not

really seeing if you're level so I'm

just gonna flip it over to make sure

that it's it's not gonna get kicked come

on all right so we're doing 30 degrees

again I'm gonna go straight up and down

looks good and remember if that confused

you at all remember the shape of our

pipe we're coming this way so I had to

bend the front down now I have to bend

the back up so again I want to bend like

this you put your arrow on the mark but

I can't because I'm up in the air so

this one you unfortunately do have to

flip over so you need to line your pipe

up

where's no mark you need to line your

pipe up and make sure you look down it

and see that the Front's not like kicked

off anywhere and you want to look at the

back too and make sure that you're flush

I mean I can use a sealing line up there

use that trust to make sure that it's

flush I know it's flush because I just

bent it on the ground so I'm not even

worried about that but again I'm gonna

put pressure right here not back here

I'm gonna put this in front so my bender

doesn't slip

and just start my bend that way I can

put it back on the ground keep tension

pull these towards each other because if

you don't it's gonna get all loose and

floppy

so once you've bent it and it's on your

mark already pull these together and

keep tension on them and that bender

won't move on you now I didn't Bend that

enough it's still floating but I just

put a little pressure down on it and

I've got my offset three inches and then

it's about three and a quarter out there

which means I bent this a little bit too

much I bet if I put the level on it

yeah I'm just outside so I went a little

bit too far another really cool thing

that I think that you should consider

doing is climb makes a bubble level like

this that has different ticks on it so

this is a 30-degree level 45 degree

level 90 and 0 degree climbs not the

only one that makes these are some

cheaper ones Cline's expensive but

Cleanse expensive for everything but for

a good reason because it's damn good

stuff but you can put this on there and

[ __ ] why is that not working

oh yeah it's upside down so you can see

like 30 degrees this 30 degree bubble if

I do that for you this is 30 degrees so

you can check your pipe multiple

different ways to make sure that you've

hit 30 degrees sometimes a problem that

I run into is when you're on these marks

when you're standing up here and looking

down at the marks you think that your

pipe is parallel to this line but it's

actually not quite there so you'll go to

bend and then you'll measure and you'll

get three inches here but you'll get

like three and a half here you get like

four over there and it's because you

didn't get that that parallel line

perfect to that the line that's on your

your marker so again it's just a good

idea to see where you messed up if you

messed your first one up you know if you

do that and you Pupp sorry there's a

reason this notch is there because it's

going into your you're better so like

that one is not quite 30 it's a little

under 30 so that's the reason that this

is not perfectly straight the whole way

but in any event I just wanted to

illustrate the point that piece of pipe

is the same piece of pipe so if you can

learn how to use these it's really

really helpful let's make sure just to

see that I did a good job and cleared my

obstacle but again you can see this is

going up so I would probably just step

on this a little bit and that makes sure

that it's at the same height the whole

way

so that's offsets and that's how to

figure out which part needs to go down

and which part needs to go up that is

the one thing I think people struggle

with the most other than three and four

point saddles so use this technique

alright so another thing to go over is a

box offset a box offset is just a

regular offset you can see this one's

already bent but it's a tiny offset that

you don't even need to measure out you

just get used to doing them and you'll

you'll realize how to do them

but it's a good thing to practice so a

box has all these knockouts in it and if

you notice there's a gap here so if I

were to try to run this pipe straight

you might want to get close for this

goal if I were gonna run this straight

my pipe doesn't line up so a lot of guys

will just be really lazy they don't

bother bending any of their box offsets

and they'll just pull the pipe up here

so when they're on the ceiling or on a

wall there's a gap between that so you

can't even get a strap you know over

here on this pipe so to do this right

you need the pipe to be on the ground

