- I'm Coyote Peterson.
With beauty often comes danger
and we tend to forget that in the wilderness,
we are no longer at the top of the food chain.
(bear growling and roaring)
(adventure themed music)
There's no wilderness greater than the backcountry
of Montana, an epic expanse of untamed beauty,
that is home to some of North America's
most incredible animals.
Every year thousands of adventurous hikers
set off down rugged mountain trails,
escaping the confines of every day life
and immersing themselves into the wild.
Being lost in nature, we all hope to catch a glimpse
of something beautiful, a chance encounter,
and an experience that will never be forgotten.
The scenario we just painted for you
is a common instance that can happen when hiking out here
in the backcountry of Montana.
What you're actually looking at here is Adam.
Now, Adam was raised in captivity
and he's a bear that's used for educational purposes
and as an ambassador for his species
to teach you guys what to do, and not to,
if you ever encounter one of these beautiful animals
in the wild.
Scenario number one, and best case for you,
is that you stumble upon a grizzly bear
and it doesn't see you.
Stop, stay quiet, back up slowly
and get yourself moving in another direction.
Now the second scenario you could find yourself in
you turn a corner and all the sudden,
it's you and a grizzly bear.
You see the bear, and the bear sees you.
This is the most dangerous situation that you can be in.
Grizzlies don't typically want anything to do with humans
what you want to do is make yourself look
as big as possible.
(bear growling and roaring)
Woah bear, woah bear, woah bear!
If that bear feels threatened
it should turn around and walk back up into the forest.
Once you know that the bear is out of eye sight
you hop into your car, or wherever it was that you came from
and get yourself to safety.
Now the third, and worst case scenario
is what happens if that bear advances.
You are never, I repeat never
going to outrun a grizzly bear
so don't even try.
A lot of people think, "Hey, I've got on my hiking pack,
"let me get off my pack, throw it to the bear,
"and try to distract it so that you can get away."
This pack, on your back, this is your barrier
between the bears teeth and it's claws.
What you want to do is drop to the ground
and get in the fetal position as quickly as possible.
Get down here like this, tuck in, press your arms
against your legs and most importantly, get your hands
behind your neck.
Grizzly bears don't typically eat people,
what they see us as, is a threat to their territory.
As soon as that bear feels that the threat is eliminated
it will probably just disappear back up into the wild.
(bear roaring) Now, he might take a couple bites,
he night take a couple swipes,
but using this tactic increases your chances of survival
by about 90%.
Look at that set of teeth!
I just gave you three great tactics
for surviving a bear encounter.
But, there is one other thing that could save your life,
bear spray, don't ever head off into the backcountry
If you have a bear encounter, and you've got time
to get this off your hip and spray it,
these bears have incredibly sensitive noses
there's a good chance that bear is going to head off
in the other direction, and you're going to
escape the encounter unscathed.
Man, that was intense.
Getting swatted at by a grizzly bear.
Okay, so now we want to get you guys up close
with some of Adam's incredible features.
Grizzlies are opportunistic omnivores,
meaning that they'll eat anything that they come across
from grasses, like you see him chomping on here
all the way up through a moose.
Bears use their noses to follow their prey
they can find dead animals, they can find berries
they can find just about anything
and oftentimes what grizzlies will do is follow a wolf pack
to where they have killed a moose or a caribou
and they'll actually be able to scare those wolves away
and then they've got their meal.
That's the opportunistic that I'm talking about.
All he needs to use is his size and mass
to drive anything off of a kill.
One feature about this bear that is incredibly impressive
is those front paws.
And at the ends, armed with five massive claws
that average about 3.5" to 4" in length.
A single swipe of that paw can take down a deer.
One thing beyond those claws that's impressive
are those teeth.
The bite force of a grizzly bear is about
1,100 pounds per square inch.
That's enough to crush a bowling ball,
you don't want to be within the grasp of a grizzly bear.
Grizzlies also have incredible hearing
that's why you don't often see bears in the wild
because they can hear you coming for miles away.
Now the grizzly is the largest brown bear species
that we have here in the United States
and at one point in time their territory ranged from
Central, all the way through the Western United States.
Unfortunately, as humans encroach upon their territory,
they've been pushed to near extinction here in the lower 48.
Only 800 grizzlies still live here in Montana
and about 600 in Wyoming
all of whom live in Yellowstone National Park.
Completely awe inspiring to be in the presence
of a bear the size of Adam.
The scenario that I showed you guys today
is something that hopefully you never find yourselves in
but I hope that you learned a little something
in case you ever find yourself in that worst case scenario.
I'm Coyote Peterson, be brave, stay wild
we'll see you on the next adventure.
If you thought that was one wild adventure
check out these other animal encounters
and don't forget, subscribe to follow me and the crew
on this season of Breaking Trail.
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