and you need to bend a tiny little

offset up so it'll eventually look like

that actually that's a half inch hole

that's a 3/4 hole so that's what you

want your box offset to look like so let

me Bend one just to show you how to do

them there's really not a lot of like

magic to it there's actually benders

that they make that are box offset

benders that you just literally put the

pipe in you step on it and it does a

full box offset for you but I don't have

one of those so in a piece of 3/4 I

guess I can just do it on this one so

for a box offset you're gonna start at

the end of the pipe you can start

wherever you want really if you're gonna

go back like 2 inches and you want all

of your offsets to be like perfectly in

line if you've got like five boxes in a

row and you're putting like I don't know

like ten different pipes in you want to

make sure that all of your offsets are

the same so either do every single one

of them from the end of the pipe and

they'll all line up right or mark two

inches back and do you know start them

all there but you want to make sure that

everything that you do is uniform that's

how you can tell that somebody knows

what they're doing so what I do for a

box offset is I just put a kick about

like that and that's seriously my

measuring is like that there's really no

degree marker on here normally when I do

a box offset it depends if I'm doing

1/2 inch 3/4 how much pressure I put to

it but it's usually somewhere between

the 10 degree in the 22 degree mark 22

ends up being a little bit too much but

again it depends on what size pipe that

you're doing so I'm gonna just call that

good it's like halfway between 10 and 22

and then I'm gonna come back past the

first Bend not too far because you're

gonna end up with a huge offset if you

do that and not too close to the bend

because you'll end up unbending that

Bend a little bit so you want to come

back you know maybe like a half inch or

3/4 of an inch or something again you

want to line up your pipe and make sure

that you didn't get it kicked off to the

side while you were messing around with

it make sure that it's straight and then

put a little bit of pressure again you

know somewhere between the 10 and the 22

this is probably a little bit too much

[Applause]

yeah that's a little bit too much of an

offset you can even use your bender if

you over bend something if you put the

pipe the opposite way of the bend so

like this is the way that I've been to

this pipe to get this bend in it but if

you put it the opposite way

notice that my shoe is bent like this

but my pipe is bent like that so you can

just take very very slightly put a

little bit of pressure on it not too

much I'm just like seriously look how

little I'm moving and then come back to

this one do the same thing

kick it just a little bit look at it to

make sure it's parallel it's actually a

little inside of parallel but that might

work out okay for demonstration purposes

and that's much better

so that's a typical box offset you're

gonna do shitloads of those so if you do

a lot of pipe minting you'll get very

good at doing box offsets the different

sizes is kind of where it gets tricky so

like if you're you submitting a lot of

half inch box offsets and you go to

start bending one inch one day you're

probably gonna [ __ ] the first one up so

for those of you that want to get into

pipe bending or you pipe Bend on a

pretty you know like consistent basis

but you still make a lot of mistakes if

you go by a hundred foot bundle of

half-inch EMT and bring one of your

benders home over the weekend sit and

drink some beer and just screw with it I

think like one stick of half-inch EMTs

like $2.13 or something here in Texas in

Austin you know prices may be different

where you're at but you know for what is

that like 25 bucks maybe you could get

away with just like practicing all these

different things and trying to get good

at them it's really fun I like bending

pipe I like spending time making sure

everything looks good I like to not have

to rebound it a whole bunch of different

times one thing that I really like to do

is I like to try to make a lot of my

bends in the same pipe rather than

having to cut and put couplings

everywhere the more couplings that you

have if you you know 90 you have a

coupling and then you do an offset have

a coupling and then you 90 again and

have a coupling it's okay there's

nothing like code-wise wrong with that

but you can tell the person [ __ ] their

pipe up a lot and they had to keep you

know they bent the 90 a bit through

offset the wrong way sort of like [ __ ]

they just cut it in the middle they spun

their offset the right way put it all

back together and kept going so it just

shows a mistake was made

again it's just a picky kind of anal

thing but craftsmanship something about

my idea of what looks good and

craftsmanship is making all of the bends

within a one stick of pipe without

having to put a coupling

until you get to that 10-foot market

every one of these sticks of pipe is ten

feet long so if you look at all my bins

I try to make it so that my first

coupling is at the end of that pipe

regardless but there are times where I'm

trying to make multiple conduits come up

and they all do something so a lot of

times I will cut all of them off at the

exact same point so I can have all my

couplings line up because it just looks

really really nice it looks like you

thought it out okay

the last scenario that I'm going to talk

about is what's called a kick so a kick

is only 1/2 of an offset and the reason

that you would use a kick is if you're

coming from whatever source you need to

pull wire from and you're turning a 90

but you have an obstacle in your way you

don't have to bend a knob you don't have

to bend an offset because you're not

going to go straight after that bend

you're actually turning so what you want

to do you don't have to do anything but

seriously just kick this pipe up it

makes this whole 90 and everything move

up so that you can just keep going with

your run so a kick is seriously the

easiest way the most joyous way to bend

something because you only have to do

one thing it's a it's very easy so you

make sure when you put your pipe inside

the bender it actually elevates the

conduit a little bit so you got to make

sure that you raise up a lot of times

I'll just take my clients because it's

really only about a half-inch and I'll

put my clients over there to make sure

that I'm on the same plane otherwise

you're gonna bend a crooked pipe but I'm

gonna bend this up I know that that's an

inch and a half that 2x4 is so I'm gonna

try to get to an inch and a half that's

actually way too much but once you put

it down and you get that bender out from

under there

inch-and-a-half so now you can clear

that obstacle and keep going with your

pipe that's just a standard kick that's

a high kick what I call a high kick low

kick would be something else if there's

a piece of wood you know right here and

you're coming straight and you need to

clear that piece of wood you just kick

it down again you don't have to bend an

offset to do that so kick the real fun

because they're just like it's one of

those things that you look up there and

you're like for some reason you didn't

plan something out or you didn't notice

something in your way and you Bend

you're like oh crap I need to bend an

offset and it's like wait oh yeah I can

just bend a kick boom and you're done

alright so this is some of the pipe work

that we've been doing lately we have a

restaurant that we're working on so it's

a really really confined space but you

can kind of see some of the things I was

talking about these are just about Stubb

90s they're stuff 90s plus about two

inches so we had to bend one ninety and

then Bend another 90 and then come over

and then a third 90 and since you don't

ever want to have over 360 degrees in

bends which each 90 is 90 degrees so you

that's 90 180 270 360 so I put these

pull boxes in place so we could at least

have a point where we could start over

with another 360 degrees going out so a

lot of people would probably have chosen

to do this a little bit differently this

adds an extra bend to what you're doing

but this room is so confined with

everything that we had to do a lot of

people would probably have said that

it's a better idea to 90 up and

immediately 45 that way so instead of

our 90 coming straight up they would

have 90 and pushed their pipe out at a

45 degree angle because it gets rid of

one Bend

but in any event it didn't really matter

because every single one of these runs

of pipe has like seven to eight

because they go all over the different

place we've got big steel beams like

every 10 to 12 feet in this thing so

like saddling under things is just a

it's it's almost impossible because we

have a an eight-foot ceiling and a lot

of our beams are at like 8 foot 2 so

there's just there's no space to do

anything so anyways I just wanted to

show you all a little bit of like how

you can how you can bend 90s and make

everything look good all right so a

couple of the terms that I've talked

about so far our our kicks and box

offsets so let's look at a couple of

kicks right here this is what you call a

kick so an offset you know is going

straight coming down and going back

you're offsetting a certain distance for

the kick is when you're going at a

certain height but you need to clear an

obstacle so this is what you would call

a low kick a high kick would be whereas

a high kick over here this is a high

kick so you're you're coming along

you're kicking up and going over so the

reason I call it a high kick or a low

kick I call it high offsets low offsets

once you have a helper that's with you

that you guys have both bent a lot of

pipe and one of you is up on a lift and

the other ones on the ground you guys

are just shouting out things you need to

start having terms that y'all use you

don't have to use industry terms but one

of the things I've done in the past is

when you're yelling down to somebody to

bend an offset say you're bending a pipe

that you have to 90 and then you have to

kick up or you have to have been an

offset up what you would want to say I

need a forward 90 at 90 that's on the

forward end of that piece of pipe not

not a back 90 where you would take and

mark it and turn your bender backwards

but a forward 90 and then when that

turns you need a high offset so that

tells the person oh you need an offset

that goes up or if you say a low offset

oh I need a low an offset that goes down

you can use the same thing for high kick

high kick and low kick alright so box

offsets are another thing that you're

going to bend a lot so right here my

pipe was all of them were coming on the

bottom of these trusses but if I just

drilled my holes you know at the very

end where the box was I wouldn't be able

to get lock rings on so I needed to drop

my pipe down a little bit so I just bent

box offsets on all four

these so that I could clear my locker on

the inside so the standard 90 the box

offset the kick and the regular offset

er which you're going to probably be

bending the most of all right so the the

last thing that I talked about I just

want to show you on an actual practical

job this is what you would call just a

standard offset so this is where you're

at one height that you have an obstacle

that you have to clear this one in

particular this is a 30-degree offset so

you can do 30 degree off so that's 45

degree offs it's a 60 degree offsets you

need 22 and a half degree offsets if you

want there's all these multipliers to

figure out the math behind how you

achieve that but that's a again that's

just a regular offset so my dudes that's

really it

I will do some more videos later I've

got a another video up if you guys

haven't seen it yet it's about how to

bend PVC conduit how to use a heat gun

and do these same kinds of principles

it's very similar it's just that you

kind of have to eyeball a lot of it and

do it by hand but check that video out

if you have any questions please feel

free to get at me if you really want to

see the saddle video let me know I've

already got content planned for the next

like three months but I'll try to slide

that in there somewhere but thank you

guys so much for watching I love you

people and I will see you in the next

episode

[Music]

you shall not pass

[Laughter]

[Music]